These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 6
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 6
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|CBSE Sample Papers
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
Name any two sparsely populated regions of the world having less than 01 persons per sq km.
What is the main objective of development according to Nobel laureate Prof Amartya Sen?
What is the main motive of trade?
Define the term tourism.
What is the density of population of India according to 2011 census?
Name the two metropolitan cities of Punjab.
What is the main function of NHAI?
Define Human Geography. Give four examples of elements of material culture created by humans using the resources provided by nature.
Explain any three features of Welfare Approach to ‘Human Development’.
How does erratic monsoon pose a great problem to Indian agriculture? Explain.
Describe important characteristics of the mineral region of South-Western plateau of India.
Explain responsible factors for the development of Iron and steel industry in Eastern India.
Vast majority of people are compelled to live under abject poverty and sub-human conditions. By which human values such people can be empowered to get and fulfill their opportunities?
Name the economic activities. What are their role? How do secondary activities add value to natural resources?
Where is intensive subsistence farming done in the world? What are its two types? Describe any two characteristics of each type.
Explain the merits and demerits of road transport in the world
Explain any five concerns related to international trade of the world.
Discuss the evolution of towns in India.
A national water policy was implemented in India in 2002. The policy stipulates progressive new approaches to water management. Describe its key features.
In which five year plan ‘Drought Prone Area’ Programme was initiated in India? State any four objectives of the programme.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A mega city
(B) A major airport
(C) An major seaport
(D) A largest country of the continent in terms of area
(E) A high tech industry centre (Technopolis)
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) Most urbanised state (In population)
(ii) A state having highest density of population
(iii) A leading producer state of Groundnut.
(iv) A seaport situated in Kerala
(v) An International airport situated in Punjab
(i) The hot and the cold deserts
(ii) High rainfall zones near the equator.
Increase in freedom or decrease in unfreedom.
The main motive of trade is exchange to goods and services.
Tourism is travel undertaken for purposes of recreation rather than business.
382 person per sq km.
Amritsar and Ludhiana.
NHAI is entrusted with the responsibility of development, maintenance and operation of National Highways.
(A) Human geography is the synthetic study of relationship between human societies and earth’s
(B) (i) Human beings interact with their physical environment with the help of technology.
(ii) It is not important what human beings produce and create, it is extremely important with the help of what tools and techniques do they produce and create.
(iii) Technology indicates the level of cultural development of society. Human beings were able to develop technology after they developed better understanding of natural laws—The concepts of friction and heat helped us discover tire.
Importance of welfare approach:
(i) It looks at human beings as beneficiaries or targets of all development activities.
(ii) It argues for higher government expenditure on education, health, social security and amenities. People are not participants in development but only passive recipients.
(iii) According to this the government is responsible for increasing levels of human development by maximising expenditure on welfare.
(i) Irrigation covers only about 33 percent of the cultivated area in India. The crop production in rest of the cultivated land directly depends on rainfall.
(ii) Monsoon adversely affects the supply of canal water for irrigation. The rainfall in Rajasthan and other drought prone areas is meager and highly unreliable.
(iii) The areas receiving high annual rainfall experience considerable fluctuations. This makes them vulnerable to both droughts and floods. Drought is a common phenomenon in low rainfall areas which experience occasional floods.
(i) This belt extends over Karnataka. Goa and contiguous Tamil Nadu uplands and Kerala. It is rich in ferrous metals and bauxite.
(ii) It contains high grade iron ore, manganese and limestone. This belt lacks in coal deposits except Neyveli lignite.
(iii) This belt does not have as diversified mineral deposits as the north-eastern belt. Kerala has deposits of monazite and thorium, bauxite and clay. Goa has iron ore deposits.
(i) Location of industries is influenced by several factors like access to raw materials, power, market, capital, transport and labour. There is strong relationship between raw material and type of industry. Eastern India is the most rich region in the context.
(ii) The other raw materials besides iron ore and coking coal for iron and steel industry are limestone, dolomite, manganese and fine clay. All these raw materials are gross. So, the best location for iron and steel plants is near the source of raw materials.
(iii) It is a crescent shaped region comprising parts of Chhattisgarh, Northern Odisha, Jharkhand and western-West Bengal, which is rich in high grade iron ore and coking coal and other supplementing raw material, power and water.
(i) To provide equal access to opportunities
(ii) Access to resources, health and education
(iii) To empower the people to make choices.
- There are many economic activities—
- They revolve around obtaining and utilising resources necessary for survival.
- (i) Secondary activities add value to natural resources by transforming raw materials into valuable products.
(ii) Cotton in the boll has limited use but after it is transformed into yam becomes more valuable and can be used for making clothes.
(iii) Iron ore after being converted into steel it gets its value and can be used for making many valuable machines, tools etc.
- Intensive subsistence farming is done in many parts of China, Japan, India etc.
