Kerala Plus One English Previous Year Question Paper March 2018 with Answers
|Plus One Previous Year Question Papers
Time Allowed: 21/2 hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum Marks: 80
General Instructions to Candidates:
- There is a ‘Cool off time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time of 21/2 hrs.
- You are neither allowed to write your answers nor to discuss anything with others during the ‘cool off time’.
- Read the questions carefully before answering.
- All questions are compulsory and the only internal choice is allowed.
- When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
- Electronic devices except nonprogrammable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.
(Questions 1 – 6): All questions are compulsory. Each carries two scores. (6 × 2 = 12)
In his essay, ‘Is Society Dead?’, Andrew Sullivan speaks about the many things that the ‘iPod generation’ misses. Ours is now a ‘smartphone generation’. What are the little pleasures of life missed by the new generation, when they are too involved with their smartphones? Write your responses in two sentences.
When the new generation is too much involved with their smart phones they miss may things – the funny piece of an overheard conversation that stays with them, the sight of the children that will take them back to their childhood, bird song, weather, accents and the laughter of others. They also miss those thoughts that come to their mind when they allow it to wander aimlessly through the background noise of human and mechanical life.
(Questions 2 & 3) : Read the lines from the poem, ‘The Wreck of the Titanic’ and answer the questions that follow.
And with these down the corridors of all time,
The Titanic’s story shall sound sublime,
For never was courage more noble and true,
Then was shown on that night, by the Titanic’s Crew.
Why is it said that the Titanic’s story shall-sound sublime?
The Titanic’s story shall sound sublime because the Titanic’s Crew showed great courage that was noble and true. Instead of rushing to save themselves in the lifeboats, the Crew helped women and children and other passengers to escape in the life boats and they themselves went down into the depths of the sea with the sinking Titanic.
Whose courage is mentioned here?
The courage of the Crew of the Titanic.
(Questions 4 – 6): Read the excerpt given below and answer the questions that follow.
Some people travel on business, some in search of health. But it is neither the sickly nor the men of affairs who fill the Grand hotels and the pockets of their proprietors. It is those who travel for pleasure as the phrase goes. Tourists are, in the main, a very gloomy-looking tribe. One wonders why they come abroad.
The fact is that very few travelers really like traveling. If they go to the trouble and expense of traveling, it is not so much from curiosity, for fun, or because they like to see things beautiful and strange, as out of a kind of snobbery. People travel for the same reason as they collect works of art: because the best people do it. To have been to certain spots on the earth’s surface is socially correct; and having been there, one is superior to those who have not. Moreover, traveling gives one something to talk about when one gets home, The subjects of conversation are not so numerous that one can neglect an opportunity of adding to one’s store.
Pick out the words that have the meaning ‘to neglect’ and ‘curiosity’ from the options given below.
to miss, to mix, inquisitiveness, uncertainty
to neglect – to miss
curiosity – inquisitiveness
Why, according to the author, do people travel?
People travel for business and in search of health. They also travel, especially tourists, because they want to be socially correct. By going to different places, they feel superior to those who have not gone there. Moreovertravelling gives people something to talk about when they get home. Travelling gives them new topics to talk about.
The writer tells us that people who travel rarely find happiness. Do you agree with this statement? Give your comments.
I don’t agree with the writer. Travelling does give pleasure to those who like travelling. When you see exotic birds and animals, historical places and monuments, the great cities and their wonders, different people and their cultures and styles, you definitely feel happy. Which traveller will not feel happy when he looks at the Taj Mahal, the Eiffel Tower of Paris, or the Great Wall of China?
(Questions 7 – 10): Answer any three questions. Each carries four scores. (3 × 4 = 12)
Reread the excerpt given above (for Questions 4 – 6) and write a precis reducing the passage into 1/3rd of its length.
There are different kinds of travellers. Some travel for business and some travel in search of health. But some, the tourists, travel for pleasure. The writer feels that many tourists travel not because of their curiosity, fun, or their desire to see beautiful and strange things, but out of snobbery, just to show off and boast.
