Article on Natural Calamities in India: Natural Calamities are not in the control of human beings. Like the other countries of the world, India, too, faces many natural calamities because of its environment and geographical location. Over the last few decades, the temperature in Indian subcontinents has arisen. We are already viewing the change in weather in India. A natural calamity is considered a disaster when it affects the people or the property on a large scale. The diversity of this depends on the capability of the people to recover from this situation. Often, natural disaster leave effects which take years to control the damage. Natural calamities like floods, drought, landslides, earthquakes, cyclones frequently occur in this country. India is also facing abnormal warming, which is endangering marine life and slowly affecting the overall climate.
However, the effects of natural disasters can get controlled by proper planning and active damage control unit. We can not control these disasters, but we can take precautions and be ready to face the situation with proper planning. This way, the impact of the accident on the lives of the people can be minimized.
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Long and Short Articles on Natural Calamities in India for Students and Children in English
Here, we’re discussing the causes of Natural Calamities and how to minimize the impacts of it on people’s lives. We are providing two articles – a 200 words article and a 500 words article. The first one long article on natural calamities is suitable for the students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. The second Short Article on natural calamities is suitable for children of classes 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and those preparing for competitive exams. This article can also help in writing assignments and getting prepared for debates.
Long Article on Natural Calamities in India 500 Words in English
Natural Calamities are events that take place due to either natural activity or human-made activity. It leaves long-lasting effects on human lives and properties. It is increasing day by day all over the world. It is because of the misuse of environmental resources by humans. India suffers due to its vulnerable geographical location. Despite knowing it, the country still doesn’t have a proper disaster management unit.
Types of Natural Disaster in India
There are different kinds of Natural Disasters in India that happen frequently and leave painful effects on the Indians’ Iives.
- Earthquake: Earthquake is one of the frequently occurring natural disasters in India. It happens because of high internal pressure between huge rocks within the Earth’s crust. It causes them to break apart. It shakes the land. If the intensity is high, houses, apartments, etc. collapse or get damaged. India faces mild earthquakes frequently. However, the country has faced multiple severe earthquakes as well.
- Drought: Drought is another major natural calamity that is caused by the absence of rain. There are three types of droughts – meteorology, hydrology, and agriculture-related. More than 10% area in India is prone to drought. The north-western part of India is particularly prone to dryness.
- Cyclone: Cyclones occur in India mainly because of the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. Some states like West Bengal, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, etc. are prone to it. Every year, India faces five to six cyclones. It happens because of the variation of temperature and pressure in oceans.
- Wildfire: Wildfire or forest fire is also frequent in India as India has dry and warm forests prone to it. It is dangerous for wild animals, nearby local people, and the environment as well.
Apart from these, other natural calamities occur in India like floods, landslides, avalanches, etc.
Human Activities and Natural Disasters
Several human activities are aiding natural disasters. Growing population and consumerist tendencies are the main factors behind it. With the increasing population, the demand and use of natural resources are increasing. As a result, unwanted environmental change is occurring. Water scarcity, global warming, climate change are some effects of it. Apart from these, the neverending desire and want of humans is crucial for natural disasters. Water is going down the average level. Industrial solvents are polluting the rivers and the sea. Dirty, unclean gases from industries and vehicles are polluting the air. Many men made creations are destroying wildlife. Furthermore, excessive cutting of trees has contributed to global warming we are facing now. The more people will exploit nature; the more natural calamities will occur.
There are various ways in which the effect of natural calamities can be minimized. The government should have a secure financial backup for managing disasters. It is because floods destroy properties and effects human lives. Money is an essential thing for recovery. There should be a proper disaster management unit in every state that all well connected to every corner of the state. Here, strong leadership is of utmost importance. The government should invest more in researches on natural disasters. Suggestions from other countries should be taken. People should be thoroughly aware of any upcoming natural disasters so that they can take proper precautions. The government should focus on new inventions that help control natural disasters. Above all, we should leave our consumerist nature and start believing in sustainability. We should stop doing things that are not friendly to our environments. If these things can be maintained appropriately, not only India but any part of the world can efficiently handle the outcomes of a natural disaster.
Short Article on Natural Calamities in India 300 Words in English
Natural calamities are natural events that cause damage to properties and human lives. India loses s lot of lives every year due to natural disasters. A lot of people are left with no home and property. They suffer endlessly. Some of them are floods, landslides, drought, wildfire, cyclones, etc. It becomes severe when it occurs in a populated place. Unfortunately, we can’t stop it from happening.
We can only take precautions to fight it. India is prone to natural calamities because of its geographical location. It faces almost five cyclones each year. Droughts and mild earthquakes are frequently seen in many parts of India. Wildfire is also seen in the forest area of it. India is also facing climate change and massive warming. Because of this Warming, natural calamities are becoming more frequent than before.
How to Cope Up with Natural Calamities
Natural calamities are not in our control. No matter how much development we do in science or technology, we don’t know when it is going to happen. So, all we can do is take proper precautions as soon as we know about it. We can also work on the underlying causes of it. Global warming is an essential reason for all these things. So, we need to work on preserving our natural environment and protecting natural resources. People should be warned about upcoming disasters. They should be evacuated if required. After the disaster, people should be helped with money to recover from the affected state.
10 Lines on Article about Natural Calamities in India
- India is vulnerable to natural disasters because of its environment and geographical location.
- Some common natural calamities in India are floods, landslides, earthquakes, cyclones, wildfire, etc.
- India faces five to six hurricanes in a year. The northeastern part of India is vulnerable to drought.
- Global warming is the most crucial reason for natural disasters.
- The rise of population and consumerist approach aids in natural calamities.
- The government should prepare a proper disaster management unit to fight against the effects of natural disasters.
- People should be helped with monetary support to recover from the impact of natural disasters.
- The government should have a proper budget to control this and invest in research on natural disasters.
- Innovative ideas and inventions should be given value to monitor the effects of natural disasters.
- Natural Disasters can not get in control, but we can take precautions to minimize their effects.
FAQ’s on Natural Calamities in India
What are the recent natural disasters in India?
The recent natural disasters in India are Cyclone Amphan, Cyclone Nisarga, Locust Infestation, and Uttarakhand Forest Fire.
What are the frequent natural disasters in India?
The frequent natural disasters in India are flood, drought earthquake, landslides, cyclones, avalanches, and wildfire.
What are the causes of Natural Disaster?
The leading cause behind this is Global Warming. Apart from this, the human’s growing population and consumerist approach are aiding natural disasters.
How can we prevent Natural Disasters?
Natural Disasters can’t get prevented from occurring. But proper disaster management units can minimize the effects caused by it. The government can help people with money to overcome the after-effects of it. Efficient leadership is a must to control the impact of natural disasters.