These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 7
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 7
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|CBSE Sample Papers
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 7 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
How did Paul Vidal de La Blache define Geography?
Name two countries with medium density of population of Europe.
Give any two examples of quaternary activities.
Which is the eastern terminal city of east-west corridor?
Name railway line that was constructed between Roha in Maharashtra and Mangalore in Karnataka.
Name any two diseases that are caused by air pollution.
Mention two natural sources of water pollution in India.
Explain the significance of age structure.
Differentiate between growth and development with example.
What is balance of trade9 [low does it become favourable or unfavourable? Explain with example
Write the important features of Nucleated settlements.
Which are the sustainable energy resources in India? Describe two major properties of sustainable energy resources.
Crop failures and low returns from agriculture have forced farmers to fall in the trap of indebtedness. In result many of them have lost their lives. By which human values their lives may he saved?
Describe any five characteristics of commercial livestock rearing practised in different parts of the world.
Explain the main characteristics of rail transport in Europe.
“Air transport plays an important role in the international trade.” Support the statement.
Why are sugar mills concentrated in the sugarcane-producing areas in India? Explain.
What is the use of manganese? Describe the state-wise distribution of manganese.
Describe the watershed development and management programme initiated by the central and state government.
Describe the main characteristics of road transport in India.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) Largest country of the continent in terms of area
(B) An area having high density of population
(C) A mega city
(D) A major seaport
(E) An airport
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) An international airport situated in Telangana
(ii) A software technology park situated Uttar Pradesh
(iii) A seaport which was developed to relieve the pressure of Chennai port.
(iv) An oil refinery situated in Gujarat.
(v) A leading producer state of ‘Rice’.
According to La Blacourhe, Geography is the conception resulting from a more syncretic knowledge of the physical laws governing our earth and of the relations between the living beings
which inhabit it.”
Norway and Sweden.
(i) The collection, production and dissemination of information.
(ii) Personnel working in office building, elementary schools, university class rooms, etc.
Asthma and T.B.
(i) use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides
(ii) Industrial effluents
(i) Age structure represents the number of people of different age groups.
(ii) It is an important indicator of population composition, since a large size of population in the age group of 15-59 indicates a large working populations.
(iii) It helps in planning process and estimates future population.
Difference between growth and development:
(A) Both growth and development refer to changes over period of time. The difference is that growth is a quantitative and value neutral. It may have a positive or negative sign. It means that the change may be either positive or negative.
(B) Development means a qualitative change which is always value positive. It means that development can not take place unless there is an increment or addition to the existing conditions. It occurs when positive growth take place. Yet positive growth does not always led to development. Development occurs when there is a positive change in quality.
(a) Balance of trade records the volume of good and services imported as well as exported by a country to other countries.
(b) Favourable/positive balance of trade: when the value of export is more than that of imports for a country then that country has a positive balance of trade.
(c) Unfavourable/Negative balance of trade means a country spends more on buying goods (imports) that it earns by selling (exports) to other countries-leading to exhaustion of its financial reserves.
(i) These settlements are those in which large number of houses are built very close to each other.
(ii) These settlements develop along river valleys and in fertile plains.
(iii) Here, communities are closely knit and share common occupation.
(i) Non-conventional Energy sources are the sustainable energy resources, (solar, wind, hydro-geothermal and bio-mass).
(ii) These energy sources are more equitably distributed and environmental friendly.
(iii) The non-conventional energy sources will provide more sustained eco-friendly cheaper energy after the initial cost is taken care of.
Human values –
(i) Provision for government banking facilities.
(ii) Cooperation to be given by local bodies/govemment machineries.
(iii) Subsidy to be provided by government
(iv) Social Welfare
Commercial Livestock Rearing:
(i) Commercial livestock rearing is more organised and capital intensive.
(ii) Commercial livestock ranching is essentially associated with western cultures and is practised on permanent ranches.
(iii) These ranches cover large areas and are divided into a number of parcels, which are fenced to regulate the grazing. As the grass of one parcel is grazed, animals are moved to another parcel.
(iv) The number of animals in a pasture is kept according to the carrying capacity of the pasture. If It is a specialised activity in which only one type of animal is reared,
(v) Important animals include sheep, cattle, goats and horses. Products such as meat, wool, hides and skin are processed and packed scientifically and exported to different world markets. Rearing of animals in ranching is organised on a scientific basis.
Rail transport in Europe:
(i) Europe has one of the most dense rail networks in the world. There are 4,40,000 km of railways most of which is double or multiple tracked.
(ii) Belgium has the highest density of 1 km of railway for every 6.5 km area. The important rail heads are London, Paris, Brussels, Milan, Berlin and Warsaw.
