Kerala Plus One English Textbook Answers Unit 6 Chapter 2 Is Society Dead? (Article)
Read and Respond (Textbook Page No. 169-171)
What aspect of New York did the author notice?
The aspect of New York that the author noticed was that its night life was very much dead.
The day life in New York is powerfully presented in these lines. Suppose you describe the same in your own city, what points will you note?
When I describe my own city, I will note the roads full of vehicles, noise of people talking and rushing and the street vendors shouting to sell their goods, and so on.
Have you noticed i-Pod people in your own town too?Is here any difference between the i-Pod generation in New York and those in your own town?
There are i-pod users in my town too. The i-pod generation in New York emit strange ‘ tuneless harsh noise. But the i-pod users in my town do not make such noises.
What, according to the author, are the markers to identify the i-Pod generation?
According to the author, the i-Pod people walk down the street in their MP3 cocoon, bumping into others, deaf to small social cues, shutting out anyone not in their bubble. Every now and then they emit harsh and loud noise and their fingers snap when people say ‘Excuse me’ or ‘Hello’ there is no response.
This article is replete with powerful anti-technology words for presenting the arguments of the author. Try to list down those expressions, eg. anesthetized technology.
The expressions the author uses are: In their MP3 cocoon, emitting strange timeless squawks, their fingers snap and their arms twitch, glazed pupils, white box worshipers, compulsive obsession, atomization by white boxes and cell phones, hermit crabs, addictive cults, white wires hanging from their ears and i-pod generation.
Why does the author say that technology has given us a universe entirely for ourselves?
People today are cut off from the affairs of the world by their technological devices. They do not see or hear anything of the world because they are totally immersed in a world of their own choice. All technological devices like the satellite radio, cable TV and cell phone support the exclusion of this world. So the author says that technology has given us a universe entirely for ourselves.
The author has described the experiences of music in the past and the present to drive home this point. Compare the experience of music in the past with the experience of music in the present.
In the past music was an experience shared by people. Music was available in the living room or the concert hall. It gave the same enjoyment to everyone. But in the present music is a secret and each person listens individually and we do not know what the other person is doing.
What were the nicer aspects of life that the author noticed when he forgot to take his i-Pod on a trip? How did the author enjoy the new experience?
When the writer forgot to take his i-pod, he noticed many nicer aspects of human life. He noticed the rhythms of others, the sound of the aeroplane, the opinions of the taxi-driver, and small social eves that he would not notice if he had his i-pod. He enjoyed the new experience as he felt connected to other and became more aware of the world around him.
Do you notice anything special about the ending of the essay?
Yes. The Author expresses a special happiness in having been freed himself from the slavery of modern devices like the i-pod. He realizes that the world has a special and interesting rhythm or sound track of its own and he encourages everyone to experience it.
Activity I: Writing (Textbook Page No. 172-173)
• Identify examples of facts and opinions from the article ‘Is Society Dead’?
|a) I was visiting New York last week.|
b) When people say excuse me’ there is no response.
c) You get your news from your favourite blogs.
d) Technology has given us a world enterly for ourselves.
e) Human beings have never lived like this before.
f) We have always had homes, retreats or place where we went to relax.
|a) Each was in his/her own musical world.|
b) I witnessed the glazed New York look.
c) Don’t ask, don’t tell, do not over hear don’t observe. Just tune in and tune out.
d) The serendipity of meeting a new stranger, hearing a piece of music we would never choose ourselves, etc.
e) External stimulation can crowd out the interior mind.
Activity II: Short Essay (Textbook Page No. 173)
• This article you have read discusses how technology, especially the MP3, kills social interaction in the lives of people. Being a member of a technology-friendly generation, you intend to argue for the benefits of technology in enhancing social interaction. What are the points that you will bring in, other than the ones listed below? Sit in groups and find a few more points.
- Technology makes communication faster.
- Technology affords diverse formats of interaction.
- Technology keeps everyone busy.
- Technology has knitted the whole world together.
- Technology has made people to live in comfort.
• Prepare a short essay on the topic: ‘Technology: Making Society Alive’ to be published in ‘TECH WATCH’, the school magazine tracking the latest developments in the technology field.
Technology Making Society Alive
It is technology that rules the world today. If you visit an ordinary family you will be surprised to see that each member is busy with some modern gadgets. You will see the elder member viewing television programmes, either for information or for entertainment. They can change the channels according to their wish, view whatever things that happen at the moment in the various parts of the world. The little children in the family may be found to be playing computer games or watching comic/ cartoon pictures on the screen. Young people keep themselves busy chatting over their mobile phones. They have also other devices like i-Pods and i-Pads, MP3 and a host of other gadgets. The consequence is that you cannot talk to any member of the family. Technology keeps everyone busy.
Technology has knitted the whole world together. You need just click a button, any part of the world is before you. You can see your friends dear ones and chat to them. Even people who live in far away places can feel the presence of their dear ones and speak to them as if they are very close to them. Facebook and What’s App have revolutionized the society. You can exchange news or pictures or anything at any moment when we wish. The society has become so alive in society that we do not see people keeping themselves lazy. The contributions of technology have made people to live in comfort. There is a tendency for people to misuse these modern gadgets. Their excessive use, especially by children can make them addicts or slaves. Technology on the whole, made society very lively.
Is Society Dead? Exam Oriented (Theory Exam) Questions & Answers
Questions Based on Passages
• “It was sometimes solitary but it was primarily a shared experience, sometimes that brought people together”
What does it refer to in the passage?
‘It’ refers to music.
What is the author trying to bring out?
The author is trying to bring out the difference between music experience in the past and the present.
How does the poet explain the difference between music experience in the past and the present?
In the past music was an experience shared by people. You had it in the living room or concert hall and it was a shared experience. In the present, music is a secret and each person listens to it individually and we do not whether the other person is listening to and so we will never get to know him.
Is Society Dead? About the Author
Andrew Michael Sullivan is a British author, editor and blogger in America. He is an influential commentator, lecturer and journalist.
Is Society Dead? Summary in English
The essay ‘Is Society Dead’ gives us a critical perspective on the use of technology and five senses are instruments to connect to society. Ears are for listening to the myriads of sounds coming from the world and respond accordingly. The author tells us how the i-pod has blocked our ears to the sounds of the world and voice of other human beings. It has even changed the shared music experience of the concert hall to an isolated and secret one in modern world.
The social edge of the music is lost when it is selected and prearranged in the way we need and is listened through ear-phones. We plane everything before hand through technology and thus lose the surprises of life. Once earphone are fixed in the ear, we lose contact with the wonderful world of sounds around us. The author exhorts us to open up our senses to the surprising experience of the human world and thus become part of it.
Is Society Dead? Summary in Malayalam
Is Society Dead? Glossary