If the victim of abuse is a woman, she has to carry its stigma and shame all her life. So, women, victims do not even mention the atrocities they face. In the Sacred Turtles of Kadavu, we see that the two women from Namuana were changed into turtles to escape from the fishermen from Nabukalevu. If they had come back, how should the society have received them? Write an email to your friend on how society can help victims of abuse to succeed in life.
Hi Geeta! How are things with you?
Today I want to tell you something about the way the society treats women who have been victims of abuse. Such women have to carry the stigma and shame of the abuse all their life. People look at them with some kind of contempt. This is utterly wrong. Society should look at the abusers and rapists with contempt.
The victims are innocent and if they are abused, it is not their fault. Sometimes we see the victims committing suicide. Why should they do that? Punishment should come to the abuser and not to the victim. The society should help the victims to feel respectable and they should be applauded for their courage in bringing out the crimes of the abusers.
In the story, ‘His First Flight’, the writer tells us about the first victory in the life of the young seagull. The helping hand for the maiden flight was extended by his mother. Have you not received such support in your life too? Narrate your experience in a paragraph.
Just like the young seagull was helped by his mother to make his first flight, I too was helped by my mother to overcome problems and succeed in life. I remember the day when I was in Class 1.1 had failed in my Arithmetic Test. I got 0. My friends ridiculed me and laughed at me saying that I was an idiot. I went home crying. I refused to go to school. But my mother raised my spirits by telling me that everybody makes mistakes and one should not feel dejected because of just one failure. She told me the story of Robert Bruce who learned the lesson of perseverance from a spider.
Bruce who was the King of Scotland was defeated and he ran away to a forest, utterly dejected. One day he was sitting and thinking about his cruel fate. He saw a spider jumping from one end of a rock to another rock to weave its web. It failed the first time, the second time and the third time. But it continued and on the 8th try it succeeded in reaching the other rock.
Bruce learned his lesson and he went back, organized his army and defeated his enemies and became the King once again. My mother taught me arithmetic by showing me practical examples and soon I became the first in the class scoring 100% marks in arithmetic.
The passage given below is an extract from a motivational speech. Fill in the blanks using appropriate forms of the words given in the brackets. Everybody is unique. If you ……….. (be) confident enough to break the shackles of uncertainty, you will be successful. Don’t brood over your past failures. I you ……….. (fail) in the past, you would learn lessons from it. If you ……….. (Pass) in all your attempts very easily, you would have been satisfied with those successes and ……….. (sit) simply with those.
(be) – are
(fail) – failed
(pass) – had passed
(sit) – sat
(Questions 11 – 20): Answer any eight questions. Each carries five scores. (8 × 5 = 40)
Read the statements given below about the narrator in the story, ‘The Serang of Ranagangi’.
- Young and inexperienced in my profession, I had not learned to control my feelings.
- Indeed, as I viewed my own outlook towards the future, my passionate desire for success and wealth, I was conscious of a secret shame.
- Silence – a vision of the Serang’s nobility rising before me.
Attempt a character sketch of the narrator in a paragraph on the basis of the statements given above and the impressions you have formed from reading the story.
The narrator is the physician on the ship named Ranaganji sailing to Calcutta with nearly 1500 passengers. After a few days of travel, Hasan, the serang of the ship, brought to him two lascar deck hands who had small pox. The narrator informed Captain Hamble about the sick people. Small pox is highly contagious and there was a need to keep the news a secret as the passengers would panic if they heard about it.
Hasan volunteered to nurse the sick people. He made a shelter in the stern of the ship into which the infected persons were removed. Later there were more people and the number of the sick went up to 14. When two sick men who were Hindus died, Hasan sewed their shrouds and read aloud a short passage from the Ramayana, although he himself was a devout Muslim. It showed his religious tolerance. Their bodies were cast overboard.
When the ship reached Colombo, the sick men were taken to the hospital and Hasan was in the forefront to help them, although some of them were with running sores of smallpox. Normally no one would dare to do such things because small pox used to be such a killer disease. Hasan’s example impressed the narrator very much. The narrator, Cronin, was young and inexperienced in his profession and he had not learned to control his feelings. He had a passionate desire for success and wealth.
In fact he was conscious of a secret shame that he is just a physician on a ship and nothing better than that. But here he saw the serang’s selflessness, courage, and sacrificing spirit and this was a great lesson to the author. He learned that greatness can come without wealth and position and that was a new vision to him.