(iii) Passenger transport is more important than freight in many of these countries. Underground railways are important in London and Paris. Channel tunnel operated by Euro Tunnel Group through England, connects London and Paris.
(iv) In Russia, railways account for about 90 per cent of the country’s total transport with a very dense network west of the Urals. Moscow is the most important rail head with major , lines radiating to different parts of the country’s vast geographical area. Underground
railway commuter trains are also important in Moscow.
(v) Trans-continental railways lines have now lost their importance to quicker and move flexible transport systems of airways and roadways.
(i) Air transport is the fastest means of transportation but it is very costly. It plays an important role in international trade.
(ii) Valuable cargo can be moved rapidly on a worldwide scale. It is the only means to reach inaccessible areas. Air transport has brought about a connectivity revolution in the world.
(iii) The frictions created by mountainous snow fields or inhospitable desert terrains have been overcome and the accessibility has increased. The aeroplane brings varied articles to the Eskimos in Northern Canada.
(iv) Travel by air can now be measured by hours. Frequent air services are available to many parts of the world. United Kingdom pioneered the use of commercial jet transport.
(v) Today more than 250 commercial airlines offer regular services to different parts of the world.
(i) Sugarcane is a crop of tropical areas under rainfed conditions. It is cultivated in sub-humid and humid climates. It is an irrigated crop in India.
(ii) The sugar industry is the second most important agro-based industry in the country. India is the largest producer of both sugarcane and cane sugar and contribute about 8% of the total sugar production.
(iii) Khandsari, and gur are also prepared from sugar. Sugar mills are located near the sugarcane production belt nearby as it is a weight losing crop. The ratio of sugar to sugarcane varies between 9 to 12% depending on its variety. It is a seasonal industry due to the availability of raw materials which is seasonal. It provides employment for 4 lakh people.
(iv) Its sucrose content begins to dry during haulage after it has been harvested from the field. Better recovery of sugar is dependent upon it being crushed within 24 hours of its harvesting Sugar factories are located within the cane producing regions.
(v) Maharastra has emerged as a leading sugar producer in the country and produces more than one third of total production. Uttar Pradesh is the second largest producer of sugar. Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh. Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, MP and Gujarat are the sugarcane producing states.
Manganese is an important raw material for smelting of iron ore and also used for manufacturing ferro alloys.
(i) Manganese deposits are found in almost all geological formations. However, it is mainly associated with Dharwar system.
(ii) Odisha is the leading producer of Manganese. Major mines in Odisha are located in central part of the iron-ore belt of India—Bonai, Keonjhar, Sundergarh, Gangpur, Koraput Kalahandi and Bolangir.
(iii) Karnataka is another major producer state. Its mines are located in Dharwar, Bellary, Belgaum, North-Canara, Chikmagalur, Shimoga, Chitradurg and Tumkur.
(iv) It is also found in Maharashtra and mined in Nagpur, Bhandara and Ratnagiri. It is much more far away from steel plant.
(v) The manganese belt of Madhya Pradesh extends in a belt in Balaghat-Chhindwara- Nimar-Mandla and Jhabua districts. Andhra Pradesh, Goa and Jharkhand are other minor producers of managanese.
Watershed Management basically refers to efficient management and conservation of surface and groundwater resources.
Programmes: The central and state governments have initiated many watershed development and management programmes in the country.
(i) Haryali: It is a watershed development project sponsored by the central government which aim at enabling the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and afforestation. It is being executed by Gram Panchayats with people participation.
(ii) Neeru-Meeru (Water and you) programme in Andhra Pradesh and Arvary Pani Sansad in (Alwar-Rajasthan). These have taken up constructions of various water-harvesting structures—percolation tanks, dug out ponds, check dams through people participation.
(iii) Tamil Nadu has made water harvesting structures in the houses compulsory. No building can be constructed without making structure for water harvesting.
(iv) Watershed development projects in some areas have been successful in rejuvenating environment and economy. In majority of cases, the programme is still in its nascent stage. There is a need to generate awareness regarding benefits of watershed development and management among the people.
Main Characteristics of Road transport in India:
(i) India has one of the largest road networks in the world with a total length of 42.5 lakh km (2008-09).
(ii) About 85% of passengers and 70% of freight traffic are carried by roads every year. Road transport is relatively suitable for shorter distance travel.
(iii) Road construction is easy than railways. It is very effective mode of transport in the country like India. Therefore, roads play a vital role in the country’s trade and commerce and promoting tourism.
(iv) Transportation of milk and other dairy products, and vegetables, is very easy to their destination through roads in short span of time. Passengers can use road transport according to their suitability.
(v) A developed network of roads is in operation and providing all the facilities. They provide strong base to develop social, economic and political relations among the people as well as states.
Roads make the security of nation more strong as they are strategically important.
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