## What is Logarithmic Series Expansion ?

### Logarithmic Series

**Definition**

An expansion for log_{e }(1 + x) as a series of powers of x which is valid only, when |x|<1.

### Expansion of logarithmic series

Expansion of log_{e }(1 + x) if |x|<1 then

Replacing x by −x in the logarithmic series, we get

### Some Important results from logarithmic series

(2) The series expansion of log_{e }(1 + x) may fail to be valid, if |x| is not less than 1. It can be proved that the logarithmic series is valid for x = 1. Putting x = 1 in the logarithmic series.

We get,

(3) When x = −1, the logarithmic series does not have a sum. This is in conformity with the fact that log(1 – 1) is not a finite quantity.

### Difference between the exponential and logarithmic series

(2) In the exponential series the denominator of the terms involve factorial of natural numbers. But in the logarithmic series the terms do not contain factorials.

(3) The exponential series is valid for all the values of x. The logarithmic series is valid, when |x|< 1.