These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 1 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
What was introduced by Griffith Taylor?
Write the remark which was made by George B Cressey about the population of Asia.
Which animals are used to draw sledges over snow covered ground?
Write the cause of the steady outflow of India’s semi-skilled and skilled labour to west Asia in the 1970.
“The way of life is complex and fast, and social relations are formal”. Name the settlements in which such type of features are found.
What is the contribution of India in the production of Rice in the World?
Which movement gave a major impetus to the cotton industry? How did it take place?
Explain the concept-of ‘Determinism’ with suitable examples.
Divide the population of the world into two groups on the basis of residence. How they differ from each other? Explain any two points of difference.
Explain any three characteristics of Tertiary activities.
How the availability of water and land forms influence the distribution of population in the world? Explain with examples.
Why is the demand of water for irrigation increasing day by day? Discuss.
The Bhils of Sat Rundi hamlet of Karravat village in Petlawad block, revitalise large parts of common property resource through their own efforts. Mention the human values which are mingled in their social cause.
What do you understand by demographic transition theory? Explain the first stage and the third stage of demographic transition theory.
Define the term Human Development? Why is human development necessary? Explain any four reasons.
“Depending on the stee and the services available and functions rendered, urban centres and designated as town, city, million city, conurbation, Megalopups.” Discuss
Explain any live causes for stagnant growth of India’s population from 1901 to 1921.
“Wind energy is absolutely pollution free, inexhaustible source of energy”. Discuss the statement.
Describe the changes in composition of India’s exports.
Describe the maki features of Gujarat Industrial Region.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) Areas of subsistence gathering
(B) An eastern most terminal station of Trans Siberian Railway
(C) A mega city
(D) A major airport
(E) An inland waterways.
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) A state having lowest population pressure
(ii) A leading producer state of sugarcane
(iii) An iron & Steel plant located in Karnataka.
(iv) A software technology park situated in Telangana.
(v) A head quarter city of Eastern Railways.
Griffith introduced the concept which reflects a middle path between the two ideas of environmental determinism and possibilism.
“Asia has many places where people are few and few place where people are very many.”
Dogs and Reindeers.
The wake of the oil boom in West Asia.
India contributes 21.6% of rice production in the world and ranked second after China.
The Swadeshi movement gave a major impetus to the cotton Industry as there was a call for boycotting all British made goods in favour of Indian goods.
(i) In the beginning humans are hugely influenced by nature.
(ii) They were afraid of nature’s fury. They worshipped the nature.
(iii) Nature determines societies attitudes decisions and their lifestyles. Humans were passive agents and nature dictates their lives as per determinism.
(A) World’s population can be divided into categories on the basis of residence:—
(i) Rural population
(ii) Urban population
(B) Rural population and urban population differ from each other:—
(i) Rural and urban life styles differ from each other in terms of their livelihood and social conditions. The age-sex occupational structure, density of population and level of development.
(ii) In rural areas, people are engaged in primary activities whereas in urban areas majority of working population is engaged in non-primary activities.
(i) Tertiary activities are related to the service sector. Man power is an important component
of the service sector as most of the tertiary activities are completed by skilled labour, professionally trained experts and consultants.
(ii) These activities include both production and exchange. The production involves the provision of services that arc consumed whereas exchange involves trade, transport and communication facilities that are used to overcome distance.
(iii) Tertiary activities involve the commercial output of services rather than the production of tangible goods. Not directly involved in the processing of physical raw materials—work of a plumber, electrician, technician, launderer, barber, shopkeeper, driver, teacher etc.
There are many factors influencing the distribution of population availability of water and landforms are of them.
(i) Availability of Water: An important factor for life, people, on all over the w orld prefer to live in areas where freshwater is available easily. It is used for drinking, bathing and cooking and also used for cattle, crop, industries and navigation. River valleys are densely populated areas of the world, reason being the easy availability of water.
(ii) Land forms: It is one of the top priorities as people prefer living on flat flat plains and gentle slopes, such areas are favorable for the production of crops and to build roads and industries. The mountainous and hilly areas hinder the development of transport network and do not favour agricultural and industrial development. Hence such areas tend to be less populated. Ganga plains are densely populated whereas Himalayas are scarcely populated.
The demand of water is increasing day by day because:
(i) Irrigation is needed because of spatio-temporal variability in rainfall in the country.
