ICSE Geography Previous Year Question Paper 2009 Solved for Class 10
ICSE Paper 2009
Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.
Attempt seven questions in all.
Part I is compulsory. All questions from Part I are to be attempted.
A total of five questions are to be attempted from Part II.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
To be supplied with this Paper : Survey of India Map Sheet No. 45D/10
and 20 cm of twine.
(ii) The extract of Survey of India Map Sheet No. 45D/10 must not be taken out of the examination hall. It must be handed over to the Supervising Examiner on completion of the Paper.
(iii) The Map given at the end of this question paper must be detached, and after marking must be fastened to your answer booklet.
(iv) All sub-sections of the questions attempted must be answered in the correct serial order.
(v) All working including rough work should be done on the same answer sheet which is used to answer the rest of the paper.
PART I [30 Marks]
Attempt all questions from this Part.
Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:
(a) Give the four figure grid reference of a settlement with
(i) Spot height 261
(ii) Post Office 
(b) What is the difference in the pattern of drainage in grid square 1606 and in 1007 ? 
(c) Name two natural features seen in grid square 0910. 
(d) Calculate the distance in kilometers along the metalled road from the causeway East of Was to the distance stone 10. 
(e) (i) Which is a universally accepted scale ?
(ii) State the length of the given map in kilometres. 
(f) Give the six figure grid reference of:
(i) A temple South of Dhavli settlement.
(g) Which are the two different kind of roads shown in the map extract ? 
(h) Mention two main occupations shown on the map extract. 
(i) How are the gentle and steep slopes shown on a map ? 
(j) What do the following mean ?
(i) 3r in 1103.
(ii) Open Scrub in 1502. 
(k) What is the direction of Dattani and Dhavli from Chandela ? 
(l) Name two man made features in grid square 1210. 
(m) What do the words Motorable in dry season in grid square 1701 refer to ? What do they indicate about the rainfall received by the region shown in the map extract ? 
(a) Four fig grid reference of a settlement with :
(i) Spot height 261—1107
(ii) Post office—1003
(b) Drainage pattern in Grid Square:
(c) Two natural features in Square 0910 are:
(i) Seasonal tank
(ii) Broken ground or seasonal river.
(d) Distance in cm = 16
Distance in km = 16/2 (2 cm = 1 km) = 8 km.
(e) (i) Representative Fraction (RF) is universally accepted.
(ii) Length of the given map is 10.5 km.
(f) Six figure grid reference of:
(i) Temple south of Dhavli settlement—111072
(g) Two different kinds of roads shown in the map are cart track and metalled road.
(h) Main occupations shown on the map extract are:
(i) Gentle and steep slopes are shown on the map by the contour lines. If contours are drawn close together, they indicate steep slope. If the contours are drawn farther apart they indicate gentle slope.
(j) (i) 3r in 1103 means the relative height of an embankment is 3m.
(ii) Open scrub is an inferior growth of short, stunted vegetation where sheep and goat rearing is practiced.
(k) Direction of:
(i) Dattani from Chandela—West.
(ii) Dhavli from Chandela—North West.
(l) Two man made features in grid square 1210 are huts, wells and cart track.
(m) Motorable in dry season refer to a cart track that is not suitable to use in rainy season. It indicates that the given region receives low and seasonal rainfall.
(a) Mark and name Dhaka. 
(b) Label the river Kosi. 
(c) Shade and label the Siwalik range. 
(d) Label the river Godavari. 
(e) Mark and label the Coromandel coast. 
(f) Mark and label Vishakhapatnam, 
(g) Mark and label 82.5°E Meridian. 
(h) Shade and label an area oflaterite soil in peninsular India. 
(i) Mark with a bold line and name the Western Ghats. 
(j) Mark with arrows the direction of the Westerly depression winds. 
PART II [50 Marks]
Attempt any five questions from this Part.
(a) Name the two rivers which are common to India and Nepal. 
(b) By what name is the Brahmaputra known in:
(ii) Bangladesh ? 
(c) Distinguish between the Western coastal plains and the Eastern coastal plains. 
(d) With reference to Nepal, name the following :
(i) Two principal peaks of Nepal
(ii) Two Himalayan ranges bordering the Kathmandu valley. 
(a) Answer has not given due to out of present syllabus.
