NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Triangles Ex 6.3 are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths. Here are we have given Chapter 6 **Triangles Class 10 NCERT Solutions Ex 6.3.**

- Triangles Class 10 Ex 6.1
- Triangles Class 10 Ex 6.2
- Triangles Class 10 Ex 6.4
- Triangles Class 10 Ex 6.5
- Triangles Class 10 Ex 6.6

** **

Board | CBSE |

Textbook | NCERT |

Class | Class 10 |

Subject | Maths |

Chapter | Chapter 6 |

Chapter Name | Triangles |

Exercise | Ex 6.3 |

Number of Questions Solved | 16 |

Category | NCERT Solutions |

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Triangles Ex 6.3

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths

Page No: 138

**Question 1.** State which pairs of triangles in Figure are similar. Write the similarity criterion used by you for answering the question and also write the pairs of similar triangles in the symbolic form:

**Solution:**

(i) ∠A = ∠P = 60^{0}

∠B = ∠Q = 80^{0}

∠C = ∠R = 40^{0}

Therefore ∆ABC ~ ∆PQR [by AAA rule]

(iii) Triangles are not similar as the corresponding sides are not proportional.

(iv) Triangles are not similar as the corresponding sides are not proportional.

(v) Triangles are not similar as the corresponding sides are not proportional.

(vi) In ∆DEF

∠D + ∠E + ∠F = 180^{0}

(Sum of measures of angles of a triangle is 180^{0})

70^{0} + 80^{0} + ∠F = 180^{0}

∠F = 30^{0}

Similarly in ∠PQR

∠P + ∠Q + ∠R = 180^{0}

(Sum of measures of angles of a triangle is 180^{0})

∠P + 80^{0} +30^{0} = 180^{0}

∠P = 70^{0}

Now In ∆DEF and ∆PQR

∠D = ∠P = 70^{0}

∠E = ∠Q = 80^{0}

∠F = ∠R = 30^{0}

Therefore ∆DEF ~ ∆PQR [by AAA rule]

Page No: 139

**Question 2.** In the fig 6.35, ΔODC ∝ ¼ ΔOBA, ∠ BOC = 125° and ∠ CDO = 70°. Find ∠ DOC, ∠ DCO and ∠ OAB.

**Solution: **Since DOB is a straight line

Therefore ∠DOC + ∠COB = 180

^{0}

Therefore ∠DOC = 180

^{0}– 125

^{0}

= 55

^{0}

In ∠DOC,

∠DCO + ∠CDO + ∠DOC = 180

^{0}

∠DCO + 70

^{0}+ 55

^{0}= 180

^{0}

∠DCO = 55

^{0}

Since ∆ODC ~ ∆OBA,

Therefore ∠OCD = ∠OAB [corresponding angles equal in similar triangles]

Therefore ∠ OAB = 55

^{0}

**Question 3.** Diagonals AC and BD of a trapezium ABCD with AB || DC intersect each other at the point O. Using a similarity criterion for two triangles, show that

**Solution: **In ∆DOC and ∆BOA

AB || CD

Therefore ∠CDO = ∠ABO [Alternate interior angles]

∠DCO = ∠BAO [Alternate interior angles]

∠DOC = ∠BOA [Vertically opposite angles]

Therefore ∆DOC ~ ∆BOA [AAA rule)

Page No: 140

**Question 4.** In the figure, QR/QS = QT/PR and ∠1 = ∠2. Show that ΔPQS ~ ΔTQR.

**Solution: **In ∆PQR

∠PQR = ∠PRQ

Therefore PQ = PR (i)

Given,

**Question 5.** S and T are point on sides PR and QR of ΔPQR such that ∠P = ∠RTS. Show that ΔRPQ ~ ΔRTS.

**Solution: **

In ∆RPQ and ∆RST

∠RTS = ∠QPS [given]

∠R = ∠R [common angle]

∠RST = ∠RQP [ Remaining angles]

Therefore ∆RPQ ~ ∆RTS [by AAA rule]

**Question 6.** In the figure, if ΔABE ≅ ΔACD, show that ΔADE ~ ΔABC.

**Solution: **Since ∆ABE ~ ∆ACD

Therefore

AB = AC ——(1)

AD = AE—— (2)

Now, in ∆ADE and ∆ABC,

Dividing equation (2) by (1)

**Question 7.** In the figure, altitudes AD and CE of ΔABC intersect each other at the point P. Show that:

(i) ΔAEP ~ ΔCDP (ii) ΔABD ~ ΔCBE (iii) ΔAEP ~ ΔADB (iv) ΔPDC ~ ΔBEC

**Solution: **(i)

In ∆AEP and ∆CDP

Since ∠CDP = ∠AEP = 90

^{0}

∠CPD = ∠APE (vertically opposite angles)

∠PCD = ∠PAE (remaining angle)

Therefore by AAA rule,

∆AEP ~ ∆CDP

(ii)

In ∆ABD and ∆CBE

∠ADB = ∠CEB = 90

^{0}

∠ABD = ∠CBE (common angle)

∠DAB = ∠ECB (remaining angle)

Therefore by AAA rule

∆ABD ~ ∆CBE

(iii)

In ∆AEP and ∆ADB

∠AEP = ∠ADB = 90

^{0}

∠PAE = ∠DAB (common angle)

∠APE = ∠ABD (remaining angle)

Therefore by AAA rule

∆AEP ~ ∆ADB

(iv)

In ∆PDC and ∆BEC

∠PDC = ∠BEC = 90

^{0}

∠PCD = ∠BCE (common angle)

∠CPD = ∠CBE

Therefore by AAA rule

∆PDC ~ ∆BEC

**Question 8.** E is a point on the side AD produced of a parallelogram ABCD and BE intersects CD at F. Show that ΔABE ~ ΔCFB.

