These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 6.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 6
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos I to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(iii) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 – 16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’ and significant’ test items.
Answer all the Questions Given Below:
Who is often called as the father of Indian Archaeology? What did he note about the plight of Harappa?
How were the headmen of villages appointed? What were his duties?
What is meant the term by ‘shadow lines’?
Answer any five of the Following Questions:
Elaborate the factors which should be retained in mind by the historians during textual traditions.
Explain the impact of Jainism on Indian society.
Explain the teaching of Sufi tradition.
Illuminate on Badshahnama.
“The peasants of India being under debt.” Explain the reasons.
Minority means that a particular community is less to compared to the proportion of the total population. How did the members of the constituent assembly define the term ‘minority’? Discuss.
Value Based Question
Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.
“Heroic poems were written about the valour of the queen who, with a sword in one hand and the veins of her horse in the other, fought for the freedom of her motherland. Rani of Jhansi was represented as a masculine figure chasing the enemy slaying British soldiers and valiantly fighting till her last.”
What values are tought by this passage as it describes the valiently fighting of Rani?”
Long Answer Question.
Answer All the questions given below:
Discuss the Kalinga war and its results.
Why is Asoka considered as ‘The Great’?
Ibn Battuta’s account refers to prevalence of slavery in India. Discuss with examples.
Examine Bernier’s perceptions about the ownership of landed property of Mughal India.
Discuss the main stages of town planning and architecture of Bombay. Discuss the buildings made in neo-classical style.
How was capitalist class of Bombay developed? What was its contribution in economic development of the city?
Source Based Questions
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
The most ancient system yet discovered.
About the drains, Mackay noted: “It is certainly the most complete ancient system as yet discovered.” Every house was connected to the street drains. The main channels were made of bricks set in mortar and were covered with loose bricks that could be removed for cleaning. In some cases, limestone was used for the covers. House drains first emptied into a sump or cesspit into which solid matter settled while waste water flowed out into the street drains. Very long drainage channels were provided at intervals with sumps for cleaning. It is a wonder of archaeology that “little heaps of material, mostly sand, have frequently been found lying alongside drainage channels, which shows that the debris was not always carted away when the drain was cleared”.
- Explain the ancient drainage system of the Harappans.
- Describe the domestic architecture of the houses of Mohenjodaro.
- What was the drawback in the sanitation system?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
How tanks were built
About a tank constructed by Krishnadeva Raya, Paes wrote: The king made a tank … at the mouth of two hills so that all the water which comes from either one side or the other collects there; and, besides this, water comes to it from more than three leagues (approximately 15 kilometres) by pipes which run along the lower parts of the range outside. This water is brought from a lake which itself overflows into a little river. The tank has three large pillars handsomely carved with figures; these connect above with certain pipes by which they get water when they have to irrigate their gardens and rice-fields. In order to make this tank the said king broke down a hill In the tank I saw so many people at work that there must have been fifteen or twenty thousand men, looking like ants.
- How did the water get collected in the tank? 2
- What were the other sources of water for Vijayanagara?
- How many people were engaged in the construction of the tank?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Why was salt the symbol of protest? This is what Mahatma Gandhi wrote: The volume of information being gained daily shows how wickedly the salt tax has been designed. In order to prevent the use of salt that has not paid the tax which is at times even fourteen times its value, the Government destroys the salt it cannot sell profitably. Thus it taxes the nation’s vital necessity; it prevents the public from manufacturing it and destroys what nature manufactures without effort. No adjective is strong enough for characterising this wicked dog-in-the-manger policy. From various sources I hear tales of such wanton destruction of the nation’s property in all parts of India. Maunds if not tons of salt are said to be destroyed on the Konkan coast. The same tale comes from Dandi. Wherever there is likelihood of natural salt being taken away by the people living in the neighbourhood of such areas for their personal use, salt officers are posted for the sole purpose of carrying on destruction. Thus valuable national property is destroyed at national expense and salt taken out of the mouths of the people.
- Why was salt destroyed by the colonial government?
- Why did Gandhiji feel the need to abolish tax on salt?
- Why did Gandhiji consider salt tax more oppressing than other taxes?
17.1 On the given outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols:
(b) Delhi – A Mughal City
17.2. On the same outline map of India three three centres related to the Indian National Movement have been marked as A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(i) Alexander Cunnigham, the first Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India is often called the father of Indian Archaeology.
