These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 5.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 5
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 5 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos 1 to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(iii) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 – 16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’and significant’ test items.
Answer all the Questions Given Below:
What do you mean by the term ‘kutagarshala’?
Mention two differences between the Alvar and Nayanar saints.
Write two factors which helped growth the Indian capitalist class.
Answer any Five of the Following Questions:
Why is Indus Valley Civilisation also called the Harappan culture? Explain.
Briefly discuss the sources of the Mauryan history.
What is meant by the term ‘jajma. i system’? Explain with example.
“Nastaliq was the art of writing”. Discuss.
Name the revenue system which was introduced in the Bombay Deccan. Explain its features.
Illuminate the tyranny of British government in suppressing the rebellion.
Value Based Question Compulsory.
Read the following passage and answer the question that follow.
“For Swaraj, Hindus, Muslims, Parsis and Sikhs will have to unite. These are steps towards swaraj. The police spies reported those Gandhiji’s meetings were very well attended by villagers of all castes, and by women as well as men. They observed that thousands of volunteers were flocking to the national cause. Among them were many officials government. Which values can be highlighed from the above mentioned passage?
PART – C
Answer All the Questions Given Below:
How was the caste system advantaged and disadvantaged to the Indian society?
How was the critical edition of Mahabharata prepared?
“The rulers of Vijayanagara associated themselves with divinity”. Justify with suitable examples.
Discuss briefly the social and economic conditions of the Vijayanagara Empire.
“The election of 1937 played an important role in the demand for Paskistan”. Justify.
What steps were taken by Mahatma Gandhi to restate the communal harmony during the period of partition?
PART – D
Source Based Questions
Reading the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow:
A prayer to Agni
Here are two verses from the Rigveda invoking Agni, the god of fire, often identified with the sacrificial fire, into which offerings were made so as to reach the other deities: Bring, O strong one, this sacrifice of ours to the gods, O wise one, as a liberal giver. Bestow on us, O priest, abundant food. Agni, obtain, by sacrificing, mighty wealth for us. Procure, O Agni, for ever to him who prays to you (the gift of) nourishment, the wonderful cow. May a son be ours, offspring that continues our line … Verses such as these were composed in a special kind of Sanskrit, known as Vedic Sanskrit. They were taught orally to men belonging to priestly families.
- What were the objectives of the sacrifices ?
- By whom were these sacrifices performed?
- What is the source of this verse? Who has been invoked in it? When were these hymns recited?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follows:
The following is how Ibn Battuta described the coconut: These trees are among the most peculiar trees in kind and most astonishing in habit. They look exactly like date-palms, without any difference between them except that the one produces nuts as its fruits and the other produces dates. The nut of a coconut tree resembles a man’s head, for in it are what look like two eyes and a mouth, and the inside of it when it is green looks like the brain, and attached to it is a fibre which looks like hair. They make from this cords with which they sew up ships instead of (using) iron nails, and they (also) make from it cables for vessels.
- Write the name of two items which held Ibn Battual’s fascination.
- How does he convey a sense that this fruit is unusual?
- What kind of comparison did Ibn Batuta presents to make people understand? Are those comparisons appropriate?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follows.
We have never asked for privileges
Hansa Mehta of Bombay demanded justice for women, not reserved seats, or separate electorates. We have never asked for privileges. What we have asked for is social justice, economic justice, and political justice. We have asked for that equality which alone can be the basis of mutual respect and understanding, without which real cooperation is not possible between man and woman.
- How could the women be empowered economically mention.
- What could be the basis of mutual respect among men and women? Explain.
- Why did Hansa mehtra not demand reserved seats for women? Explain
17.1. On the given political outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols.
(b) Banawali-A mature Harappan site.
17.2. On the same outline map of India three centres related to Buddhist sites have been marked A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(i) Kutagarashala literally means a hut with a pointed roof or grooves where travelling
(ii) These resting places were generally places where philosophical debates took place among teachers on nature of the ultimate reality.
(i) Both Saints belonged to the early Bhakti Movements of Tamil Nadu; started around 6th century AD. Alvars were immersed in devotion to Vishnu, the Nayanar were devotees of Shiva.
