These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 4
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 4
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 4|
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 4 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
Which are the two natural components of population growth in the world?
What is the achievement of Dr. Mehboob-ul-Haq in the field of human development?
What was the main aim to form GATT by some countries of the world?
How were the difficulties of barter system overcome?
Which migration stream of females is dominant in both inter-state and intra-state migration in India?
Which state of India has the highest HDI value? What is the HDI value of that state?
Name the two metropolitan cities of Madhya Pradesh.
How does nature get humanised? Explain with example.
Study the given age-sex pyramid and answer the questions that follow.
9.1. What is the trend.of population growth shown in the above given population pyramid?
9.2. Write two characteristics of such a population pyramid.
How do socio-economic factors determine the distribution pattern of population in India? Discuss.
How are rural settlements different from the urban settlements in India? Explain.
Classify rainfed farming in India into two categories on the basis of adequacy of soil moisture. Write main features of each.
India is a country of cultural activities such as pilgrimage, religious fairs and tourism which cause surface water pollution. Which human values may be used to minimise or control the threatening pollution problem?
Describe important features of extensive commercial grain farming practised in various parts of the world.
What do you mean by Medical Tourism? Which country has emerged as the leading country of medical tourism? How did it become possible? How does it benefit the developing countries?
Discuss the economic significance of the longest railway line of the world.
Discuss the problems of rural settlements in the developing countries of the world.
Why is density and quality of road relatively better in plains as compared to roads in high altitudes, rainy and forested areas of India? Explain.
Explain any five steps taken by the government of India to promote international trade.
When was Bharmaur region of Himachal Pradesh notified as a tribal area? Discuss any four characteristics of this region.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) Area having low density of population
(B) A country having low growth rate of population
(C) An Inland waterways
(D) A major Airport
(E) A mega city
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(A) A state having low level of Human Development Index
(B) A leading producer state of cotton
(C) An iron ore mine situated in Karnataka
(D) A coal mine situated in Odisha
(E) An industrial region situated in West-Bengal
Birth rate and Death rate.
The concept of Human Development was introduced by Dr. Mahbub-ul-Haq. He described human development as that process which enlarges people choice and improve their lives.
GATT was formed by some countries in 1994 as permanent institution for looking after the promotion of free and fair trade amongst nations.
The difficulties of barter system were overcome by the introduction of money.
Rural to rural (R-R)
Bhopal, Indore and Jabalpur
(i) With social and cultural development, humans develop better and more efficient technology.
They create new possibilities with the environment.
(ii) Nature provides opportunities and humans avail of these opportunities. It is called possibilism. Nature gives an opportunity and man sustains it. In this way gradually nature gets humanised and starts bearing the imprint of human endeavour.
(iii) There are many examples: The human activities create cultural landscape, health resorts on highlands, huge urban sprawls, fields, orchards and pastures.
9.1 It depicts the trend of expanding population with large population in the lower age group: 0-4 years.
9.2 (i) A triangular shaped pyramid with a wide base 0-4 age group is in large number.
(ii) It belongs to less developed countries. After the age group, 30-34, it moves in decreasing order.
(i) Evolution of settled agricultural development.
(ii) Pattern of human settlement.
(iii) Development of transport network.
(iv) Industrialisation and urbanisation (Any three to be explained)
(i) The rural settlements derive their life support from land based primary economic activity
whereas urban settlements depend on secondary and tertiary sectors.
(ii) Urban settlements act as nodes of economic growth, provide goods and services not only to urban dwellers-but also to the people of the rural settlements in their hinterlands in return for food and raw materials.
(iii) Rural and urban settlements differ in terms of social relationship, attitude and outlook. Rural people are less mobile, social relations among them are intimate whereas in urban areas, life is complex and fast and social relations are formal.
Rainfed fanning is classified on the basis of adequacy of soil moisture into two (i) dryland farming and (ii) wetland farming:
- (i) Dry land farming: It is confined to the regions having annual rainfall less than 75 cm.
