Kerala Plus One English Textbook Answers Unit 6 Chapter 1 The Cyber Space (Essay)
Read and Reflect (Textbook Page No. 164-166)
What is special about the ‘modem psyche’?
The modern psyche likes to make rules instead of following them.
What is cyberspace? How has it evolved over the years?
Cyberspace is the community of networked computers. It is the imagined space where electronic data goes. In the past it was a playground for computer experts and technology specialists, but now it is accessible to all people, including children.
What type of metaphor is used by the author to describe cyberspace?
To describe the cyberspace the author has used the metaphor of real estate.
Mention some of the traditional metaphors used to denote cyberspace
Some of the traditional metaphors used to denote cyberspace are highways and frontiers.
Why does the author maintain that censorship will not work in the case of cyberspace?
The author maintains that censorship will not work in the case of cyberspace because it is not a frontier where bad people can grab unsuspecting children. It is also not a giant television that telecasts offensive messages on unwilling viewers.
Why is cyberspace described as a voluntary destination? Do you agree with the author here?
Cyberspace is described as a voluntary destination because you have to go to some particular place. People are free to choose where to go and what to see. I fully agree with the author.
Who, according to the author, are the right people to set the standards?
According to the author, the right to set the standards of cyberspace rests with the cyberspace communities themselves.
What are the three major area of services available in cyberspace?
The three major area of service available in cyberspace are:
i. The private e-mail conversation.
ii. The information and entertainment services.
iii. The ‘real communities’ that is groups of people who communicate among themselves. In the last one, each participant contributes to a general conversation, which can be listened to or watched by other participants.
What is in store for cyber communication in future?
Cyber communities will have to have a moderator. This is because anyone is free to post anything. It is possible that there will be unwanted advertising and discussions that are not healthy. This can make the cyberspace too noisy. To check these negative elements a moderator would be needed.
What are the comparisons made by the author between cyberspace and terrestrial communities?
Cyberspace trees us from the tyranny of terrestrial power structures. Here communities of any size and kind can flourish.
Activity I: Writing (Textbook Page No. 167-168)
• Classify the ideas generated under the following heads. (Write the corresponding number)
Parents : 2, 4, 7
Teachers : 5, 8
Students : 1
Counsellors : 3, 6, 9
• Write an article on the use and misuse of cyberspace for your School Magazine using the hints given above.
The use and misuse of cyberspace (Article)
Along with the widespread use of computers, the uses and misuses of cyber space have increased. Cyberspace has excellent uses like getting information, passing on information and entertainment. But it also involves potential dangers. Now a day we hear a lot about cyber crimes. Here the culprits are mostly young people including students. We should always have an eye on such crimes and also should think about the ways in which we can avoid them. Vulgar and explicit sex material are available in plenty in cyberspace. Teen agers are especially curious about such material. There is every possibility of childrens watching them in their private rooms. This can be checked by keeping the computer in open place, where elders also have, easy access. Late night browsing should be discouraged Materials for assignments are directly down-loaded by students. This also should not be encouraged. Any material taken from cyber space should be adapted before use. The matter should be honestly acknowledged. Teachers must see that students do not overuse or misuse these facilities. Students should be made aware of the possible dangers. Like any bad habit the misuse of cyberspace can also develop into a habit. For this it is desirable that counselling is arranged for students in schools and colleges. Only through a combined effort by parents, teachers, counsellors and school/college authorities this will can be effectively prevented.
Activity II: E-mail (Textbook Page No. 168)
• What is the e-mail about?
This e-mail is an application for a job.
• How is it different from surface mails?
There are many ways in which e-mail is different from surface mails:
i. It has no address of receiver
ii. It has no date
iii. It has no signature of the sender
iv. The sender s name and address are given at the bottom with the mobile phone number and the e-mail address.
• Analyse the language structure, style and format of the e-mail.
The language is simple and direct. Block style is used. With all the paragraphs aligned to the left.
• Imagine that you organize a seminar on ‘Technology and English Lanuage Teaching’ in your school. In order to ensure the presence of the distinguished scholars invited, you write a detailed e-mail about the seminar. Draft the e-mail to be sent to the visiting dignitaries.
The Cyberspace About The Author
Esther Dyson is an American technology analyst who is a leading commentator on digital technology, biotechnology and space. ‘The Cyberspace’ is a discussion on the possibilities and challenges involved in using cyberspace.
The Cyberspace Summary in English
Modern psyche makes rules instead of following them. Cyberspace gives us this freedom of making our own rules. Today cyberspace is reached and used by everyone despite their technical know-how. This free accessibility and wise use of the cyberspace evokes discussion regarding its misuse. Cyberspace is a collection of space conceived in different ways according to purpose. Some are suitable to children and some for the grown-ups and some suit everyone. Thus it is a vast real estate. These are public spaces and private spaces. For example, e-mail is private and a video sharing site is public. It is very difficult to impose rules to control the use of this vast area. It needs self-ruler controlled by the choice of visitors and users. This multi functionality makes cyberspace very attractive. Private spaces like e-mail needs no control. The information and entertainment websites are to be partially regulated. Social net-work sites need control to moderate discussions that may be dragged into real space. However, cyber space liberates us from the power structure to an extent. Cyberspace of the future is to be ruled by self-reliant communities beyond all boundairies formed for protecting and supporting like-minded people in the world. This will form a global village.
The Cyberspace Summary in Malayalam
The Cyberspace Glossary