These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 5
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 5
|Sample Paper Set
|CBSE Sample Papers
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 5 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
Name any two densely populated regions of Asia having more than 200 persons per sq. km.
Name the two South Asian economists who worked together to bring out the initial Human Development Report.
Which is the world’s single largest tertiary activity?
Name the dominating linguistic family of India.
Name any two metropolitan cities of Andhra Pradesh.
Which agency of Government constructs and maintains the state highways in India?
Why has the share of petroleum products increased in India’s international trade?
Discuss any three characteristics of handloom industry of the world.
Explain three important aspect of International trade.
Describe any three characteristics of dairy farming practised in different parts of the world.
How has tourism become single largest tertiary activity? What type of industries are fostered by tourism? Tourism is seasonal in some regions. Why?
Study the diagram given and answer the questions that follow:
12.1 Name the steel plant shown in the given diagram.
12.2 On which principle this plant was set up?
12.3 From where does this plant get water and Hydel power?
In the rural areas male-selective out migration leaving their wives behind puts extra physical as well mental pressure on the women. By which human values can the physical and mental pressure on the women may be released?
Why are the modem manufacturing industries concentrated in few places in the world? Explain.
Which is the longest railway line in North-America? Describe its economic significance.
Discuss the environmental problems of the urban settlements in the developing countries of the world.
Explain economic consequences of migration on both the internal and international areas in India.
How has enlargement of urban centres and emergence of new towns played an important role in the growth of urban population and urbanisation in the country? Explain.
Explain the role of Indian Railways in development of the country.
How has mass communication system gained popularity and changed the socio-economic and cultural life of people in India? Explain with example.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A mega city
(B) A major airport
(C) An inland waterways
(D) A major sea port
(E) An area of nomadic herding of the world
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) Ap International Airport situated in Assam
(ii) A major seaport situated in Odisha
(iii) A headquarter city of Eastern Railways
(iv) A Software Technology Park situated in Gujarat
(v) An oil refinery situated in Punjab
South and South-East Asia.
Dr. Mahbub-ul-Haq and Dr. Amartya Sen.
Indo-European (Aryan) 73%.
Public Works Department (PWD).
Petroleum and petroleum products are imported in large scale because their demands are increased due to rising of industrialisation and better standard of living.
(i) Elandloom sector is labour-intensive and provides employment to semi skilled workers.
(ii) It requires small capital investment.
(iii) This sector involves spinning, weaving and finishing of the fabrics.
International trade has three important aspects as follows:
(i) Volume of Trade: The actual tonnage of goods traded makes up the volume, however services traded can not be measured in tonnage. So, the total value of goods and services traded is considered to be the volume of trade.
(ii) Composition of Trade: It refers to the items of which trade consists of. The nature of goods and services imported and exported by countries have undergone changes during the last century. Trade of primary products was dominant in the beginning of the last century.
(iii) Direction of Trade: It refers to the countries with which a country has trade relations. Like India’s majority of trade was with U.K. during colonial rule. The developing countries of the present used to export valuable goods and artefacts etc. which were exported to European countries. European countries started exporting manufactured goods in exchange of food stuffs and raw materials from their colonies. Europe, USA and Japan emerged as major trade blocs in the world and leader in the trade of manufactured goods.
Main characteristics of Dairy farming:
(i) It is highly capital intensive, Animal sheds, storage facilities for fodder, feeding and milching machines add to the cost of dairy farming.
(ii) Special emphasis is laid on cattle breeding, health care and veterinary services.
(iii) It is also highly labour intensive field, it involves rigorous care in feeding and milching. There is no off season during the year as in the case of crop raising.
(iv) It is practised mainly near urban and industrial centres. (Any three)
(a) Tourism has become the world’s single largest tertiary activity as it registered total jobs of 250 million and total revenue 40% of the total GDP.
Many local people are employed to provide services—meals, accommodation, transport, serving etc.
(b) Tourism fosters the growth of infrastructure industries, retail trading and craft industries.
(c) In some regions, tourism is seasonal because the vacation period is dependent on favourable weather conditions but many regions are open all the year round.
12.2 This plant was set up on the principle of transportation cost minimisation by creating Bokaro Rourkela combine.
12.3 Plant gets power and water from Damodar Valley Corporation.
(ii) Social respect and feeling of gratitude
(iii) Make them empowered in all respect. (Women Empowerment)
(i) Major concentrations of modem manufacturing have flourished in a few number of places. These cover less than 10% of the world’s land area.
(ii) However, in terms of the total area covered, manufacturing sites are much less conspicuous and concentrated on much smaller areas than that of agriculture due to greater intensity of processes.
(iii) High tech is the latest generation of manufacturing activities. Professional workers make up for large number of the total work force.
(iv) These professionally skilled workers are located in urban areas. Due to high rent in the central areas of the cities, they situate themselves in the periphery.