The recent Ockhi disaster wreaked havoc in the lives of hundreds of people in coastal Kerala. The tragedy warns us that our weather forecasting technology needs to improve. Write a letter to the editor of a popular daily expressing your concern over the delay in the forecasts and the need for better technology and more proactive staff.
The Indian Express
OCKHI DISASTER AND ITS AFTERMATH
The Cyclonic Storm Ockhi that lashed the Kerala shores in the first week of December 2017 caused severe damages to structures and property and claimed the lives of at least 218 people of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Many are still missing and there is no news about them. Hundreds of fishermen lost their fishing vessels and nets and their homes were devastated.
In these modem times when technology is so advanced, such heavy damages could have been prevented with timely interference from the authorities. The authorities are playing the blame-game. Cyclone warnings from the Indian Meteorological Department came too late. Its earlier warnings of a “deep depression” went unheeded by state disaster management officials. Rescue operations also saw delays. Fishing community leaders alleged that ships and helicopters pressed into service were inadequate in number and ill-equipped.
The affected communities showed their anger against state officials who in turn blamed central agencies. There is a need for better technology and more proactive staff to prevent the recurrence of such tragedies. We can’t stop storms and cyclones but we can definitely limit their damages by being well prepared to face them.
Read the lines from the poem, ‘Sunrise on the Hills’ given below.
If thou wouldst read a lesson, that will keep
Thy heart from fainting and thy soul from sleep
Go to the woods and hills!
More than a nature poem, it sounds like a plea for an escape from daily worries and concerns. Do you agree? Write your comments in a paragraph of 75 words.
I quite agree with the observation that the poem “Sunrise on the Hills” is a plea for an escape from daily worries and concerns and not just a nature poem. People are worried all the time. When I read this poem I am reminded of Omar Khayyam’s famous lines: “Dead yesterday, unborn tomorrow, Why fret about them if today be sweet?” Modem man rushes to churches, mosques and temples and pilgrimage spots seeking peace.
Peace is there in nature itself. Only we have to open our eyes and ears to see the beauty of nature and its solacing power. For Wordsworth, Nature was a teacher, guide and philosopher who could teach man all sorts values and moral lessons. Let man go to the woods and hills and he can definitely keep his heart from fainting and his soul from sleeping.
In the poem, ‘To Sleep’, William Wordsworth speaks about his experience of staying sleepless at night. Give five suggestions for a sound sleep.
- Fill your mind with pleasant thoughts before you go to sleep. If you work hard during the day, sleep will come to you automatically.
- Be optimistic. Always think tomorrow will be better than today.
- Don’t let daily problems take away your sleep; problems are part of life and they will go on coming.
- Have faith in God and pray to him to give you the capacity to face things and to endure things. Life is short and one should not spend his time in worries and anxieties.
- Make sure that you have done at least a good thing during the day and then you can think of the happiness it has brought to its benefactor. There is more joy in giving than in taking.
You are a travel guide and you are assigned the task of preparing a travel info by the tour and travel coordinator of the travel agency you work with. Prepare a travel info of a place of your choice focusing on the facilities of transportation, major attractions, food, etc.
Travel Info about Ooty:
Ooty is a popular hill station. Its full name is Ooiacamund. It is located 86 km north of Coimbatore and 128 km south of Mysore. Ooty is the capital of the Nilgiris district. Actually the total straight line distance between Thrissur and Ooty is 111 kilometers (about 70 miles). But the driving distance between Thrissur to Ooty is 223 KM or 139 miles as the roads are not often straight.
The travel is by luxury coach which has facilities for music and films. The time for the travel is around 5 hours with a stop of about 20 minutes for snacks at Coimbatore. We will leave Thrissur at 02.00 a.m. so that we reach Ooty by 7 ‘o’clock. We will have breakfast at Ooty in an excellent restaurant. You can have South Indian, North Indian or Continental breakfast.
After breakfast, the first place we are going to is the Government Rose Garden. It has one of the largest collections of roses in the country with more than 20,000 varieties of roses. Then we will go to the 22- acre Ooty Botanical Gardens. It is lush, green and well maintained. Since this is the month of May there is a Flower Show and an exhibition of rare plant species. The gardens have nearly a thousand species, both exotic and indigenous, of plants, shrubs, ferns, trees and bonsai plants.