These areas/regions grow hardy and drought resistant crops such as-ragi, bajra, moong gram, and guar (fodder crop).
(ii) Various measures of soil moisture conservation and rain water harvesting are being practised.
- (i) Wetland farming: It is confined in the region where rainfall is in excess of soil moisture
requirement of plants during rainy season. These regions faced flood and soils erosion hazards.
(ii) Water intensive crops are grown—rice, jute, and sugarcane and practise aquaculture in the fresh water bodies.
(i) Commercial grain cultivation is practised in the interior parts of semi-arid lands of the mid latitudes.
(ii) Com, barley, oats and rye are grown with the principal crop ‘wheat’.
(iii) Entire operations of cultivation from ploughing to harvesting are mechanised as the size of the farms is very large. ,
(iv) There is low yield per acre but high yield per person.
(v) Such agriculture is developed in European Steppes, the Canadian and American Prairies, the Pampas of Argentina, the Velds of South-Africa and Downs in Australia, and Canterbury plains of New Zealand.
- When medical treatment is combined with international tourism activity, it lends itself to what is commonly known as medical tourism.
- (i) India has emerged as the leading country of medical tourism in the world.
(ii) World class hospitals are located in metropolitan cities that cater to patients all over the world.
(iii) Medical treatment which is being provided in India, is more cheap and best than other destinations.
- Medical tourism brings abundant benefits to developing countries like India, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia.
- Trans-Siberian Railways is the longest trans continental railways with 9332 km.
- (i) It has helped in opening up its Asian region to West European markets.
(ii) It runs across the Ural Mountains, Ob and Yenisei rivers. Chitta is an important agro centre and Irkutsk, a fur centre.
(iii) Branch lines and inland waterways are developed by this railways.
(iv) It transports machinery, wood finished products are sent to the western countries.
(v) Coal, oil, wood, agro products from the forest are transported by this railways along with foodgrains.
Problems of Rurjil Settlement
(i) Rural settlements in the developing countries are large in number and poorly equipped with infrastructure.
(ii) Supply of water to rural settlements in developing countries is not adequate. People have to walk long distance to fetch drinking water.
(iii) Water-borne diseases such as Cholera and Jaundice tend to be a common problem.
(iv) The countries of South Asia face conditions of drought and food crop cultivation sequences in the absence of irrigation also suffer.
(v) Absence of toilet and garbage disposal facilities cause health related problem. Due to heavy rain and flood, the houses made up of mud, wood, thatch remain susceptible to damage.
The density and quality of roads are better in plains compared to high altitudes, rainy and forested areas because:
(i) Nature of terrain and the level of economic development are the main determinants of density of roads.
(ii) Construction of roads is easy and cheaper in the plain areas. In the same way, their maintenance is not only easy but low cost matter also.
(iii) Whereas it is difficult and costly in hilly and plateau areas.
(iv) Construction and maintenance in forested and rainy areas are very expensive due to many reasons. Roads are usually broken or washed away by flood.
(vi) Border Road Organisation has been set up to construct and develop important roads along the northern and north-eastern boundary in high altitudes.
(A) India has trade relations with most of the countries and major trading blocks of the world.
(B) (i) India aims to double its share in the international trade. For this, it has started to adopt suitable steps to promote international trade.
(ii) Import liberalisation.
(iii) Reduction in Import duties
(iv) Promotion of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to promote exports.
(v) Change from process to product patents.
- Bharmaur region of Himachal Pradesh was notified tribal area on 21 Nov. 1975.
- (i) Bharmaur is inhabited by Gaddi, a tribal community who have maintained a distinct identity in the Himalayan region as they practised transhumance and conversed through ‘Gaddiali dialect.
(ii) It has harsh climatic condition, low resource base and fragile environment. These factors have influenced the society and economy of the region.
(iii) It is one of the most economically and socially backward areas of Himachal Pradesh.
(iv) The Gaddias have experienced geographical and political isolation and socio economic deprivation.
(v) The economy is based on agriculture and allied activities such as sheep and goat rearing.
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