(ii) Alexander noted that the amount of brick taken from the ancient site was enough to lay bricks for about 100 miles of railway line between Lahore and Multan.
(i) The villages headman was known as the Muqaddam. Some sources suggest that he was appointed by consenses of the village elders and the choice had to be ratified by the zamindar.
(ii) The main duty of the village headman was to supervise the preparation of village accounts; with the help of the Patwari.
(i) The term ‘shadow lines’ refers to the hastily constructed frontiers separating India and Pakistan.
(ii) The boundaries between the two new states were not officially known until.
(i) Historians should observe the language in which the book has been written. They should examine if the book has been written in Pali, Prakrit or Tamil which were usually spoken by the people. Further they see whether the book was been written in Sanskrit which was used by the specific section of the society.
(ii) They paid their attention to the kind of text. They tried to analyse if the text contained mantras which could be read by the people.
(iii) Historians wanted more to know the authors whose ideas and thoughts gave the text a concrete shape.
(i) Jainism had great impact on the Indian society. It condemned the caste system. So, caste system started to decline.
(ii) As Brahmanas examined the popularity of simple ways and rules of this sect. They decided to leave the customs of animal sacrifice, rituals and other evils.
(iii) Due to its impact the Vedic veligion came into its simplicity, jainism gave emphasize on non-violence. Its followers tunned to be vegetarian and left eating flesh of animals.
(iv) Jains built various great temples and Mathas in respect of their Tirthankars. Dilwara, Jaina Temple of Mt Abu, Elora Caves, Khajuraho are the best examples of the art. Jainism helped making progress of literature of many languages – Hindi, Gujarati, Kannada and Marathi etc.
(i) The teachings of the sufi tradition: The sufi saints preached that God is one and we are all his children. Ram, Krishna or Muhammad are not God. No doubt, they were all great men.
(ii) The Sufi saints preached that the people who wanted to attain God, human beings should be loved as God loves those who love other human-beings.
(iii) According to Sufi saints a man could become decent and achieve a high status by his deeds not by his religion. If an untouchable does a good deed he will be considered as high.
(iv) Peace and non-violence were more important to the Sufi saints and Bhakats. They honoured as an exalted status of Guru and Pir.
(i) Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan called Abdul Hamid Lahori and requested him to write a history of his reign as he had dome in Akbamama.
(ii) Badshahnama was written by Abdul Hamid Lahori. He was a pupil of Abul Fazl. It is an official history of the events which take place during Shah Jahan’s rule.
(iii) There are three volumes of Badshahnama. Each of them covered a period of ten years. Sadullah Khan, the Wazir of Shah Jahan revised the first two volumes.
(iv) The Asiatic-Society was the first to publish edited version of Badshahnama in the 19th century. Some excerpts of this book have been translated into English.
(i) During the colonial rule a big portion of the peasants remained under the debt as they had to pay the fixed revenue to the state whenever they did not have a good crop they had to take loan to pay their revenue.
(ii) Mostly, farmers used to complete their social liabalities as—marriage, birth or death in the family by taking the loan.
(iii) Peasants had to repay their debts with high rate of interest to moneylenders whether the income of the farmers was very low. There was a waive off of loan and interest once a farmer took the loan that he could not return it except its interest.
(iv) The farmers were unable to save any part of their produce. They had to taken loan from the Sahukar whenever there was famine or flood. During the colonial rule more than 80% farmers were under debt.
(i) During the preparation of the Indian Constitution all the members of the constitution defined the term minority in their own way.
(ii) B. Pocker Bahadur of Madras stated that minority in community and religious terms. He wanted a political set up in the country which might enable the minorities to live in harmony with others and should be well represented in the political system. A true representative of a community can not be choosen by those who do not belong the same.
(iii) N.G. Ranga, a socialist urged that the term minority not be interrupted in religious; social or numerical terms but economic terms. The real minorities were not numerically smaller communities, the Muslims or Sikhs but the masses. The poor, the downtrodden, depressed, opressed and supressed.
(iv) Jaipal Singh, an adivasi and Magappa and other members of the Depressed Castes defined tribals and untouchables as minority not be case of their numerical insignificance but because they constituted the oppressed groups.
