Article on Farmer Suicides: The word ‘suicide’ is becoming very common in today’s time. Different people from different age groups are committing Suicide while suffering from different kinds of problems. Farmers committing Suicide is also an important issue that needs the excellent attention of the government. In India, Agriculture is one of the most important sectors contributing to the economy. We depend on the farmers for our food. And they work very hard to produce food for us. As per researchers, the number of suicides of farmers is increasing every year. It can severely affect our society if the authorities don’t try their best to stop this pathetic act.
As this is one of the critical social problems these days, it is essential for the students to know about this matter deeply. They should also learn about the causes that are the driving force behind these suicides of the farmers. Ultimately, they should learn about the possible solutions for this. Also, they can express their point of view on this matter. They can also suggest some innovative approaches to get control of this situation.
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Long and Short Articles on Farmer Suicides for Students and Children in English
Here, we share two types of articles on Farmer Suicides – a 500 words Long Article and a 200 words Short Article. The Long article on Farmer Suicides is helpful for students with their competitive exams, essay competitions, language subject, etc. The short one article on farmers’ suicide is good for children from classes 2, 3, 4, and 5. It gives the idea of farmers’ suicides without delving deeper.
Long Article on Farmer Suicides 500 Words in English
Long Article on Farmer Suicides for Students of Class 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.
India is an agriculture-based country because 70% of its population is involved in this profession. Because of this reason, previously, no Indian died without food. But the situation started changing from the late 90s. Farmers started facing difficulties, which ultimately provoked them to Suicide. Ordinary people get to know about this matter in 1990 when the famous English newspaper, Hindu, started publishing the farmers’ suicides. Initially, it started with a part of Maharashtra, but soon it became an annoying issue all over the country. Though the government is declaring various schemes for farmers, the situation is not better even today.
Causes: Research says that Suicide can’t happen because of an economic problem only, and it has some connection with mental health. But there are economic reasons which might have disturbed their mental health as well.
Liberalization and Globalization: Because of liberalization and globaization, India imported food grains from different countries at a lower price. On the other side, Indians farmers were left with the only option of burning their crops. It is because they were not getting even the equal money they’ve invested in cultivating the crops. As they already have poor financial background and debts in most cases, they were unable to face these losses.
Neverending Debt: Most of the Indian farmers don’t own the land where they can cultivate. So, they agree to the policy, ‘batai,’ which means that the landlord will give his land to the farmer for cultivation. In return, the farmer has to share half of the crops with him. The farmers even borrow money from moneylenders for arranging the basic needs of farming. These moneylenders take compound interest from them. Falling under the trap of these people, the farmer gets nothing at the end of his hard work. Even the farmer is left with massive debt, which is sometimes carried out by the next generation.
Costly Essentials: The costs of seeds, fertilizers, chemicals, etc. got increased. So it became tough for the farmers to buy those products. Furthermore, new pieces of equipment for farming has been invented. But the low and middle-class farmers don’t have that much money to buy these products. As a result, they lose the battle in competition with the large scale production houses.
Government Policy: The government’s policies in favor of urban citizens is another cause for the sorrow of the Indian farmers. The government introduces policies like minimum export charges, essential goods, etc. These don’t work in favor of the farmers.
Absence of Literacy: Most Indian farmers are illiterate because they hardly get to know about government policies specially designed for them. Besides this, some middlemen also take a good percentage of their hard-earned money by buying crops from lower prices than the average market price.
Natural Calamity: After working hard enough, farmers also have to depend on their luck to succeed in earning money from their occupation. Natural calamities like flood, drought, etc. make their life full of insecurity.
Solution: Only the government can provide a proper solution to the farmers. They can provide them land for cultivating. The government can give loans to farmers at a lower interest rate. They can also provide subsidies to the lower and middle-class farmers in agricultural equipment.
Apart from these, the government has to provide them security if their crops get wasted. At least, it should be ensured that the farmers are earning enough to live a healthy life. It will remove the stress from their lives. As a result, the number of suicides will decrease.
Short Article on Farmer Suicides 200 Words in English
Short Articles on Farmer Suicides for classes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Farmers are the backbone of the Indian economy. But most of the time they’re neglected. The number of deaths of farmers in every state of India is increasing. And this shameful incident needs immediate government action. The agricultural sector should be valued more than before to stop this.
Causes: Indian farmers, in most of the cases, cultivate on someone else’s land. In return, they’re supposed to give half of their crops to the landlord. They also borrow money from moneylenders in high-interest rate. After all their hard work, they are left with nothing in their hand. Next time again, they borrow more money to cultivate again. In this way, they step in the neverending cycle of interest. It leaves them with no option than death. After the farmer’s death, his son becomes the bearer of those interests. He works to get tired all the time, exhausted with no money left to run the family. Mediators also take the chance of the farmers’ illiteracy and buy their crops at lower prices. Though the government is trying to help them through various schemes, most of them are unknown to the farmers.
Solution: The government should give money to the farmers in lower interest. Farmers should be able to sell their crops directly to the people at a reasonable price through a common platform provided by the government. The government should also help them with new types of machinery that will help them cope with their competitors.
10 Lines on Article About Farmer Suicides
- The rate of suicide of farmers in India is almost 7.7% of the total suicides in India.
- The agricultural sector is the backbone of the Indian economy. But it is often ignored by the government.
- Farmers are committing Suicide mainly of their inability to repay the money they’ve borrowed from the moneylenders or bank.
- Indian farmers don’t get the proper price of their crops because of the middlemen who buy their crops at a lower price than the actual.
- Farmers often lack proper skills that are required for smart cultivation.
- Farmers are not even making enough money to live a healthy life. It is one of the reasons for their distress.
- The government should give loans to farmers in lower interest rates. It will help them not to fall prey to the clever moneylenders.
- The government should invest more in the agricultural sector.
- Farmers should be trained in new technologies. They should be informed about different research on agriculture.
- It is a disturbing situation that the farmers are committing suicide. As a nation, we should respect their hard work and do the needful to put a full stop to this worrying issue.
FAQ’s on Article on Farmer Suicides
What is the farmers’ suicide rate in India?
Though the government has not released proper data post-2015. But much research shows that farmers’ suicides rate is 7.7% of total suicides in India.
Why do farmers Suicide in India?
There are different reasons behind the suicides of the farmers. Some of them are high-interest rates, lending lands from others, natural calamities, etc. They sometimes are left with the only option to commit Suicide.
How to prevent the suicides of farmers in India?
It is a worrying situation for the nation. So, it needs urgent action by the government. The government can offer loans to farmers in lower interest rates, free education on how to cultivate well, a proper platform to sell their crops directly to the consumers.
How vital agriculture in the Indian economy?
It is an essential part of the Indian economy. 60% of Indians are involved in this industry. It contributes 17% to the country’s GDP.