Article On Sovereignty And Partition Of India 1947: On 15th August 1947 midnight, India’s partition occurred separating two different nations for the Hindu and Muslims, namely Pakistan and India. British people left India and provided them with freedom and a right to be sovereign as a nation.
India’s partitions were a massive event in India’s history, as it leads to several riots, struggles, bloodbaths, and massacres. People had to leave their families, property forcefully, and they were also tortured. The root cause for partition was British people who damaged the relationship between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League leaders leading to the partition.
You can read more Article Writing about people, sports, technology many more.
Long And Short Articles On Sovereignty And Partition Of India 1947 for Students and Children in English
Partition in India and sovereignty is an essential part of history, known by every Indian citizen. Students who go to schools can get asked to write articles on the subject for their assignments and exams. Long Article On Sovereignty and Partition Of India 1947 is helpful for students of classes 7, 8, 9, and 10. On the other hand, the Article On Sovereignty and Partition Of India 1947 is helpful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Long Article On Sovereignty and Partition Of India 1947 500 Words in English
India’s partition gives a lot of importance to all the Indians, especially among Hindus and Muslims. This event led to India’s partition and resulted in creating two different sovereign states: India and Pakistan. The British Empire ruled India before the partition. All the people irrespective of their religions lived together.
The partition of India took place in August 1947. The reason for the partition and the conflict among Hindu and Muslims started from the year 1900 when the Indian National Congress refused to represent the Indian Muslim’s demands and rights.
During British rule, the Hindus were a more significant part of the Muslim population, which made the British chiefs incline toward Hindus over Muslims based on occupations, education, and business.
However, Muslims were given lower employments and paid rates when contrasted with Hindus. The Muslims feared being controlled by the British and the Hindus, so they chose to frame an ideological group that would ensure their privileges and demands.
Subsequently, the All India Muslim league was made in 1906, driven by a noticeable pioneer, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He believed that Muslims and Hindus were independent and couldn’t live in one country, though Gandhi, the Hindu party leader, restricted that thought.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah battled for a different nation for the Muslims. His objective was at long last accomplished when the British chose to empty India after their contribution to world war II had crippled and offer freedom to India. In August 1947, two Independent states appeared Pakistan for the Muslims and India for the Hindus.
A mix of complex socioeconomic factors and political inconveniences in the wake of an extraordinary and grieved pioneer experience gave a set to the simultaneous rise of Partition and Independence.
India was divided hurriedly; this caused massive issues for the Indian population, had the Commission been progressively cautious, partition could’ve been a smoother procedure. For instance, there were occurrences where the border was drawn, leaving a few pieces of a town India and some in Pakistan.
The implementation was hastily taken to the way toward drawing the outskirts borders. On 16 August 1947, at the time 5:00 pm, the Indian and Pakistani delegates were given two hours to contemplate copies before the Radcliffe award was distributed on the 17th.
British endeavors to rush partition were brought about by issues such as financial rebellions and worldwide circumstances. The financial circumstance was Britain owed debts to India at generally £3 billion with an ascent of £70 million every day. They were, at this point, done benefitting from their relationship with India. A significant part of the cash they expected to keep up India was spent on improving Britain at home.
During the partition of India and Pakistan, the riots broke out in places like Hyderabad, Bengal, Sindh, J & K, and Punjab. Hindus and Sikhs were threatened and forced to leave Pakistan immediately. Their property and homes were seized. Similarly, both communities faced hatred and violence during the partition, which lasted for a long time.
Short Article On Sovereignty And Partition Of India 1947 300 Words in English
In August 1947, The British raj in India ended their 200-year long rule in the subcontinent of India, and the partition od Indi occurred, forming two different nations, Pakistan for the Muslim majority and the Hindu majority-India.
The process of partition and sovereignty wasn’t easy for anybody. There was a massive conflict between Hindu and Muslims which the British rule took advantage of. Several movements and struggles occurred for freedom, as well as the partition.
When India got its independence, the British left India, making India divided into two nations.
The outcome of the partition was harsh, as many people were tortured, riots broke out, and the properties were seized.
After the borders were announced, a considerable number of individuals looked to rejoin their new nation, persuaded that they could not, at this point, live together. Nine million Hindus left Pakistan, and six million Muslims left India. A million displaced people crossed the outskirts by walking, framing individual columns more than many miles long, in rags, depleted, starved, crushed by distress. Others, leaving in trains, never showed up. Witnesses portrayed “death trains” loaded up with tortured bodies, the train wheels dribbling blood. There were up to a million deaths in only a couple of months.
Sikh people were noticed with more opposition than of Hindus as they were expecting much more disaster in Pakistan to them, as that is what happened to the Sikh community who lived in Pakistan. They were tortured and forced to leave their families and home.
After Independence, India became a free country, but there were no constitutional rights or drafts for India’s citizens. So, on 26th January 1950, India’s constitution was formed, making India a sovereign country, which means choosing their government. That was the day India became a republic and a democratic country that consists of different rights and laws for the Indians to follow.
10 Lines On Article About Sovereignty And Partition Of India 1947
- The partition of India caused the division of British India into two independent nations.
- Pakistan was for the Muslim majority, and India was for the Hindu majority.
- When the Indian National Congress refused to put forward the demands of the Muslim League, conflicts started.
- Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the All India Muslim League leader, fought for the rights of Muslims.
- Due to the British divide and rule policy, revolt between the Indian National Congress and Muslim league began.
- On 15th August 1947, the existence of India came into account from midnight.
- After the partition,12 million people lost their houses, and many riots broke out.
- The violence among people, mainly Hindu, Muslims, and Sikhs, occurred.
- The Sikh people who used to live in Pakistan had to leave their houses and families.
- Even after several years of Partition, India faces border issues with Pakistan.
FAQ’s on Article on Sovereignty and Partition of India 1947
Who is considered to be responsible for the partition of India?
The British people were the main root of India’s partition as they launched the divide and rule policy, which made conflicts between Hindu and Muslim leaders.
Who did not agree with the partition of India?
Mahatma Gandhi opposed India’s partition as it was contradicting the unity of all religions.
Whose plan was Partition of India?
Mohammad Ali Jinnah, leader of the Muslim League, started the idea of Partition of India.
By whom, the India Pakistan border was decided?
By Sir Cyril Radcliffe, the border between India and Pakistan was decided.