(v) The industry is situated in the periphery because of the low rent, and also because of the closeness to the urban centres which provide them with availability of the workers.
(vi) These industries are set up near the urban centres where adequate space is available. Their situation near urban places helps them to gain access to the urban market and also to tap the skilled workforce that is available therein due to availability of educational institutes.
Trans Canadian Railways is the longest railway line in the North-America. It is 7050 km. Important stations are Montreal, Ottawa, Winnipeg and Calgary.
(i) It gained economic significance as it connected the Quebec-Montreal Industrial Region with the Wheat belt of the Prairie Region.
(ii) It connects Coniferous forest region in the north, each of these regions became
complementary to the other.
(iii) A loop line from Winnipeg to Thunder Bay connects this rail line with one of the important
waterways of the world.
(iv) This line is the economic artery of Canada. Wheat and meat are the important exports on this route.
(i) The large urban population in developing countries not only uses but also disposes of a huge quantity of water and all types of waste materials.
(ii) Many cities of the developing countries find extremely difficult to provide the minimum required quantity of potable water and water for domestic and industrial uses.
(iii) An improper sewerage system creates unhealthy conditions. Massive use of traditional fuel in the domestic as well as the industrial sector severely pollutes the air.
(iv) Domestic and industrial wastes are thrown into the general sewerages or dumped without treatment at unspecified locations. Huge concrete structures erected to accommodate the population, play a major role to create heat islands.
(v) Urban-rural linking are of crucial importance for the sustainability of human settlements. Rural to urban migration has steadily increased in developing countries, which put an great pressure on urban infrastructure and services that are under serious stress.
(a) A major benefit for the source region is the remittance sent by migrants. Remittances from the international migrants are one of the major sources of foreign exchange.
(b) In 2002, India received US$ 11 billion as remittances from international migrants.
(c) Punjab, Kerala and Tamil Nadu receive very significant amount from their international migrants.
(d) The amount of remittances sent by the internal migrants is very meagre in comparison to international migrants. But it plays an important role in the growth of economy of the source area. Remittances are mainly used for food, repayment of debts, medical treatment, marriages, children’s education, agricultural inputs, construction of houses, etc.
(e) For thousands of the poor villages of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, etc. remittance works as life blood for their economy.
(f) Migration from rural areas of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha to the rural areas of Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh accounted for the success of their green revolution strategy for agricultural development.
(i) Urbanisation refers to development of villages and rural areas into towns with high standard of living and civic amenities.
(ii) The level of urbanisation is measured in terms of percentage of urban population to the total population. The level of urbanisation in India in 2001 was 28 per cent which is quite low in comparison to developed countries.
(iii) Total urban population has increased eleven fold during 20th century. Enlargement of urban centres and emergence of new towns have played a significance role in the growth of urban population and urbanisation in the country.
(iv) After independence large number of towns have been developed as administrative head-quarters. Some old towns also developed as satellite towns around metropolitan cities such as Ghaziabad, Gurugram, around Delhi. A large number of medium and small-towns have developed all over the country.
(v) According to census of India, urban centres are classified into six classes—class 1 town, metropolitan cities, mega cities etc. Majority of metropolitan cities and mega cities are urban agglomerations. In the evidence of data, more than 60 per cent of urban population in India lives in class I towns. Out of 423 cities, 35 cities/urban agglomeration are metropolitan cities. Six of them are mega cities, 21% of urban population lives in these mega cities. Greater Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Bengaluru and Hyderabad are the mega cities.
Role of Railways in the development of country:
(i) Indian Railways network is one of the longest in the world. It facilitates the movement of both freight and passengers and contributes to the growth of economy.
(ii) It is the largest government undertaking in the country, with the network of 64,460 km, as on 31 March 2011.
(iii) Areas around towns, raw material producing areas, plantation and other commercial crops, hill stations, garrison towns were connected by railways during the British colonial era.
(iv) After Independence, railway routes have been extended to other areas too. The most significant development has been the development of Konkan Railway along the western coast providing a direct link between Mumbai and Mangalore.
(v) Railway continues to remain as the main means of transport all over the country. Its network is relatively less dense in the hill states, north eastern states, central parts of India and Rajasthan. Other than transport, Indian railways brought people of diverse cultures together to contribute to India’s freedom struggle.
(A) People use different modes of communication to convey the messages. T.V, Radio and Satellite communication are the part of mass communication. They play an important role in the mass communication.
(B) It changed the socio-economic and cultural life of people as they get benefited:—
(i) All India Radio broadcasts a variety of programmes related to information, education and entertainment.
(ii) Special news bulletins are also broadcast at specific occasions like session of Parliament and State Legislatures.
(iii) They are used for the purpose of advertisement of various products. They are used to create awareness on government policies and programmes.
(iv) They are also used to create awareness about various diseases and their precautions. In this way they act as public health measures.
(v) Weather forecasting information, important facts and figures reach to general public only through radio and TV.
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