(ii) The hymns devoted in Shiva by Mayanars are preserved in Tirumurari whereas which were devoted to Vishnu by Alvar saints are collected in Malayira.
(i) Participation of Indian merchants and middleman, as junior partners in opium trade.
(ii) Upsurge in demand for Indian cotton following Anercen Civil war in 1861.
(i) The Indus Valley Civilisation is known as the Harappan culture.
(ii) This civilisation was first discovered in 1921 at the present site of Harappa situated in the province of west Punjab in Pakistan.
(iii) Archaeologists use the term culture for a group of objects distinctive in style, usually found in a specific area and period of time.
(iv) The distinctive objects include-seals, beads, weights, stone blades and even baked bricks belong to Harappan culture. They were found from areas as-Afghanistan, Jammu, Baluchistan and Gujarat.
(i) ‘Indica’ written by Megasthenes was the most important source of information about the Mauryan period. Megasthenes was a Greek ambassador in the court of Chandragupta Maurya. A beautiful depiction is given by it about the society and administrative system.
(ii) Arthashastra written by Kautilya is another important source of information. It provides a detailed knowledge about the Mauryan administrative system.
(iii) Vishaka Dutta wrote Mudra Rakshash which gives a lot of information about how Chandragupta snatched the reins of rule from the Nanda dynasty.
(iv) The text of Jain and Buddhist religion illuminate on the life and religions views of the Mauryan kings. The inscriptions of Asoka help in understanding the history of the Mauryan age.
(i) The system of Jajmani came into practice after the 16th and 17th centuries. It was in vogue much earlier.
(ii) It meant artisans and peasant householders entered into a mutually negotiated system of remuneration most of the time goods for services. 18th century mentions about the zamindars of Bengal.
(iii) These zamindars remunerated blacksmiths, carpenters and even goldsmiths for their work by paying them a small daily allowance and diet money.
(iv) In Maharashtra village artisans were compensated by villagers for their unique services giving land probably cultivable waste. Such lands became artisans water or miras-their hereditary holding.
(i) Nastaliq was the art of writing or calligraphy. Akbar liked this style as it is a fluid style with long horizontal strokes.
(ii) A piece of trimmed reed with a tip of 5 to 10 mm was used to write. It was called ‘qalam’ dipped in siyahi. Its nib usually split in the middle to facilitate the absorption of siyahi.
(iii) Muhammad Hussain from Kashmir was one of super calligraphers of nastaliq style at Akbar’s court.
(iv) Mohammad Hussain was honoured with the title ‘zarrin qalam’ in recognition of the perfectly proportioned curvature of his letter and beatification.
(i) A new revenue system was introduced in Bombay Deccan by the British. It was known as the Ryotwari settlement.
(ii) The revenue was settled directly with the ryot. All type of soil were taken into consideration and average income of the harvest was calculated.
(iii) Revenue was assessed that how much could be paid by a ryot. The share of state was fixed in proportion to the income of the ryot.
(iv) At the interval of every thirty years, lands were surveyed and revenue rates were hiked accordingly. The demand for revenue was not permanent but temporary.
(i) The Mutiny is known for the way it was suppressed by using the brute force of policing whether it was not one sided. The mutineers also indulged into a horific level.
(ii) Many British officials along with their family members were killed even after they surrendered to the mutineers. The mutineers mercillesly butchered English women and children whenever they were taking bath in the Ganga in Kanpur.
(iii) The company suppressed the rebellions with vengeance. The mutineers who were captured were blown by the canons hanged on trees in countryside and like that. It seemed British government wanted to terrorise the natives.
(iv) The British press played an important role as it forced the company to take an aggressive , stand against mutineers. There was great pressure on the company’s officials to deal ruthlessly with the natives.
(i) Unity in Diversity
(iii) Communal harmony
(iv) Mutual cooperation
(v) National Awakening etc
- Due to caste system people used to marry within their own caste. It led to maintenance of purity of blood. They adopted occupation of their family from their childhood. It helped them to become more specialists in their fields.
- People with bad intentions were generally thrown out of their castes, thus people tried to move on detracted path hardly.
- Poor and needy members of the community, caste were helped by the capables that led to encourage to sense of social service and sense of sacrifice. No problem was in finding the occupation on themself as it was for them after the birth.
