These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 3
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 3
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
What are the sub-fields of Political Geography?
What is meant by family planning?
Name the seas linked by the Suez canal.
Name the first major sea port of India developed after Independence.
What do you understand by common property resource?
Name the two metropolitan cities which are the main polluters of river Ganga before it reached Varanasi.
Name the sources of non conventional sources of energy.
Why is unfavourable female sex ratio found in India and other South Asian Countries?
Name the areas where gathering is practised.
Classify industries based on ownership.
Why are ports called gateway of international trade? Explain.
Study the following diagrams carefully and answer the questions that follow
12.1 Name the steel plants and state where these are situated.
12.2 Name one source each of coal and Iron-ore for this plant.
12.3 Mention the source of water for these plants.
Noise pollution refers to the state of unbearable and uncomfortable to human beings, it is caused by noise from different sources. Which human values will be helpful to minimise its impact.
“Iron and steel industry is called a basic industry”. Examine the statement.
“Services are very important aspect for economic development of a country.” Analyse the statement by explaining five components of a service sector.
What are rural settlements? What are the two types of the rural settlements in the world? How are they different from each other? Give three points of each distinction.
Explain with examples the occupational structure of India’s population.
The nature of problems faced by Indian agriculture varies according to agro-ecological and historical experiences of its different regions. Most of the agricultural problems in the country are region specific, some of them are common and range from physical constraints to institutional hindrances. Discuss.
Discuss the knowledge based industries.
Define the term road-density. Explain with examples the two main determinants of road density in India.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A largest country of the continent
(B) An area having low density of population
(C) Areas of Commercial Livestock Rearing
(D) A major airport
(E) A major seaport
Locate and label the-following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) A state having highest percentage of urbanised population.
(ii) A leading producer state of tea.
(iii) A steel plant situated in Odisha.
(iv) An oil refinery situated in U.P.
(v) A Bauxite mine situated in Odisha.
(i) Electoral Geography
(ii) Military Geography
Family planning is the spacing or preventing the birth of children.
Mediterranean and Red seas are connected by the Suez Canal.
Common Property Resources can be defined as community’s natural resource where every member has the right to access and usage with some obligations without any body having the right to property or own them.
Kanpur and Allahabad
Solar, Wind, Bio energy, Tidal wave, Geo-thermal.
(i) Widespread gender discrimination and high mortality rate of female child during birth.
(ii) Lower socio-economic status of women. High female infant mortality due negligence and lack of medical facilities.
(iii) Preference to male child which results in high female foeticide and female infanticide. Domestic violence against women.
(i) Gathering is practiced in regions with harsh climatic conditions. Generally primitive societies who extract plant and animal products to complete their need for food, shelter and clothing.
(ii) High latitude zones of Northern Canada, Northern Eurasia and Southern Chile.
(iii) Low latitude zones of Amazon basin, tropical Africa, Northern fringe of Australia, interior parts of South East Asia.
(i) Public Sector Industries are owned and managed by governments. In India there were a number of Public Sector undertakings. Socialist countries have many state owned industries. Mixed economics have both public and private sector enterprises.
(ii) Private Sector Industries are owned by individual investors. These are managed by private organisations. In capitalist countries, industries are usually owned privately.
(iii) Joint Sector Industries are managed by joint stock companies. Sometimes the private and public sectors together establish and manage the industries.
(i) The commercial part of a harbour containing facilities for embarking and disembarking passengers loading and unloading and facilities for storage are called ports.
(ii) International trade (90-95%) is carried out through ports. Major part of the of the international trade is carried out through waterways and ports are two ends of a waterways.
(iii) The ports provide facilities of docking, loading, unloading, storage facilities for cargo. In order to provide the facilities, the port authorities make arrangements for maintaining navigable channels, arranging tugs and barges and providing labour and managerial services.
12.1 Hirapur, Kulti and Bumpur, West Bengal.
12.2 Coal from Raniganj, Jharia and Iron ore-Singhbhum
12.3 Water is obtained from Barakar River.
(i) A regular awakening campaign.
(ii) Extension of education and individual efforts.