(b) Brahmaputra is known in:
(i) Tibet as Tsangpo
(ii) Bangladesh as Jamuna.
(c) Difference between wgstem and eastern coastal plains are:
|W. Coastal Plains||E. Coastal Plains|
|1. They extends from Rann of Kutch to Kanya Kumari||1. They extends from mouth of Ganga to Kanya Kumari.|
|2. They are narrow.||2. They are broader as many deltas are formed here by various rivers.|
|3. They are more suitable for harbours and ports.||3. They are more suitable for agriculture as they are more fertile.|
(d) Answer has not given due to out of present syllabus.
(a) Name the two major dams of the river Indus located in Pakistan. 
(b) In Bangladesh, waterways are the most important transportation system. Why ? 
(c) Which mountain ranges constitute the Purvanchal (Eastern Hills) ? 
(d) Give a single word for each of the following :
(i) The narrow valley lying between the Siwalik range and the Himachal range.
(ii) A salt water lake on the coast.
(iii) The highest peak in peninsular India. 
(a) Answer has not given due to out of present syllabus.
(b) Answer has not given due to out of present syllabus.
(c) Mountain ranges that constitute the Purvanchal are Patkoi hills, Naga hills, Jaintia hills, Garo hills, Khasi hill and Lushai hills.
(d) (i) Doon
(ii) Lagoon lake or back water lake.
(a) Mention two main features of the Indian Monsoon. 
(b) Mumbai receives rainfall in the summer season while Chennai receives rainfall from October to December. Why ? 
(c) Give reasons for the following :
(i) Most of Pakistan is predominantly dry.
(ii) The southern slopes of Nepal are more humid.
(iii) Jaipur has a higher annual range of temperature than Mumbai. 
(d) Given below is the climatic data of a station. Study the table and answer the questions that follow :
(i) Calculate the annual rainfall experienced by the station.
(ii) What is the annual range of temperature ?
(iii) Name the wettest month. 
(a) Two features of the Indian Monsoon are :
(i) Alternate dry and wet spells.
(ii) Reversal of winds according to the season.
(b) Mumbai receives rainfall in the summer season because it receives rainfall from S.W. Monsoon winds while Chennai receives its rainfall from N.E. Monsoon winds.
(c) (i),(ii) Answer has not given due to out of present syllabus.
(iii) Jaipur has higher annual range of temperature because it is far from the sea and lie in desert area which has higher range of temperature. Mumbai is close to the sea and has low range of temperature.
(d) (i) Annual rainfall experienced by the station is 128.7 cm.
(ii) Annual range of temperature is 12.1°C.
(iii) November is the wettest month.
(a) Name the soil which is formed due to high temperature and heavy rainfall with alternating wet and dry periods. Name two states where this type of soil is found. 
(b) Write any two characteristics of red soil. 
(c) What is conservation of soil ? Name any two farming techniques which help in soil conservation. 
(d) Explain the following terms :
(i) Transported soil.
(ii) In situ
(iii) Humus. 
(a) Laterite soil.
Two states where this soil is found are Karnataka and Orissa.
(b) Two characteristics of red soil are :
(i) It does not retain water as it is porous.
(ii) It is rich in iron but poor in nitrogen and phosphorus.
(c) Soil conservation is an effort, made by man to prevent soil erosion to retain the fertility of soil. It aims at prevention as well as reclamation of soil that has been damaged by natural phenomena.
Farming technique which help in soil conservation are :
(i) Contour ploughing
(ii) Terracing and contour bunding.
(d) (i) Transported soil—When soil is carried from the place of its origin to another place by the agents of gradation such as river is called transported soil, e.g., Alluvial soil.
(ii) In Situ—When the soil remains at the place of its origin it is called In situ. e.g. Black soil.
(iii) Humus—The decomposed form of plant remains, animal manure and dead animals is called humus. It makes the soil fertile, porous and light.
(a) Which state is the largest producer of mineral oil. Name any two oil refineries in India ? 
(b) Name any two off-shore oil fields of India. 
(c) (i) Name the oldest and the largest coal field in India.
(ii) Name any two raw materials derived from coal. 
(d) Name the different types of iron ore found in India. Which is the best quality iron ore ? 
(a) Largest producer state of mineral oil is Maharashtra.
Two oil refineries of India are:
- Trombay refinery (Gujarat)
- Mathura refinery (U.P.)
