Essay on Article 35A of Indian Constitution: Article 35a of the Indian Constitution has been in the news recently as article 370 and article 35a was repealed by the union government of India. There are various provisions in the Article 35a of the Indian Constitution that empowers the Jammu and Kashmir assembly to provide permanent status to its citizens.
In this particular essay on article 35a of the Indian Constitution, we shall be talking about what is the importance of article 35a to the people of Jammu and Kashmir, why was it repealed and what does the future hold for the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Long and Short Essays on Article 35A of Indian Constitution for Students and Kids in English
Below we have provided a well-researched, well written and comprehensive essay on article 35a of the Indian Constitution. A long essay on article 35a of the Indian Constitution with the word limit of 600 is provided. Also, a short essay on article 35a of the Indian Constitution is provided. Both of these essays can be used by teachers and students preparing for UPSC civil services examination. This can also be used by students of classes 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 for their test, exam, assignments, holiday home works and research papers.
Long Essay on Article 35A of Indian Constitution 600 Words
Article 35a of the Indian Constitution was enacted in the year 1954 by the then president Rajendra Prasad under article 370. The provisions and the clauses in the article were propagated by the then Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Article 35a of the Indian constitution empowers the state of Jammu and Kashmir to declare permanent residence in the state.
According to the law of the land, any person who resides in the state for more than 10 years or by birth is in the state, he or she would be a permanent resident of the state. Any other person from outside of Jammu and Kashmir will not be able to become the resident of the state and hence will not be allowed to buy a land or a property or conduct any sort of business within the state borders. This was supposed to be a temporary article in the Indian Constitution but due to social and political tensions the state and across the border between India and Pakistan, article 35a and Article 370 of the Indian Constitution has been in place since its inception.
Given the strategic importance of the state of Jammu and Kashmir to the country, the Indian Central Government under the Prime Ministership of Narendra Modi repealed Article 35a and Article 370 of the Indian constitution and converted the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories, namely Union Territory of Jammu and union territory of Ladakh.
The repealing of these articles was of utmost importance to improve the economic condition of the state. There are many reasons given by the Indian government for repealing of these two articles, some of which are preventing terrorism, prevention of money laundering across the border as well as improving the living standard of the people of Jammu and Kashmir and developing a sense of inclusivity between India and Jammu and Kashmir.
In fact, the provisions of the Article 35a was actually holding back many businesses from investing in the states as a result of which the unemployment rate in the state of Jammu and Kashmir was skyrocketing.
After the repealing of this article, people from any part of the country can buy land and conduct businesses in the state which provides employment opportunities and give the required economic push the state. Experts say that it is because of the unemployment rate in the state that the cities in the state were under protest has been increasing in the state as a result of which state has become a hub for the humanitarian crisis in the world. Jammu and Kashmir is one of the most militarized zones in the world where both the defence forces of India and soldiers of Pakistan are placed in the Indian occupied Kashmir (IOK) and Pakistan occupied Kashmir (POK) which witnesses thousands of deaths every year both from civilians and army.
I would like to conclude by saying that article 35a and Article 370 of the Indian Constitution was implemented during the 1950s to help Jammu and Kashmir retain its power, unity and values. But as India is approaching 70 years of Independence, it is high time the people of Jammu and Kashmir are provided with a better standard of living and economic opportunities and prevent deaths due to war. Generations after generations, since the independence of India, have suffered the wrath of the Indian Army as well as the Pakistan army and this is the right time that it should stop and the people of Jammu and Kashmir should prosper in all aspects.
Short Essay on Article 35A of Indian Constitution 200 Words
Article 35a of the Indian Constitution is a special provision for the state of Jammu and Kashmir which empowers the government of Jammu and Kashmir to from their own laws, terms and condition for the citizens of the state. According to the law of the land, people from outside the borders of Jammu and Kashmir are not allowed to buy land or conduct independent businesses in this state as a result of which, the economy of the state of Jammu and Kashmir has seen a nosedive in the past several year’s. The unemployment rate in the state is ever high as a result the youth has been influenced to participate in protests and wage war against the state.
The state of humanitarian crisis will hopefully come to an end since article 35a and Article 370 of the Indian Constitution was repealed in the year 2019 by Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi. The repealing of these two articles has not only benefits for the people of Jammu and Kashmir but also has great benefits for the economy of the whole of India. Billions of dollars have been spent on different purposes in the region of Jammu and Kashmir through AFSPA and such dangerous provisions. Removing of this article and converting the state into union territories will help save a lot of money to the exchequer of India and help in developing the economy of Jammu and Kashmir and prevent the humanitarian crisis that is looming over the state since decades.
I would like to conclude by saying that repealing of article 370 and article 35a has created a sense of hope across the state of Jammu and Kashmir for the economic and social development of the society. Only the future will tell us how useful was the repealing of these articles and converting the state into two union territories will result in.
- Article 35a of the Indian constitution empowers the state of Jammu and Kashmir to declared the residents of the state
- According to the clauses of this article, no person outside Jammu and Kashmir will be able to buy land within the state or conduct any sort of business
- Article 35a and Article 370 of the Indian Constitution was repealed in the year 2019 and converted the state into two union territories namely Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the union territory of Ladakh
- The repealing of these two articles will help the state to grow economically and socially along with the rest of India
- Article 370 and Article 35a has been criticized for creating the problems of terrorism, black money and money laundering across the border from Pakistan and China
- Experts say that this article misused by the leaders in the state to wage war against the country and create a state of anarchy in the region
- Kashmir is one of the most militarized zones in the world as a result of which it has created a huge financial burden on the state of India
- Creation of these two union territories will result in the law of the land in Jammu and Kashmir which will be the same as that as in the rest of the country
- Jammu and Kashmir, after removing article 35a and article 370 is under total lockdown and curfew since 1 year
- Article 35a and Article 370 which was supposed to be temporary provisions, have been in existence since more than 70 years and has been creating platforms for the humanitarian crisis and civil unrests the state.
FAQ’s on Essay on Article 35A of Indian Constitution
Is article 35a and article 370 related to each other?
Article 35a and Article 370 both empowers the state of Jammu and Kashmir with special powers and allows them to create their own laws and policies without being influenced by the state of India
Why was article 35a article 370 repealed?
Article 35a and Article 370 of the Indian Constitution was repealed to prevent terrorism across the border and provide economic development to the state and develop a sense of inclusivity among the people of Kashmir with India
What does the future hold for the union territories of Kashmir and Ladakh?
After the removing of article 35a and article 370, people outside of Kashmir can conduct the operations in the state and people from outside of Kashmir can buy land as a result of which the economic development will be seen in the coming years in the state of Jammu and Kashmir
When did article 35a come into existence?
Article 35a of the Indian Constitution came into existence in the year 1956 under then-president Rajendra Prasad