Our lunch will be in a luxury hotel where different kinds of cuisine are available. You can have Indian, Chinese or Continental Meal. We recommend the Chinese Meal. After lunch, we go to the Deer Sanctuary located on the edge of Ooty Lake. It has a number of species of deer and other animals. We will also go for a boating in Pykara Lake in Ooty. There is the Kamaraj Sagar Dam which is a picnic spot and also a film shoot location. By 6 pm, we will start our return journey reaching Thrissur around 11 p.m.
Edit the following passage.
‘The Price of Flowers’ are a story wrote by Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyay. It speaks about the selfless love of a fourteen-year girl towards her family. The title indicates that though she sacrifices only a shilling, it have a far greater worth. The price of flowers cannot be measure.
‘The Price of Flowers’ is a story written by Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyay. It speaks about the selfless love of a fourteen year old girl towards her family. The title indicates that though she sacrifices only a shilling, it has a far greater worth. The price of flowers cannot be measured.
The story, ‘Gooseberries’ tells us how Nicholai Ivanich attains his goal and long cherished dream. If you were a reporter, how would you cover the success story of Nicholai? Write the newspaper report, giving it a suitable title.
Ivan and Nicholai are brothers. Both are seeking to be happy. Ivan is a veterinary doctor and he finds his happiness in freedom. Nicholai is an official at the Exchequer. Nicholai is two years younger than Ivan. Nicholai is fed up with his job – sitting in the same place and writing out the same documents. His dreams were centered around a farmhouse with a garden, an orchard, a fishpond and above all a gooseberry bush.
He lives like a miser to get his ideal place. He even marries an old ugly widow to fulfill his dream. In the end, he buys an estate with a farmhouse but it had no orchard, no duck-pond and no gooseberry bush. He plants some gooseberry bushes in his new estate. His joy in life is going on eating the gooseberries his gooseberry bushes produce.
Time passed. After many years Ivan wanted to visit his brother Nicholai in his estate. When Ivan saw him Nicholai looked old, stout and flabby. His cheeks, nose and lips were hanging loosely. But Nicholai said he was doing very well. He took Ivan to see his estate. In the evening when they were having tea, the cook laid a plateful of gooseberries on the table. They were from Nicholai’s farm, plucked for the first time since the bushes were planted. Nicholai laughed with joy and fora minute or two.
He looked at the gooseberries with tears in his eyes. He could not speak for the excitement. He said they were good and asked Ivan to try one. The gooseberry was hard and sour but Ivan saw a happy man in Nicholai whose dearest dream had come true.
After reading the story, ‘Conceptual Fruit1 your class conducts a group discussion on the topic, ‘Differently abled Children and Technology’. As the member who initiates the discussion, what would you say? Write your views on the topic in a paragraph.
The topic for our Group Discussion today is “Differently Abled Children and Technology”. Technology can enable differently abled children to realize many of their dreams and contribute positively to the society. We recently (March 2018) heard about the death of Stephen Hawking who was always seen in a wheelchair because of his so many disabilities. But he became a world renowned scientist and professor at the University of Cambridge. It was technology that enabled him to achieve his dreams.
In the story “Conceptual Fruit” by Thaisa Frank we learned how technology helped the differently abled girl Greta get her dream fulfilled through technology. Greta goes to a special school. She is 16, but at a much lower class than her younger brother. She could tie her shoes only by the age of 10. She has some desires. She wants to have a big house. She loves peaches. She also loves cats. Her father is quite a loving father. He tries hard to make his daughter happy. He can’t buy her a real house. Instead, he makes her a house on cyberspace.
Greta wants a blue bowl in every room. She wants peaches in the kitchen and living room and all the bedrooms. She wants 11 windows covered with sheer white curtains. She wants a kitchen, a dining room, a living room, a bedroom fora cat. She and her father make plans for the house in cyberspace. Greta is very happy to see the kind of house she wants. Her loving father hopes that one day Greta may live in a house of her dreams! Technology has made her dream come true, even if it is on cyberspace. Technology can thus help differently abled children in their education, entertainment and also in realising their cherished dreams.
