Article on All India Muslim League 1906: A democratic country exists on the pillars of political parties. During elections, electors cannot evaluate the credentials of each individual separately. Furthermore, political parties help in establishing the government. In 1906, a section of Indian population advocated the need to establish a political party for Muslim-majority states. Under British rule, the All India Muslim League was set up to meet the needs of the Muslim population separately.
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Long Article on All India Muslim League 1906 in English 500 Words
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The most recognised institution of a democratic country is its political parties. The year of 1906 marked the formation of the All India Muslim League (AIML). The foundation of All India Muslim League, famously called Muslim League, was laid in Dhaka, British India, which is now in Bangladesh.
Formation of the Muslim League
A group of people with a political agenda called for establishing a movement for a separate Muslim party to look into the interest of the then, Indian-Muslim community. On 30th December 1906, under the leadership of Nawab of Dhaka, Aga Khan, Nawab Salimullah of Dhaka, and the Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk took the initiative to lay the foundation stone of the All India Muslim League.
The Viceroy of British-India, Lord Minto instigated Muslims to form their own political party. Initially, the movement received the support of the British with a hidden agenda. However, the league wanted to self-govern itself without any interference of British authorities. Mohammed Ali Jinnah, serving the party, requested the unity of two religion, Hindu and Muslim to fight for independence together.
Purpose of the Formation of the Muslim League
The primary purpose of forming the Muslim League was to improve the conditions of the Muslim community. The Muslim League wanted to promote education, restore sovereignty, free expression of their religion, improvement of their economic status, etc. The League demanded the partition of Bangladesh. Furthermore, it pressed the need for Muslim’s employment reservation in organisation run by the government. It also stressed on political representation for Muslims by separate electorates. In 1940, the league expressed its urge to build a separate Muslim state in Independent India without the governance. Gradually, the league demanded a separate country, citing that an independent India-Hindus might command the Muslim community.
Partition During Independence Struggle
Muhammad Ali Jinnah had become the face of the Muslim League between 1934 to 1947. He had won the provincial elections by gaining votes from the Muslim group. The All India Muslim League became stronger and fought for independence to establish a distinct nation, Pakistan for the Muslim community. After the emergence of Pakistan on 14th August 1947, the All India Muslim League was renamed as the All Pakistan Muslim Party. Jinnah fulfilled his duties as the governor-general of Pakistan.
Since the League was a catalyst in establishing Pakistan, it became the presiding political party there. However, it could not maintain its status for long and gradually lost its influence in the country. In the 1954 election, it was overthrown in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). Consequently, it lost powers in Pakistan. The downfall of the Muslim League was visible when the party was broken down in several fractions in 1960. After a decade, the Muslim League had utterly disappeared.
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Based on the ideology of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan that Muslims and Hindu do not have anything in common, created a rift between the two religious groups. Furthermore, the Hindu Raj attitude of the Congress sown the seeds for a separate Muslim party. The desire of a political party to cater to the needs of the Muslim community was further strengthened to oppose the principles followed by the Congress political party. On 30th December 1906 a distinct All India Muslim League at Dhaka was born to voice the Muslim community. The league was led by Aga Khan, as the President of the party.
The Muslim League promoted educational and economic backwardness of the Muslims. It propagated the extensive use of Urdu language and freedom to practice their religion. The League was set up to safeguard the rights of the Muslims and to prevent discrimination. It demanded reservation for Muslims in government services to make them economically secure. The party received recognition from the entire Muslim population. In 1913, Muhammad Ali Jinnah joined the League and took it forward. In 1940, Jinnah opposed the one nation theory for Hindu and Muslims to co-exist. For the next seven years, the Muslim League pressed for a separate nation for Muslims. On 14th August 1947, the party was successful in establishing an independent nation – Pakistan, for the Muslim community. The party renamed itself as All Pakistan Muslim League after partition. However, the League died a slow death and lost its popularity by 1957.
10 Lines on All India Muslim League 1906
- Muslims felt side-lined in a Hindu-majority nation, India.
- The feeling of anti-Hindu ran in the Muslim community.
- The Viceroy of British-India, Lord Minto instigated Muslims to form their own political party to benefit from the divide and rule policy.
- Dhaka (now in Bangladesh) witnessed the formation of a Muslim party called All India Muslim League on 30th December 1906.
- There were four prominent founders of the All India Muslim League – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Aga Khan III, Khwaja Salimullah, and Hakim Ajmal Khan.
- They sown the seeds of discriminated feeling in the Muslims in the Hindu-majority country.
- The purpose of forming the All India Muslim League was to promote the Muslim religion, provide education and employment to the backward class, etc.
- From 1940, Jinnah began to brainwash the Muslim community to demand a separate nation-state for Muslim-majority region.
- In 1947, the partition of India took place under the British Rule.
- The League renamed itself as All Pakistan Muslim League headed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
FAQ’s on Article on All India Muslim League 1906
What is the All India Muslim League 1906?
The All India Muslim League is a political party that was formed on 30th December 1906 in Dhaka to safeguard the interest of the Muslim Community.
Who was the most famous member of the All India Muslim League?
In 1913, Muhammad Ali Jinnah joined the League and became the most famous member of the All India Muslim League, since he spearheaded the partition of Pakistan from British-India.
What were the agendas of the All India Muslim League?
The prime purpose of the All India Muslim League was to win the faithfulness of the Muslims of India by protecting their political, religious, economic, and educational rights. They also felt the need to establish a separate nation for the Muslim community.
What happened to All India Muslim League after winning independence?
After forming their own nation, Pakistan, the All India Muslim League was renamed as All Pakistan Muslim League. After a decade of establishing the new nation, the League lost its shine and faded away.