(v) Hansa Mehta of Bombay defined women as minority on gender basis and asked for equality and justice; social, economic and political to enable real cooperation between gender-men and women. B.R. Ambedkar considered the people belonging to the Depressed Castes as minority. Some members talked of religious minorities and sought special safeguards for them.
- Gender Equality
- Devotion and Dedication
- Sacrifice for motherland
- Greatness of Motherland
(i) Asoka started to expand his empire after the attainment of the throne. Kalinga was an
independent state so he decided to conquer that, an attack was made in 261 BCE with big army.
(ii) Megasthenese mentioned that Kalinga also had a large army—60000 infantry, 1000 Cavalry and 70 elephants. A fierce war was fought and Asoka won that war.
(iii) According to Asokan inscription arround one lakh people died, more than (me lakh injured, and 150000 men made prisoners.
- Dangerous results of that war came out. A big loss of people was made. Kalinga’s streets : were filled with bloodshed and bodies. Asoka deeply hurt when he saw that terrible scenes.
- A great revolution came in Asoka’s life a strict king had converted into a very kind king. He became a peaceful person. He became the follower of Buddhism due to the principles of non-violence. It could keep him away from such wars.
- Asoka gave up eating flesh of animals and hunting of animals. He started to propagate I Buddhism. Buddhism was declared a state religion. He built many Mathas and Viharas for Buddhist monks and engraved the teaching of Buddhism on inscriptions.
- Asoka became a great welfarist-king. He decided to win hearts of people in place of winning territories. Roads were made, planted the trees on both sides of roads; built many wells, and rest houses.
- Asoka appointed Dhamma Mahamatmas to give more education to the people as he wanted to build the character of his subjects.
In brief, Kalinga war made Asoka as a person of kindness, religious, tolerance, truth and non-violence.
- After the study of given descriptions of Asoka, it can be stated that he was a great king and no other kings could reach to the level of Asoka.
- Asoka left the policy of war and victory. He set the aims of service of humanity. He gave up the life of leisure and hunting and started to preach the people and became vegetarian.
- Asoka opened hospitals for human beings as well as animals. Hunting of animals declared prohibited by him in his kingdom. In 243 BCE he declared that no one could kill animals during 56 days in a year, set by the kingdom.
- He looked after his subjects like his children. He built many roads for their welfare. He planted trees at both sides of the roads. Patients received free medicines from the hospitals. He had a quality administrations. He appointed Mahamatras who conveyed the grievances of public to the king.
- Asoka adopted Buddhism after Kalinga war and became the follower of peace as he left the policy of war and killings. He propagated Dhamma for the moral upliftment of his subject. One should live a simple and pure and respect his parents and teacher.
- During the reign of Asoka, there is a great progress in architecture. He built many Stupas and Viharas. He founded two new cities-Devapaltan and Srinagar.
- Asoka respected all the religions. He helped other religons with money as he used to do for Buddhism. It indicates his greatness.
- Asoka had a great empire from Himalayas to Karnataka and from Bay of Bengal to Hindukush and to Arabian Sea in the west.
- Ibn Battuta is one of the most important foreign travellers. He visited India in the 14th century. His works describe the society under the reign of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq.
- He travelled widely and included those things in his text that were unfamiliar. Slaves openly sold in markets like other commodity and were regularly exchanged like gifts.
- Female domestic slaves were very low in price. Families could afford to keep one or two of them. Ibn Battuat’s accounts hints that employing and gifting of slaves was a status symbol and valued gift. When Ibn Battuta reached Sind along with horses, camels; he purchased slaves as gifts for Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq.
- Ibn Battuta reached Multan were he presented the Governor together with a horse, raisins, almonds, and a slave.
- Ibn Battuta informs that Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq-as mark of appreciation presented to Nasiruddin along with 1000 ‘Tankas’ and 200 slaves.
- Ibn Battuta indicates that most female slaves were captured in raids and expeditions. Slaves especially female slaves were employed by Sultan to spy on nobles. These slave girls through female scavengers communicated all the information of the nobles.
- Slave girls were used as a source of entertainment and were experts in music and dance. He said that he enjoyed their performance at the wedding of the Sultan’s sister.
- Slave labour was necessary for domestic chores. They were particularly indispensible for carrying men and women on palanguins.
- It is important to look at Bernier’s account of contemporary Europe. He adopted a distinctive style of constantly comparing with Europe and generally emphasising the superiority of the latter.