(b) Two off shore oil fields of India are :
- Mumbai high or Bombay high
- Aliabet oil field.
(c) (i) The oldest coal field in India is Raniganj.
The largest coal field in India is Jharia.
(ii) Two raw materials derived from coal are ammonia and benzol.
(d) Different types of iron ore found in India are:
(i) Hematite (ii) Magnetite (iii) Limonite
Magnetite is the best quality of iron as it contains more than 70% of iron.
(a) Explain two important characteristics of plantation farming. Name one important plantation crop. 
(b) Which state is the leading producer of Jute ? Give any two factors responsible for this. 
(c) (i) The yield of sugarcane is higher in the Deccan, Give two reasons for this.
(ii) Give one advantage and one disadvantage of ratoon cropping. 
(d) Define the following terms :
(iii) Arabica. 
(a) Two important characteristics of plantation farming are:
- Huge estates.
- Single crop farming (Mono culture)
One important plantation crop is tea.
(b) West Bengal is the leading producer of jute.
Two factors are:
- Alluvial soil is deposited by Ganga and its distributaries.
- It receives rainfall between 150 to 200 cm. and has 80% to 90% of relative humidity.
(c) (i) Yield in sugarcane is higher in the Deccan because:
- Climate of Deccan is free from summer loo and winter frost.
- Black lava soil with high fertility and retentivity of moisture is suitable for it.
(ii) Advantage of Ratoon crop: It is labour and time saving.
Disadvantage of Ratoon crop: It yields thinner canes with low sucrose content.
(d) (i) Ginning—It is a process of separation of cotton fibre from cotton seeds.
(ii) Answer has not given due to out of present syllabus.
(iii) Arabica—It is the best variety of coffee grown on commercial scale.
(a) Name the project which is a joint venture of India and Bhutan. On which river has it been constructed ? 
(b) Which is the most widespread non-conventional source of power ? Give a reason for your answer. 
(c) Distinguish between a Thermal power project and a Hydel power project. 
(d) Why is nuclear power generation carried out on a small scale in India ? 
Answer has not given due to out of present syllabus.
(a) Why is the silk industry considered as a small scale industry ? Name the two types of silk produced in India. 
(b) Name two important silk-waving centres in Karnataka. 
(c) Name any two by-products of the sugar industry. Give two uses of each. 
(d) Explain two factors affecting the development of the cotton textile in India. 
(a) Silk industry is considered as a small scale industry because it does not involve much labour or capital.
Two types of silk produced in India is Mulberry and Non-mulberry (Tasser, Eri and Muga).
(b) Two important silk weaving centres in Karnataka are : (i) Bangalore, (ii) Mysore.
(c) Two by products of the sugar industry are:
- Molasses—It is used in alcohol industry, synthetic rubber, fertilizers.
- Bagasse—It is used in making card board, paper and insulation board.
(d) Two factors affecting the development of the cotton textile in India are :
- Competition with synthetic textile.
- Obsolete Machinery.
(a) Which city is known as the electronic capital of India ? Name any two major centres of electronic products. 
(b) Most of the petrochemical units are in Maharashtra or Gujarat. Give two reasons to explain why. 
(c) With reference to Visveswaraya Iron and Steel Ltd., answer the following :
(i) Name the state in which it is located.
(ii) From where does it get iron ore and power supply ? 
(d) Give one important centre of production of each of the following :
(i) Integral Coach Factory (ICF)
(ii) Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd. (BHEL)
(iii) The Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT) 
(a) Bangalore is called electronic capital of India.
Two other electronic products centres are Hyderabad and Pune.
(b) (i) Most of the petrochemical units are in Maharashtra or Gujrat because these states have the maximum refineries and oil fields which can supply its basic requirement of Neptha or Ethylene and Benzene..
(ii) Transportation of product is easier to other countries through ports and being in central position in India, it can be transported in North as well as South.
(c) (i) Visveswaraya Iron and Steel Ltd. is located in Karnataka.
(ii) It get:
Iron ore: Kemmangundi mines
Power supply: Earlier it used charcoal from western ghats but now use hydro electricity from the Jog hydroelectric and Shravati power project.
(d) (i) Integral coach factory (ICF)—Perambur near Chennai.
(ii) Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL)—Ranipur (Haridwar)
(iii) The Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT)—Bangalore.