What is a Quadrilateral
A closed figure bounded by four line segments is called a quadrilateral.
All closed figures shown in figure are quadrilaterals as all of them have four line segments. A quadrilateral has four sides, four vertices, and four angles. Let us consider a quadrilateral PQRS.
- Sides of the quadrilateral PQRS are PQ, QR, RS, SP, or QP, PS, SR, RQ.
- Angles of the quadrilateral PQRS are ∠P, ∠Q, ∠R, ∠S or ∠SPQ, ∠PQR, ∠QRS, ∠RSP.
- Vertices of quadrilateral PQRS are P, Q, R, and S.
- Quadrilateral Family
- Different Kinds of Quadrilateral
- More Solved examples on Quadrilaterals
- Convex and Concave Quadrilaterals
- RS Aggarwal Class 9 Solutions Quadrilaterals and Parallelograms
- Properties of Cyclic Quadrilaterals
In addition to the above mentioned features, a quadrilateral also has two diagonals. The line segments joining the opposite vertices of a quadrilateral are called its diagonals. So, PR and QS are diagonals of quadrilateral PQRS that divide the quadrilateral into four triangles.
In quadrilateral PQRS, the two sides PQ and QR having a common end point Q, are called adjacent sides. Similarly, QR and RS, RS and SP, SP and PQ are adjacent to each other.
The sides PQ and RS, PS and QR are opposite to each other. They are the opposite sides.
They do not have any common point.
Two angles of a quadrilateral that have a common arm are called adjacent angles.
In quadrilateral PQRS
∠P and ∠S, ∠P and ∠Q, ∠Q and ∠R, ∠R and ∠S are pairs of adjacent angles.
Two angles of a quadrilateral that have no common arm are called opposite angles.
In quadrilateral PQRS, ∠P and ∠R, and ∠Q and ∠S are pairs of opposite angles.
Types of Quadrilaterals:
Quadrilaterals are classified as the following, depending upon their sides.
- Isosceles Trapezium
Interior and exterior of a quadrilateral
A quadrilateral divides a plane into three parts:
- Interior region: The region inside the quadrilateral is called the interior of the quadrilateral.
Points A, B, and C are in the interior of the quadrilateral PQRS.
- On the quadrilateral: The points M and N which lie on the boundary are said to be on the quadrilateral.
- Exterior region: The region outside the quadrilateral is called the exterior of the quadrilateral. Points U and T are in the exterior of the quadrilaterals.