- Bernier like other travellers of the 16th and 17th centuries perceived in the Mughal Empire, the emperor owned all the land and distributed it among his nobles.
- Landholders could not pass their land to their children. So they were averse to any long term investment in the sustenance and expansion of production. Fields were overspread with bushes and full of pestilence and marshes.
- Absence of private property in land prevented emergence of a class of improving landlords as in Western Europe.
- Led to ruination of agriculture. Excessive oppression of peasantry continuous decline in living standards of all sections, except ruling aristocracy.
- Bernier described Indian Society-consisted of undifferentiated masses of improvished people subjugated by a small ruling class.
- Between the poorest and the richest no middle was there. His projection of’bleak situation influenced western theories’ and led to the develop of the idea of oriental despotism in the 18 century.
- In the 19th century, the idea further developed as concept of the Asiatic mode of production by Karl Marx.
- Bombay was a state of seven islands. Due to the increase in population these islands joined ‘ together to create more space and new one big city was created.
- From the mid 19th century, with the growth of Bombay’s economy a need was felt to expand railway and shipping and development of the administrative structure.
- Many buildings were constructed at that time. European architectural style was used in these buildings.
- Bungalows and public buildings looked very strange in comparison with traditional Indian buildings. Gradually, Indians adopted the European style of architecture.
- In the same way, British adopted some of the Indian-style to suit their requirements. Government bungalows were the example – as they were constructed on large piece of land and not only maintained privacy for the people living in it having a distance from India world around.
- They had traditional pitched roof and verandah surroundings to keep the bungalow cool. Separate quarters were in the same compound for domestic servants.
- Three architectural styles were used for public buildings, two were prevalent in England and one style was neo-classical or new classical style and had geometrical structures.
- They had lofty pillars in front. They resemlded the style of buildings in the ancient Rome and this style was considered most suitable for the construction of buildings in British India.
- Bombay was the commercial capital of colonial India. It was an important port on the western coast and a big centre of International trade. Half of the import exports of India take place through this by the end of the 19th century.
- Then, Opium was one of the important items of this trade. It was exported to China by the East India company. Indian traders and middle men were partners in this trade. They helped in integrating Bombay’s economy with the opium growing areas. They were Malwa, Rajasthan and Sind.
- Profit from the trade helped in the growth of Indian traders and other capitalist class. It was included the people of many communities – Parsi, Marwari, Gujarati Bania, Konkani Muslim, Bohra, Jew etc.
- Arrival of American cotton was stopped due to the American Civil war that was started in 1861.
- The demand of Indian cotton was increased. It was the great opportunity for Indian capitalists of Bombay for earing big profits.
- Due to the opening of Suez canal in 1869 the link of Bombay with European countries and economy came closer. Government and Indian merchants gained advantage from the opportunity.
- Bombay became as ‘Urbs Prima in India’. By the late 19th century Indian merchants were investing their money in industries like cotton mills.
- All these helped in the building of various activities of the city.
(i) (a) Every home was connected to street drains. The main channels were made of bricks
set in mortar and were covered with bricks that could be removed for cleaning.
(b) House drains first emptied into a sump or cesspit into which solid matter settled while waste water flowed into streets drains.
(ii) (a) Every house had its own bathroom paved with bricks with drains connected through the wall to the street drains.
(b) Many houses had wells, often in a room that could be reached from the outside.
(iii) The drawback of sanitation is that the debris was not always removed when the drain was cleared.
(i) (a) The water tank was built where the two mountains met.
(b) It helped in the accumulation of water from which ever will came; water brought from a distance through the pipes.
(ii) The other sources of water for Vijayanagara were tanks and canals. River Tunghbhadra provided its water for them.
(iii) (a) It was very big project. One mountain was shattered and broken.
(b) Many people were engaged in the gigantic task.
(iv) of the ardos task and difficult terrain.
(i) Salt was destroyed by the colonial government to prevent the use of salt that had not paid the tax.
(ii) (a) Gandhiji felt the need to abolish salt tax as salt constituted basic necessity.
(b) The British were taxing starving people.
(iii) (a) Gandhiji considered salt tax more oppressive than other taxes because he saw it was a four fold curse.
(b) It deprived people of a valuable easy village.
(c) An unheard of tax of more than 1000% was extracted from the starring people.
(2) A – Mumbai B – Amritsar C – Ahmadabad
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