- The main fimction of Brahmanas was to give education. Pupils used to be taught by them without any charge. Through the powers of Shuddhi people of other caste could convert to Hinduism. Shakas, Greeks etc became the part of Hindu society.
- People began to think about their own caste instead of national interests. It was a severe blow to the sense of Nationalism. According to the caste system, Kshatriyas were permitted to take military training and part of the army.
- It was too difficult to change hereditary occupation. So, individual development of persons could not move ahead.
- Brahmanas, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas used to consider Shudras as inferior to them and used to hate them. Due to such activities the sense of untouchability was encouraged.
- Brahmanas as well as Kshatriyas, both used to consider themselves superior than other castes which led to increase in mutual differences. Brahmans started some customs for their interests and benefited.
- Under the leadership of eminent Sanskrit Scholar V.S. Sukthankar, very ambitions project was started in 1919 CE. Many scholars decided to make a critical edition of Mahabharata.
- Scholars worked out a method of comparing verses from each manuscript. They sorted all those verses appeared common in all manuscripts. All these were published in several volumes running into 1300 pages. It took 47 years to complete the project.
- There were many similarities in various elements of Sanskrit version of the story. All these found in all the manuscripts that stretched from Kashmir and Nepal in north and to Kerala, Tamil Nadu in South.
- A number of regional variations came in the light as the epic had been transmitted over the centuries. These were written as foot notes and appendices to the main texts. Pages in large numbers are devoted to these variations whenever they were taken together.
- These variations could be reflected in the complete process which shaped before and after
social histories through dialogues between dominant traditions and resilient local ideas and practices.
- Information about all these processes is based on those Sanskrit texts which were written by Brahmans for themselves. In 19th and 20th centuries, historians explored these texts.
- Historians believed that, what is written in the texts, could have been practised really. Many scholars studied many other traditions later with the help of Pali, Prakrit and Tamil texts.
- Such studies mentioned that the ideas contained in normative Sanskrit texts were identified as authoritative. Sometimes, they were questioned and sometimes rejected.
- The rulers of Vijayanagar associated themselves with divinity. By construction of the capital Vijayanagara in area, that as per local traditions had claim to divinity.
- The sacred centre as per archaeologists and scholars was at the rocky northern end of the city on the banks of the Tungabhadra.
- These hills sheltered the Monkey Kingdom of Bali and Sukriva mentioned in the Ramayana. Other traditions suggest that Pampadevi, the local mother goddess, did penance in these hills in order to marry Virupaksha, the guardian deity of the kingdom, also recognised as a form of Shiva.
- Rulers of Vijayanagara encouraged temple building. The deity was identified with the king. Royal portrait sculpture was displayed in the temples and kings visited to temples were treated as important state occasions on which he was accompanied by important nayaks of the Empire.
- Apart from choosing a site of the capital marked by existence of shrines of Virupaksha and Pampadevi, the kings claimed to rule on behalf of God Virupaksha.
- The Vijaynagara kings claimed to rule on behalf of God Virupaksha. All royal orders were signed as ‘Shri Virupaksha’ using Kannada script. Kings remarked their close links with gods by using the title Hindu Suratrana that literally meant Hindu Sultan.
- It needs to be noted, that temples in early medieval times worked not only as centres of learning but as important religious; social, cultural and economic centres.
- Rules constructing, repairing; maintaining temples by giving grants of land were important means employed for winning support and recognitions for power wealth and piety.
(A) Social conditions:
- The Vijaynagara empire was divided into different castes and sub castes. The Brahamans in the society were highly respected and occupied an important placed in the society.
- If a crime is committed then they were not foigiven. They were punished except death penalty. The Brahmans led a simple life and were acted as a sole model for others.
- Women were highly respected in Vijaynagara empire. They had attained higher education and made an immense contribution in the field of literature.
- Malpractices were also prevalent in the society. Dowry was in rogue. People belonging to higher caste used to have a large number of wives. Prostitution was also prevalent in the society. People were fond of entertainment and enjoyed hunting, horse riding, dance, music etc.
(B) Economic condition:
- Vijayanagara Empire was very prosperous. Agriculture was the main sources of income and land revenue. It was called Raya Rekha.