(iii) Harmony, fraternity and cooperation.
(i) The iron and steel industry forms the base of all other industries, so it is called a basic industry. It provides raw material for other industries such as machine tools used for production.
(ii) It may be called a heavy industry because it uses large quantities of bulky raw materials and its products are also heavy.
(iii) Iron is extracted from iron ore by smelting in a blast furnace with carbon and lime stone.The molten iron is cooled and moulded to form pig iron which is used for converting into steel by adding strengthening materials like manganese.
(iv) The large integrated steel industry is traditionally located close to the sources of raw materials-iron ore, coal, manganese and limestone.
(v) Places where these could be easily brought near ports. In mini steel plants/mills access to markets is more important than inputs.
- All types of services are special skills provided in exchange of payments. Health, education, law, governance and recreation etc. require professional skills. These services require other theoretical knowledge and practical training.
- Major components of the service sectors:
(ii) Transport and communication
(iii) Business sector
(iv) Wholesale and retail trading
(v) Law and management
(vi) Government at different levels (to be explained)
(a) Rural settlements are most closely and directly related to land. They are dominated by primary activities such as agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing etc. The settlements size is relatively small.
(b) There are two types of settlements:
(i) Compact settlements
(ii) Dispersed settlements
- compact settlements:
(i) In these settlements large number of houses are built very close to each other.
(ii) These settlements develop along river valleys and in fertile plains.
(iii) Communities closely knit and share common occupations.
- Dispersed settlements:
(i) In these settlements houses are spaced far apart and often interspersed with fields.
(ii) A cultural feature—place of worship or a market binds the settlement together.
(i) The occupational composition of India’s population which means engagement of an individual in farming, manufacturing trade, services or any kind of professional activities.
(ii) About 58.2% of total working population are cultivator and agricultural labourers whereas only 4.2% of workers are engaged in household industries and 37.6% are other workers including non house hold industries, trade, commerce, construction, repair and other services.
(iii) As far as the occupation of country’s male and female population is concerned, male workers out-number female workers in all the three sectors. The number of female workers is relatively high in primary sector though in recent years there has been some improvement in work participation of women in secondary and tertiary sectors.
(iv) The proportion workers in agricultural sector in India has shown a decline over the last few decades. The participation rate in secondary and tertiary sector has registered in increase.
(v) It indicates a shift of dependence of workers from farm-based occupation to non-farm based ones, indicating a sectoral shift in the economy of the country. The spatial variation of work participation rate in different sectors in the country is very wide.
(i) Dependence on Erratic Monsoon.
(ii) Tow productivity.
(iii) Constraints of Financial Resources and indebtedness.
(iv) Lack of land reforms.
(v) Small farm size and fragmentation of land holdings.
(vi) Lack of commercialisation.
(vii) Vast under-employment.
(viii) Degradation of cultivable land. (To be explained)
(i) The advancement in information technology has had a profound influence on the country’s economy, and opened up new possibilities of economic and social trans formation.
(ii) The IT and IT enabled business process outsourcing services continue to be on a robust growth path. Indian software industry has emerged as one of the fastest growing sectors in the economy.
(iii) The software industry has surpassed electronic hardware production. It provides international quality products. The IT software and services industry account for almost 2% of India’s GDR Indian software companies have acquired international quality certification.
(iv) A majority of the multinational companies operating in the area of information technology have either software development centres or research development centres in India.
(v) In the hardware development sector, India is yet to make a remarkable achievement. A major impact of this growth has been on employment creation, which is almost doubled every year.
- Road density is the length of roads per 100 sq kms of an area.
- Determinants of road density are level of economic development and nature of terrain.
(i) Construction of roads is very easy and cheaper in the plain areas while it is difficult and costly in hilly and plateaus areas.
(ii) Jammu and Kasmir has only 10.48 km road density whereas Uttar Pradesh 532.27.
(iii) The road density is high in most of the northern states and major southern states.
(iv) It is low in the Himalayan region, north eastern region Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
(v) Not only the density but also the quality of roads is relatively better in plains as compared to roads in high altitude areas, rainy and forested areas.
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