The large tracts of the country are deficient in rainfall and are drought prone.
(ii) Winter and Summer seasons are more or less dry in most part of the country. It is difficult to practise agriculture without assured irrigation during dry seasons.
(iii) Breaks in monsoon or its failure creates dry spells detrimental for agriculture, water need of certain crops makes irrigation necessary. Irrigation makes multiple cropping possible.
(i) Cooperation and fraternity
(ii) Caring, equity and Eco-friendly
(iii) Sharing the benefits.
(a) Demographic transition theory can used to describe and predict the future population of any area. It tells that population of any region changes from high births and high deaths to low births and low deaths as a society progresses.
(b) The first-stage:
(i) It has fertility and high mortality because people reproduce more to compensate for the deaths due to epidemics and variable food supply.
(ii) Population growth is slow and most of the people are engaged in agriculture where large families are an asset. Life expectancy is low, people are mostly illiterate and have low levels of technology.
(c) The third stage (last stage)
(i) Both fertility and mortality decline considerably. The populations is either stable or grows slowly.
(ii) The population becomes urbanised, literate and has high technical knowhow and deliberately controls the family size.
(a) Human Development is the development that enlarges people’s choices and improves their lives. This concept was introduced by Dr. Mahbub-ul-Haq.
(b) (i) People are central to all development. Their choice are not fixed but keep on changing on. The basic goal of human development is to create conditions where people can live meaningful lives.
(ii) To achieve a meaningful life as it should be with some purpose. People must be healthy, be able to develop their talent, participate in society and be free to achieve their goals by full recess to resources, education and health facilities.
(iii) To have the capability and freedom to make basic choices. This may be remove their inability to acquire knowledge, their material poverty, social discrimination, inefficiency of institutions etc;
(iv) To build people’s capabilities in the areas of health, education and access to resources is important in enlarging their choices. To set a qualitative change. It cannot take place unless there is an addition to the existing conditions.
Development will occur when positive change growth take place.
(v) Million city (To be explained)
(i) This period is referred to as a period of stagnant growth because Growth rate was very low, even recording a negative growth rate during 1911-1921.
(ii) Both the birth rate and death rate were high.
(iii) Poor health and medical services, illiteracy of people at large.
(iv) Inefficient distribution system of food and others.
(v) Both the birth rate and death rate were high. Keeping the rate of increase low.
(i) The mechanism of energy conversion from blowing wind is simple. The kinetic energy of wind through turbines is converted into electrical energy.
(ii) The permanent wind systems—trade winds, westerlies and seasonal wind like monsoon have been used as source of energy. Local winds, land and see breezes can be used to produce electricity.
(iii) India has started generating wind energy with a total capacity of 45 mega watts. Non-conventional sources of energy is developing wind energy in India to lessen the burden of oil import bill.
(iv) The country’s potential of wind power generation exceed 50,000 mega watts. One fourth can be easily harnessed.
(v) Being a non-conventional energy sources it will provide more sustained eco-friendly cheaper energy. And an inexhaustible source, India could generate energy as per their requirement and investment. A bright future is seen in this field.
(i) The percentage share of the agriculture and allied products have declined. There is a
decline in the exports of traditional items such as coffee, spices, tea, pulses, etc.
(ii) The share of petroleum and crude products have increased due to rise in petroleum prices and increase in India’s refining capacity.
(iii) The share of ore and minerals and have largely remained constant over the years from 1997-98 to 2003-04.
(iv) Manufactured goods are the largest exporting commodities in the year 2003-04 (75.96%). The percentage share of other commodities has increased due to an increase in fruits, marine products and sugar.
(v) Engineering goods are the largest commodities on the export list. Crude and petroleum products also occupy a significant place in the list. Textile sector could not achieve much inspite of liberal measures taken by government due to competition from China and other Asian countries.
(i) The nucleus of this region lies between Ahmedabad and Vadodara, it extends upto Valsad and Surat.
(ii) The development of this industrial region is mainly due to the cotton textile industry since 1860.
(iii) After the decline of cotton textile from the Mumbai region; it has double advantage of the proximity of raw material and market.
(iv) The discovery of oil fields led to the development of a variety of petrochemical industries in Ankleshwar, Vadodara and Jamnagar.
(v) Petroleum refinery at Koyali provided raw materials to a host of petrochemical industries.
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