**Solution: **∆ABE and ∆CFB

∠A = ∠C (opposite angles of a parallelogram)

∠AEB = ∠CBF (Alternate interior angles AE || BC)

∠ABE = ∠CFB (remaining angle)

Therefore ∆ABE ~ ∆CFB (by AAA rule)

**Question 9.** In figure, ABC and AMP are two right triangles, right angled at B and M respectively, prove that:

**Solution: **In ∆ABC and ∆AMP

∠ABC = ∠AMP = 90

^{0}

∠A = ∠A (common angle)

∠ACB = ∠APM (remaining angle)

Therefore ∆ABC ~ ∆AMP (by AAA rule)

Therefore (Corresponding sides are proportional)

**Question 10.** CD and GH are respectively the bisectors of ∠ACB and ∠EGF such that D and H lie on sides AB and FE of ΔABC and ΔEFG respectively. If ΔABC ~ ΔFEG, Show that:

(i) CD/GH = AC/FG

(ii) ΔDCB ~ ΔHGE

(iii) ΔDCA ~ ΔHGF

**Solution: **Since ∆ABC ~ ∆FEG

Therefore ∠A = ∠F

∠B = ∠E

As, ∠ACB = ∠FGE

Therefore ∠ACD = ∠FGH (angle bisector)

And ∠DCB = ∠HGE (angle bisector)

Therefore ∆ACD ~ ∆FGH (by AAA rule)

And ∆DCB ~ ∆HGE (by AAA rule)

For ∆ ACD and ∆FGH

Page No: 141

**Question 11.** In the following figure, E is a point on side CB produced of an isosceles triangle ABC with AB = AC. If AD ⊥ BC and EF ⊥ AC, prove that ΔABD ~ ΔECF.

**Solution: **In ∆ABD and ∆ECF,

Given that AB = AC (isosceles triangles)

So, ∠ABD = ∠ECF

∠ADB = ∠EFC = 90

^{0}

∠BAD = ∠CEF

Therefore ∆ABD ~ ∆ECF (by AAA rule)

**Question 12.** Sides AB and BC and median AD of a triangle ABC are respectively proportional to sides PQ and QR and median PM of ΔPQR (see Fig 6.41). Show that ΔABC ~ ΔPQR.

**Solution: **Median divides opposite side.

**Therefore ∆ABD ~ ∆PQM (by SSS rule)**

Therefore ∠ABD = ∠PQM (corresponding angles of similar triangles)

Therefore ∆ABC ~ ∆PQR (by SAS rule)

**Question 13.** D is a point on the side BC of a triangle ABC such that ∠ADC = ∠BAC. Show that CA^{2} = CB.CD

**Solution: **In ∆ADC and ∆BAC

Given that ∠ADC = ∠BAC

∠ACD = ∠BCA (common angle)

∠CAD = ∠CBA (remaining angle)

Hence, ∆ADC ~ ∆BAC [by AAA rule]

So, corresponding sides of similar triangles will be proportional to each other

Hence CA

^{2}= CB × CD

**Question 14.** Sides AB and AC and median AD of a triangle ABC are respectively proportional to sides PQ and PR and median PM of another triangle PQR. Show that ΔABC ~ ΔPQR.

**Solution: **

**Question 15.** A vertical pole of a length 6 m casts a shadow 4m long on the ground and at the same time a tower casts a shadow 28 m long. Find the height of the tower.

**Solution: **Let AB be a tower

CD be a pole

Shadow of AB is BE

Shadow of CD is DF

The light rays from sun will fall on tower and pole at same angle and at the same time.

So, ∠DCF = ∠BAE

And ∠DFC = ∠BEA

∠CDF = ∠ABE (tower and pole are vertical to ground)

Therefore ∆ABE ~ ∆CDF

So, height of tower will be 42 meters.

**Question 16.** If AD and PM are medians of triangles ABC and PQR, respectively where ΔABC ~ ΔPQR prove that AB/PQ = AD/PM.

**Solution: **Since ∆ABC ~ ∆PQR

So, their respective sides will be in proportion

Also, ∠A = ∠P, ∠B = ∠Q, ∠C = ∠R (2)

Since, AD and PM are medians so they will divide their opposite sides in equal halves.

From equation (1) and (3)

So, we had observed that two respective sides are in same proportion in both triangles and also angle included between them is respectively equal

Hence, ∆ABD ~ ∆PQM (by SAS rule)

We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Triangles Ex 6.3 help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Triangles Ex 6.3, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

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