Article On Other Revolutionary Movements Of Indian Independence: In the span of the ninety years before Indian Independence was achieved, there was a series of activities and movements taking place all over India. All these movements had the common objective of completely removing the British from the power of rule India and brought the country the long-deserved freedom.
In this article, the movements and revolutionary events that helped in bringing Independence to India will be discussed. We will also mention those movements that we often fail to remember but were equally important in the course of the Indian Independence struggle.
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Long And Short Articles On The Topics Of Other Revolutionary Movements Of Indian Independence in English
As the citizens of India, we should be aware of all the struggles the people had to go through and about the steps taken to bring India Independence. Schools and colleges students might be given the topic of Other Revolutionary Movements Of Indian Independence for the writing of articles for their assignments and exams. The long Article on Other Revolutionary Movements of Indian Independence are useful to people studying in classes 7, 8, 9, and 10. On the other hand, the short Article on Other Revolutionary Movements of Indian Independence are standard among students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Long Article On Other Revolutionary Movements Of Indian Independence 500 Words In English
The British were the last to come and rule over India for about 200 years. But before the British, India experienced immigration of Persians followed by the Parsis and Iranians, after that, the Moghuls and Mongolian invasions occurred. Also, the Portuguese and French had established their colonies before the British invaded. And all these invasions resulted in the looting of India’s prosperity and richness and impacted our culture deeply.
The British rose to achieve political power in India after they won the Battle of Plassey in 1757. By 1848, the East India Company established its supremacy over the country during Lord Dalhousie’s tenure. During that time, he was at the highest post of Government in India was called the Governor-General. But by then, the evils of British Rule had been maximized.
The annexation of the Pathan and Peshawar Tribes of Punjab and other northwestern regions bled the country. By 1856 the British established their authority over India officially and firmly. The Indians started getting agitated and regional rulers, framers, and intellectuals belonging to the common masses started expressing their discomfort.
Unemployment, loss of land, poverty rose to the extreme in the country, yet the British kept oppressing the public of India even further. And it was a matter of time that the masses would start showing aggressive opposition to their unfair policies and systems.
The first notable revolt of India was probably the Indian Mutiny of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny. Almost every Indian is aware of the reasons behind this rebellion and the sacrifices made during that year (from 10/05/1857 to 20/06/1858). Even though the British Government tried to suppress the rebellion and ultimately put an end to it, but the national outrages brought some massive changes.
Small but impactful revolutionary movements soon started taking place after 1857 as the Indian citizens saw a new hope of freedom from the British Rule for the first time. The Chapekar Brothers incident of 1897 when British officers were assassinated as a sign of revolt was the first case of a rebel in the country after Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. After this, a series of small events like Alipore Bombay Conspiracy Case (1908), Curzon Wyllie’s Assassination (1909), Howrah Gang Case (1910), Delhi Lahore Conspiracy Case (1912), Kakori Conspiracy (1925).
The Chittagong Uprising of 1930 was important is a memorable event when a team of revolutionaries led by freedom fighter Surya Sen tried to raid the police and auxiliary force armory of Chittagong. They were unsuccessful in making the raid, but they cut all call telephone and telegraph pole wires and raised the Indian flag at the armory. The revolutionaries who were caught were sentenced to imprisonment, and Surya Sen was tortured and hanged.
Another unforgettable event was the Central Assembly Bomb Case of 1929. And soon after that, in 1931, the Lahore case gave rise to several conspiracies. After that, several organized national events and movements, like the establishment of the Indian National Congress (1885), the spread of Swaraj idealism throughout India, the Civil Disobedience Movement, and the Quit India Movement, ensured in bringing India Independence.
Short Article On Other Revolutionary Movements Of Indian Independence 300 Words in English
The struggle for Indian Independence was actively nurtured, shaped, and influenced by several freedom fighters. The slow but steady rise in the feeling of nationalism and brotherhood among Indians acted as a catalyst in those Revolutionary Movements that eventually brought India freedom.
The first significant event after the revolt of 1857 was the formation of the Indian National Congress in the year 1885. The first meeting of Congress was held in Bombay on 28th December, and 72 delegates attended the session. In that same year, Churchill became the Secretary of State in India.
In 1905 Curzon representing the British Government dropped the bomb of partition. This announcement was highly unexpected and scarred Indians extremely to the core. Mahatma Gandhi declared the commencement of Satyagraha in 1906 in South Africa. Non-Violent Movements characterized Satyagraha.
The year after that, Congress decided to divide into Extremists and Moderates during a Surat session. In 1907 the nationalists Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh were deported to Mandalay, and riots followed this event in Punjab.
But this was not the end of the torture of the Britishers on Indians. Rather several freedom fighters like Khudiram Bose were hanged and others sentenced to imprisonment. And neither did the desire of Indians for freedom could be dominated any longer. Attacks on British officials continued from rebellions. Several secret societies and religious-social reforms took part in protesting by attaining several modes and mediums.
The Rowlatt Act was opposed by Gandhi and his followers with the declaration of Anti-Rowlatt Satyagraha. After World War I, the Government of India Act was passed instead of giving the Indians the Swaraj they were hoping for, which enraged the Indian citizens even more. Several Disobedience Movements, protests, the formation of the Indian Army, and lastly, the Mutiny of 1946 all together brought India the much-awaited and deserved Independence after ninety long years.
10 Lines On Other Revolutionary Movements Of Indian Independence
- The Sepoy Riots of 1857 is considered one of the first united attempts by Indians against British Rule.
- The INC or the Congress Party was formed in 1885 as they became India’s major political group.
- Another significant incident related to the Indian National Congress is when Gandhi returned to India, in 1915 he joined the party.
- The British were much agitated after Gandhi took the responsibility of being the leader of Congress in 1920.
- The Lucknow Pact is an important event that was made between the NIC and the Muslim League in 1916.
- The massacre of the tragic Jallianwala Bagh incident of 13th April 1919 still haunts us.
- In response to the Jallianwala Bagh incident, the Non-Cooperation Movement began, and this was a very significant movement in the history of the Indian Independence struggle.
- The characteristics of the Non-Cooperation Movement were the boycotting of foreign goods and the upholding of local goods.
- The Second World War absolutely shook the British throne as the power of the British Empire rapidly weakened.
- The Quit India Movement was a very strong movement that demanded the immediate withdrawal of British Rule from India.
FAQ’s on Article on Other Revolutionary Movements of Indian Independence
Name one of the earliest Freedom Fighter of India.
Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja.
Why did the Indians get enraged upon the British Government after the First World War was over?
The British promised freedom to the nation after the war, but they didn’t stand on their word.
Name the first ruler in India to fight against the British.
Puli Thevar (the Pazhassi Raja).
Who was majorly behind the occurrence of the Indian Independence Movement?