- (i) Intensive subsistence agriculture dominated by wet paddy cultivation.
(ii) Intensive subsidence agriculture dominated by crops other than paddy,
- (I) Characteristics of Wet Paddy cultivation
(i) It is characterised by dominance of the rice crop. Land holdings are very small due to the high density of population.
(ii) Farmers work with the help of family labour leading to intensive use of land. Use of machinery is limited and most of agricultural operation are done by manual labour. The yield per unit acre is high but per labour productivity is low.
(II) Intensive subsidence agriculture is dominated by crops other than paddy:—
(i) Due to the difference in relief, climate, soil and some of the other geographical factors, it is not practical to grow paddy in many parts of monsoon area.
(ii) Wheat, soyabean, barley and Sorghum are grown in northern China, Manchuria, North Korea and North Japan. In India, wheat is grown in Western parts of the Indo-Gangetic plains and millets are grown in dry parts of western and southern India.
Merits and demerits of road transport.
(i) Road transport is the most economical for short distances compared to others like railways.
(ii) Freight transport by road is gaining importance because it offers door-to-door service.
(iii) Roads play a vital role in a nation’s trade and commerce and for promoting tourism.
(iv) Construction of roads is not so expensive.
(i) The quality of the roads varies greatly between developed and developing countries as road construction and maintenance require heavy expenditure.
(ii) Road are not effective and serviceable for all seasons. During rainy season they become unmotorable became handicapped during heavy rain and floods.
(iii) The world’s road system in the developing countries is not well developed.
(i) International tfade is mutually beneficial to nations if it leads to regional specialisation, higher level of production, better standard of living, world wide availability of goods and services; equalisation of prices and wages and diffusion of knowledge and culture.
(ii) International trade can prove to be detrimental to nations as it leads to dependence on other countries, uneven levels of development, exploitation and commercial rivalry leading to wars.
(iii) Global trade affects many aspects of life, it can impact every thing from the environment to health and well being of the people around the world.
(iv) As countries compete to trade more production and the use of natural resources spiral up, resources get used up faster than they can be replenished.
(v) Marine life is also depleting fast, forests are being cut down and river basins sold off to private drinking water companies. Multinational corporations trading in oil, gas mining, pharmaceuticals and agri-business keep expanding their operations at all costs creating more pollution.
Evolution of Towns in India:
(A) Towns flourished since prehistoric times in India. Harappa and Mohanjodaro were the example of towns of Indus Valley civilisation. On the basis of their evolution in different periods, Indian towns are classified into three as follow: Ancient towns, Medieval towns and Modem towns.
- Ancient towns:
(i) There are number of towns in India having historical background spanning over 2000 years.
(ii) Most of the towns developed as religious and cultural centres. Varanasi is one of the important towns among these. Prayag (Allahabad), Patliputra (Patna), Madurai are some other examples of ancient tow ns in the country.
- Ancient towns: About 100 of the existing towns have their roots in the medieval period. Most of them developed as headquarters of principalities and kingdoms. These are Fort towns which came up on the mins of ancient towns. Delhi, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Agra are the important examples.
- Modern towns:
(i) The British and other Europeans have developed a number of towns in India – starting their foothold on coastal locations.
(ii) They first developed trading ports, first—Surat, Daman, Goa, etc. Later, British consolidated their hold around three principal nodes-Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. British established their administrative centres, hill towns as summer resorts and added new civil administrative and military areas to them.
The National Water Policy 2002 stipulates w ater allocation priorities broadly in an order—
drinking water, irrigation, hydropower, navigation, industrial and other uses.
Its key features are as follow:
(i) Irrigation and multi-purpose projects should invariably include drinking water component, wherever there is no alternative source of drinking water.
(ii) Providing drinking water to all human beings and animals should be the first priority.
(iii) Measures should be taken to limit and regulate the exploitation of groundwater.
(iv) Both surface and groundwater should be regularly monitored for quality. A phased programme should be undertaken for improving water quality.
(v) The efficiency of utilisation in all the diverse uses of water should be improved.
(vi) Awareness of water as a scarce resource should be fostered.
(vii) Conservation consciousness should be promoted through education, regulation, incentives and disincentives.
Drought Prone Area Programme:
(I) This programme was initiated during the Fourth Five Year Plan:
(i) Its objectives were to provide employment to the people in drought-prone areas and creating productive assets.
(ii) It laid emphasis on the construction of labour-intensive civil works, later on, it emphasised on irrigation projects, and development programmes, afforestation grassland development and creation of basic rural infrastructure.
(iii) Other strategies include adoption of integrated watershed development approach at micro level.
(iv) The restoration of ecological balance between water, soil, plants and human and animal population should be a basic consideration in the strategy of development of drought-prone areas.
(v) Irrigation Commission (1972) introduced the criterion of 30 per cent irrigated area and demarcated the drought-prone areas.
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