- Land revenue was fixed between one-forth to one-sixth of the total produce. To improve the agriculture, canals were dug out to provide irrigation facilities to the people.
- The prosperity of the agriculture, trade and industry was also flourishing. Textile and metal industries were very important. The villagers were excelled in making terracotta pottery.
- Trade was carried through ports. It was through these ports, trade was carried with Africa, Malaya, Vijayanagar import was less than export as goods made in Vijayanagara empire were in great demand.
- Politics of Muslim league was increasingly separatist after 1937 elections. The debacle of the Muslim league in this election played an important role. Only 10 to 12% population had the right to vote. The Muslim League fared badly.
- League was failed to win a single seat in NWFP. It captured 2 out of 84 reserved constituencies in Punjab, and 3 out of 33 in Sind. It polled only 4.4% of total Muslim vote.
- The Congress won absolute majority in five out of eleven provinces forming governments in them. This debacle led the Muslim League to adopt a new line of politics to create a mass base.
- Congress rejected League’s offer to make government in united Provinces jointly where Congress had won an absolute majority and convinced it that if India stayed united then Muslims would find difficult to gain political power.
- League to be recognised as sole spokesman of Muslims, could not retain the ground as the elections reflected the social base of the League was fairly weak.
- Muslim League organised and mobilised the masses giving a new aim-a separatist state by adopting the Pakistan Resolution on March 23, 1940.
- These elections generated force in the demand for Pakistan because they led to the Muslim League to adopt new segment of politics; politicisation of the Muslim masses. The base of the League expanded after the result of election of 1945-46.
- The Muslim league became a political power and pressurized the Congress and the British. The demand was a mere bargaining strategy. It was the elections of 1937 that led to the urgency to be the cause of such a demand.
- Gandhiji took many steps to restore communal harmony in the country after the turmoil of partition of the country.
- Gandhiji was the follower of non-violence. He was convinced that it could change the heart of people.
- Gandhiji moved from the villages of Nab Khali (West Bengal) then visited villages in Bihar. He visited to the slum areas in Delhi and Calculta.
- Everywhere he visited, stopped Hindus and muslims from killing each other. He took heroic steps to stop communal violence. Gandhiji assured protection to all members of minority communities.
- Gandhiji went to East Bengal in Oct 1946, Muslims were killing the minority Hindus where he persuaded the local muslims to quarantee safety of Hindus. He behaved as the mediator between the Hindus and the Muslims.
- He developed mutual trust and confidence between the Hindus and the Muslims. He exorted – the people of Delhi on 28 Nov. 1947 to protect all the Muslims.
- Gandhiji started his fast to bring a change of heart. Hindus, Sikhs and others observed fast along with Gandhiji. Its effect was very deepened. He strengthened Hindu-Muslim unity even sacrificed his life.
(i) Sacrifices to the Agni God were performed with the objectives of gaining food, cows, sins, good health.
(ii) (a) These sacrifices were performed collectively by heads of households.
(b) By chiefs and kings-Rajavasya and Ashvamedha.
(c) It was possibly used for providing herbs, and spices for making currier.
(iii) (a) The source of this verse is Rigveda.
(b) It has been invoked to Agni god.
(c) The hymns compiled in Rigveda were recited on the eve when yajanas were performed.
(i) Coconut and Paan.
(ii) (a) The nut resembles a man’s head.
(b) The fibre on the fruit which looks like human hair, is used to make cords and cables for shipping vessels.
(iii) (a) Ibn Battuta compares coconuts with human head as the resembles to human head.
(b) It has two eyes and a mouth and its inner part is grown, which look like the brain.
(c) The fiber attached to it look like hair.
(i) (a) By equal right to property and access to education to hold jobs to empower them economically.
(b) Equal opportunities for jobs and equal pay.
(ii) (a) Equality and cooperation between genders.
(b) Women being treated at par with men.
(iii) (a) Hansa Mehta did not demand reserved seats and separate electorates for women because she realised not only would it be divisive in nature but create resentment.
(b) She did not went privileges for women but to empower them by their own efforts.
(c) The saying goes not to give them fish but should teach them to catch the fish so that they could become self-sufficient and not dependent.
(2) (A) Nagarjunakonda (B) Sanchi (C) Nasik
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