Given below are the details in the life of Martin Luther King. Prepare his profile using the details.
Birth : 15th January 1929 in Atlanta, U.S.
Education : Morehouse College, University of Boston
Career : Activist
Spouse : Coretta Scott
Awards : Nobel Peace Prize (1964), Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977, posthumous)
Known for : Civil Rights Movement, Peace Movement
Died : 5th April 1968 by gunshot wound to head
Martin Luther King (Jr.) was born on 15 January 1929, in Atlanta, in the United States of America. His higher education was in Morehouse College, University of Boston. He was a Black Rights Activist because in those days the Blacks were seriously discriminated against by the Whites in America.
King married Coretta Scott, who gave him her full support in his activities as an Activist. King was a great speaker and a writer. His “I Have a Dream” speech aroused the emotions of both Blacks and Whites. This speech is much anthologized and is part of many School and College Text Books all over the freedom-loving world. He is known for his active part in the Civil Rights Movement and also the Peace Movement. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1964. He also posthumously received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. Unfortunately, he did not live long.
A racist murderer shot him in the head and he died of the gunshot wound on 5 April 1968. When Barack Obama, a Blackman, was elected President in 2009, many people all over the world thought that it was possible because of the pioneering work done by the great Martin Luther King (Jr.)
Study the poster given below.
Now, write your reflections on the idea conveyed through this poster on the basis of your reading the essay, ‘Going Out For a Walk’.
WALKING HELPS BOTH THE MIND AND THE BODY
Walking is an excellent form of exercise and it is good for our health. A person who walks for about three kilometers a day can maintain his physique very well. Walking gives exercise not only to the body but also the mind. As our muscles and body shake up, increasing the blood circulation, we see new things forcing our mind to think. Staying inside all the time makes one bored with life. Walking brings variety into our lives. Variety is the spice of life.
Doctors say that large numbers of people suffer from back pain due to lack of exercise. They say walking reduces back pain. When we walk, the fat accumulated in our body burns up. Then carbohydrates are burnt. Thus we clear our body from extra fat and carbohydrates.
Walking is an exercise which does not cost anything extra. You may need a good pair of walking shoes. These days there are many people who do sedentary jobs, which force them to sit down for long periods.
I like to go for walking with friends. When we walk, talking with friends, walking becomes doubly enjoyable. We forget the bodily exertion of walking and at the same time we exchange views on so many things. I prefer to walk early in the morning when the streets are not crowded. The air then will be fresh and without much dust. My advice to all the young boys and girls is to go to their schools on foot, if the distance is not much. Walking will make you healthy, wealthy and wise.
(Questions 21 – 23): Answer any two questions. Each carries eight scores. (2 × 8 = 16)
“He (Gandhiji) sent us to the villages, and the countryside hummed with the activity of innumerable messengers of the new gospel of action”, says Jawaharlal Nehru. Write an essay on the topic, ‘India lives in its villages’.
(Hints: Self – sustenance in food – importance of agricultural prosperity – farming – development – boost to the economy).
INDIA LIVES IN ITS VILLAGES
India lives in its villages. 60 percent of the population still lives in the villages of India. Indian villages have a very beautiful and attractive lifestyle. The Villages are free from the hustle and bustle of a city life. Villages are peaceful, calm, quiet and full of greenery where one can breathe fresh air.
The beauties of villages are described by the way villagers happily live in the small huts or houses, made with clay or mud. We can see g big open area with trees at the front and a vegetable garden at the backyard, surrounded by various trees. The villagers are socially knit together. Every evening they assemble in the village centre where chatting and talking goes on till late the night.
Indian village houses are Eco- friendly in nature. Most houses in the villages are built of bamboo ortimber and clay with thatched roofs. Wall and floor of the village houses are painted by a mixture of dirt, grass, and cow shit. Most of the people who live in villages are farmers, others work as potters, carpenters, blacksmiths, etc. Bulls are used for farming and other activities in the field. Women work hard planting rice, wheat or corn. They also weed the fields and do most of the work connected with the harvest.
