Article 370 Essay: One of the highly controversial topics in the country from last year was the abrogation of article 370. Given the depth of the impact it will have on the Indian subcontinent as well as on the people of Kashmir, lots of debates have happened over this particular article in the Indian constitution. It has created a political and legal storm in the county.
In this particular article 370 of the Indian constitution essay, we shall be talking about what the article is, a brief history of the law, and what will be the future of Kashmir and India with respect the abrogation of the law. A comprehensive article 370 of the Indian constitution essay can be used by students aspiring for IAS or IPS (UPSC Civil services) examination in the country.
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Long and Short Essays on Article 370 of the Indian Constitution for Students and Kids in English
If you are searching for a detailed, informative and comprehensive essay on article 370 of the Indian constitution, then we have provided two different essays, each with good content in it. A 600-word article 370 of the Indian constitution essay is helpful for students of classes 7,8,9 and 10, and a 200-word essay on article 370 of the Indian constitution is provided below for students of class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. This model essay can also be used by UPSC civil services aspirants as well.
Long Essay on Article 370 of the Indian Constitution Essay 600 Words in English
When India obtained its independence from the British rule in the year 1947, many states such as the Deccan, Mysore region and Madras presidency joined the Indian union. Some were forced to join and others were given a choice of sorts. Kashmir, given the population of Muslims in the region, was reluctant to join either of the forces on their sides i.e, India or Pakistan. In the year 1949, October article 370 was added to the Indian constitution on a temporary basis under Maharaja Hari Singh and congress leader Sheikh Abdulla. And ever since that day, article 370 has been a part of Jammu and Kashmir rule until 2019 when it was abrogated.
What is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution?
Article 370 of the Indian constitution is a special provision in the Indian constitution which allows the state of Jammu and Kashmir to draft its own constitution and put curbs on the power of the Indian Union over the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Basically, it granted a high amount of autonomous powers to the Jammu and Kashmir legislature.
Except for defence, communication, foreign affairs and financier, the Jammu and Kashmir leaders had enormous power over the states without the impending influence of the Indian central government. Leaders have used the powers of article 370 to form their own laws and put in place restrictions for the people of Jammu and Kashmir. This special status will empower the state with a separate constitution, flag and national anthem. Also, the people of Jammu and Kashmir will be eligible for dual citizenship. The assembly of the state can make its laws for land and properties, and they have banned people outside Jammu and Kashmir to buy land in the state.
All this came to a sudden halt when article 370 was abrogated in 2019. As this article 370 of the Indian constitution essay in being written, a curfew is imposed all over the state of Jammu and Kashmir, for over a year now, to prevent unrest and violence in the state as a result of the abrogation of article 370.
Now that the special powers are taken away from the government of Jammu and Kashmir, two new union territories in India is formed, which are a union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union territory of Ladakh, Leh and Kargil. The whole region is under the control of the Indian central government and AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Powers Act), which gives powers to the Indian army to detain anyone suspicious without any kind of accountability and trial, is put in place in certain sensitive regions of the state.
Some say the abrogation was unconstitutional and authoritarian in nature. But the fact of the matter is that abrogation has caused enormous amounts of unrest in the state with curfews being imposed for over a year now and an unspeakable amount of humanitarian crisis looming over the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Why was article 370 abrogated?
There are plenty of reasons that the central government has given to the people asking the reason for the abrogation of the article. Some of the reasons are:
- To prevent terrorist operation across the border
- To prevent human rights violations happening in the state
- To maintain law and order properly
- To develop a sense of inclusion for the people of Jammu and Kashmir into the Union of India
- To develop the state economically and make it socially stable
These were a few of the reasons that the central government gave in defence of the abrogation of article 370.
Irrespective of what the future holds of Kashmiris, they’ve been under humanitarian crisis and turmoil for more than 6 decades now. With or without article 370, an entire generation of Kashmiris has been bearing the brunt of military power, both from the Indian army as well as the Pakistani army. Kashmir should not be a guinea pig for a bigger diplomatic war between India and Pakistan.
Thousands of people (both civilians and soldiers) have been killed and thousands of crores of money has been spent on military resources in the state. Kashmir is one of the most militarized zones in the country. A proper and long-lasting solution has to be found out for the people of Jammu and Kashmir so that they prosper and grow in the future.
Short Essay on Article 370 of the Indian Constitution Essay 200 Words in English
Find below a 200-word essay on article 370 of the Indian constitution essay for students of classes 1,2,3,4,5 and 6, and also for UPSC civil services aspirants
Article 370, which was introduced to the Indian constitution first in the year 1949, has been in place for more than 6 decades now. The instrument of accession was signed by the then Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. This helped the state of Jammu and Kashmir to accede to the Indian union. And ever since 1949, article 370, which was supposed to be a temporary provision in the Indian constitution, has been in place for more than 6 decades now. Article 370 empowers the state of Jammu and Kashmir to have its own constitution and laws which fall under both concurrent and union list, except for the matter of finance, communication, defence and foreign affairs. This article has given the leaders of Jammu and Kashmir region enormous powers and autonomy from the Indian union. While some say this article was misused by leaders to collaborate with Pakistan and increase terror operation in India, some argue that autonomy has helped the people of Kashmir.
In 2019, article 370 was abrogated by the Central government and turned the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories namely, a union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union territory of Ladakh, Leh and Kargil.
- Article 370 gives special powers and status to the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Article 370 of the Indian constitution was formed in the year 1949, 17th of October.
- It empowers the state to form its own constitution other than the Indian constitution.
- It empowers the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to take decisions independently on all fronts except in the matters of communication, defence, foreign affairs and finance.
- Article 370 of the Indian constitution was abrogated in 2019 by the Indian government.
- Kashmir problem, where both India and Pakistan exercises its right over the territory, is the reason why article 370 was formed.
- The autonomous power that is given to Jammu and Kashmir resulted in increased terrorist operations across the borders.
- State of Jammu and Kashmir was removed and two new union territories were formed which are a union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union territory of Ladakh, Leh and Kargil.
- Kashmir is one of the most militarized zones in the whole world.
- Kashmir has been in curfew for a year now, since the abrogation of article 370.
FAQ’s on Article 370 Essay
What happens if article 370 is removed?
Special powers will be taken away from the government of Jammu and Kashmir and the state will be obligated to abide by all the clauses in the Indian constitution
What are the advantages of removing article 370?
Ownership of land, decrease in terror operations and increased control by the Indian government over cross border infiltration are some the advantages of removing article 370
Why does Pakistan want Kashmir?
Kashmir is a diplomatically and strategically apt location for both counties to establish their power. Also, Kashmir is rich in natural resources, which is why Pakistan wants Kashmir to be part of their country
Why is Kashmir the most militarized zone in the world?
To prevent civil unrest and cross border terrorism, the Indian Army has deployed soldiers in high numbers in sensitive regions of Kashmir