Subject code AL3451 deals with semester IV of B.Tech Artificial Intelligence and Data Science regarding affiliated institutions of Anna University Regulation 2021 Syllabus. In this article, you can gather certain information relevant to the Machine Learning. We added the information by expertise.

We included the proper textbooks and references to assist in some way in your preparation. It will enhance your preparation and strategies to compete with the appropriate spirit with others in the examination. If you see, you can find the detailed syllabus of this subject unit-wise without leaving any topics from the unit. In this article AL3451 – Machine Learning Syllabus, You can simply read the following syllabus. Hope you prepare well for the examinations. I hope this information is useful. Don’t forget to share with your friends.

If you want to know more about the syllabus of B.Tech Artificial Intelligence And Data Science connected to an affiliated institution’s four-year undergraduate degree program. We provide you with a detailed Year-wise, semester-wise, and Subject-wise syllabus in the following link B.Tech. Artificial Intelligence And Data Science Syllabus Anna University, Regulation 2021.

**Aim of Objectives:**

- To understand the basic concepts of machine learning.
- To understand and build supervised learning models.
- To understand and build unsupervised learning models.
- To evaluate the algorithms based on corresponding metrics identified

**AL3451 – Machine Learning Syllabus**

**Unit I:** Introduction To Machine Learning

Review of Linear Algebra for machine learning; Introduction and motivation for machine learning; Examples of machine learning applications, Vapnik-Chervonenkis (VC) dimension, Probably Approximately Correct (PAC) learning, Hypothesis spaces, Inductive bias, Generalization, Bias variance trade-off.

**Unit II:** Supervised Learning

Linear Regression Models: Least squares, single & multiple variables, Bayesian linear regression, gradient descent, Linear Classification Models: Discriminant function – Perceptron algorithm, Probabilistic discriminative model – Logistic regression, Probabilistic generative model – Naive Bayes, Maximum margin classifier – Support vector machine, Decision Tree, Random Forests.

**Unit III:** Ensemble Techniques And Unsupervised Learning

Combining multiple learners: Model combination schemes, Voting, Ensemble Learning – bagging, boosting, stacking, Unsupervised learning: K-means, Instance Based Learning: KNN, Gaussian mixture models and Expectation maximization.

**Unit IV:** Neural Networks

Multilayer perceptron, activation functions, network training – gradient descent optimization – stochastic gradient descent, error backpropagation, from shallow networks to deep networks –Unit saturation (aka the vanishing gradient problem) – ReLU, hyperparameter tuning, batch normalization, regularization, dropout.

**Unit V:** Design And Analysis Of Machine Learning Experiments

Guidelines for machine learning experiments, Cross Validation (CV) and resampling – K-fold CV, bootstrapping, measuring classifier performance, assessing a single classification algorithm and comparing two classification algorithms – t test, McNemar’s test, K-fold CV paired t test.

**Text Books:**

- Ethem Alpaydin, “Introduction to Machine Learning”, MIT Press, Fourth Edition, 2020.
- Stephen Marsland, “Machine Learning: An Algorithmic Perspective, “Second Edition”, CRC Press, 2014.

**References:**

- Christopher M. Bishop, “Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning”, Springer, 2006.
- Tom Mitchell, “Machine Learning”, McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition, 1997.
- Mehryar Mohri, Afshin Rostamizadeh, Ameet Talwalkar, “Foundations of Machine Learning”, Second Edition, MIT Press, 2012, 2018.
- Ian Goodfellow, Yoshua Bengio, Aaron Courville, “Deep Learning”, MIT Press, 2016
- Sebastain Raschka, Vahid Mirjalili, “Python Machine Learning”, Packt publishing, 3rd Edition, 2019.

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