Men do the harder jobs like tilling the land, driving bullock carts, clearing the forest and making houses. The villages of India produce the bulk of the food we consume in our cities. Without the agricultural outputs India can’t survive. Thus the villagers boost our economy. In fact people can stay in the cities because the villagers work hard to supply the things they need in the cities.
Often a question is asked which life is better: Village Life or City Life. I don’t deny that city life has its great attractions like higher educational and health facilities, entertainments of different sorts, easy travel and communication, etc. But cities also have their problems like over-crowdedness, polluted air and water and unhealthy competition. I personally feel that villages, with their natural beauty, clean air and water, camaraderie amongst the people with their innocence, are far better. If I am given a choice, I would live in a village.
The poem, ‘Death the Leveller’ undermines war heroism. Prepare the script of a speech on the topic, ‘War creates woes and not heroes’ to be delivered in the school assembly in connection with Hiroshima Day.
My dear friends,
Today we are observing Hiroshima Day. In the morning of August 6, 1945, the world witnessed the devastating impact of nuclear weapons for the very first time, when a U.S. plane dropped the atomic bomb “Little Boy” on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Around 140,000 people died as a consequence of the bombing. Many more were wounded and suffered different kinds of trauma. Properties worth millions of dollars were destroyed. Even the fields were devastated making them unfit for cultivation.
A rare opportunity to prevent the horror of a nuclear attack from ever happening again has emerged 72 years since the threat of a nuclear war started hanging over humanity. On July 7, 2017, 122 of the 193 members of the United Nations General Assembly agreed on a draft treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons.
“As a schoolgirl, I witnessed my city of Hiroshima blinded by the flash, flattened by the hurricane-like blast, burned in the heat of 4000 degrees Celsius and contaminated by the radiation of one atomic bomb,” said Setsuko Thurlow, peace activist and survivor of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima – she was only 13 at the time – who spoke to the delegates of the treaty negotiations.
India also has nuclear power; so has Pakistan. Recently North Korea destroyed its plant for manufacturing nuclear weapons. I think all countries that have stockpiled nuclear weapons must destroy them and free the world from another nuclear threat. The world should realize that in a war there are only woes and not heroes. There is nothing that can’t be solved through negotiations. Let’s hope and pray there won’t be another nuclear holocaust.
Read the poem given below and attempt an appreciation of the poem.
Figure it out for yourself, my lad,
You’ve all that the greatest of men have had,
Two arms, two hands, two legs, two eyes,
And a brain to use if you would be wise.
With this equipment, they all began,
So start for the top and say “I can”.
Look them over, the wise and great,
They take their food from a common plate
And similar knives and forks they use,
With similar laces, they tie their shoes,
The world considers them brave and smart.
But you’ve all they had when they made their start.
You can triumph and come to skill,
You can be great if only you will,
You’re well equipped for what fight you choose,
You have legs and arms and a brain to use,
And the man who has risen, great deeds to do
Began his life with no more than you.
Courage must come from the soul within,
The man must furnish the will to win,
So figure it out for yourself, my lad,
You were born with all that the great have had,
With your equipment, they all began.
Get hold of yourself, and say: “I can”.
The poem “Equipment” by Edgar Guest is about the qualities one should have to succeed. Successful people can be found everywhere. All are born equal. All have the same faculties at birth. All have two eyes, hands, legs, arms and a brain. The basic equipment we all have is the same.
Successful men don’t have any extra faculties when they are born. Like others, they too use ordinary forks and knives to eat their food. They don’t have any special shoes and they tie their laces the same way as others do. But successful people have the right attitude and they believe in their abilities.
Determination and courage are the secret of success. A successful man sets his goals and works hard to achieve them. He is not put off by obstacles. He always tells himself “I can”. So each one of us should tell ourselves “I can” and “I will”. Then nothing will be impossible for you because you have the same equipment like any other successful man.
It is an inspirational poem which gives us encouragement and motivation. It has 4 stanzas, each one with six lines. The poem is in rhyme. The rhyming scheme is aabbcc, three rhyming couplets in each stanza. There is a good example of parallelism when the poet says, “two arms, two hands, two legs, and two eyes.” It has fine rhythm and it is melodious and it gives us an excellent message that we must take to heart.