How to Write an Argumentative Essay: What Is An Argumentative Essay? The type of essay that presents arguments from both sides about an issue is called the Argumentative Essay. This genre of essay writing requires students to investigate a topic, collect information, evaluate evidence, and concisely establish an opinion.
But in an argumentative essay, both sides of the argument must be presented in an equally balanced manner. The evidence collection should valid, supporting the side you choose in the essay. In an argumentative essay, even though you will take a side based on the issue, you need to acknowledge the other side and discuss its pros and cons.
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Types Of Argumentative Essay
There are three types of approach to an argumentative essay:
- Classic Approach: In the essay, present the main argument, state your opinion, and provide researched shreds of evidence to show the reader that your stance is the correct one. This is the most popular type of argumentative essay; also the most simple and effective one. Also known as Aristotelian.
- Rogerian: Present the problem, address the opposite side, state your opinion, and explain to the reader why your idea is the more effective and beneficial one. Acknowledging both sides of the problem, this type of argument is effective for the polarizing topic, establishing a middle ground.
- Toulmin: Present your assertion and present pieces of evidence to back up the claim. This type of argument also establishes a polarizing effect but by presenting only one side of the argument.
Steps Of Writing An Argumentative Essay
This type of essay is a piece of writing that requires a student to take a stance on an issue. In a good argumentative essay, the author will try to persuade their readers and support their point of view by providing facts and facts to support their answer.
An argumentative essay requires extensive research on the topic from previously published articles and literature. This essay genre also requires factual research from interviews, experiments, and surveys to support the argument. A comprehensive and elaborate study on the topic allows students to learn about the issue and understand the different points of view to generate an opinion and support their argument with evidence.
These following steps should be followed in an argumentative essay:
- The Choosing Of A Topic: The choosing of an opinionated issue is essential for an argumentative essay. A topic that can be argued strongly for or against the subject helps the purpose of the essay. Select a topic of the essay that you already have a notion about, which makes the process of research on the issue easier.
- Doing Proper Research: Learn and explore the topic extensively and thoroughly. Going through different materials such as articles, interviews, and surveys regarding the topic help support your answer and make it stronger. Make sure to cover the pressing issues regarding the topic and address new angles regarding the subject that have not yet been explored. This will make the student’s essay more interesting for the examiner.
- Outlining: Once done with the research, outlining the essay helps the writing process. It also makes sure the no point is missed or overused, eventually making the essay wee-crafted. The outline of an argumentative essay includes a well-written introduction, two supporting paragraphs, a counterargument paragraph, and a conclusion for summing up.
- Introduction: The introduction of an argumentative essay requires major attention and an elaborate discussion. In this paragraph, a background on the topic should be given for making the reader aware of what you are going to address in this essay. Some of the questions that will enhance your introduction after inclusion are:
- What makes this topic so important?
- How does the topic affect others, including me?
- What to do about the issue?
- Include thesis statements in favor of the argument in the introduction as well.
- Supporting Paragraphs: The supporting paragraphs combine to form the major part of the essay’s body. In the first supporting paragraph, the main argument should be presented that supports the writer’s thesis. In the second supporting paragraph, the writer has to address the second argument to support their thesis. These paragraphs should include details, facts, statistics, examples, quotes, etc. that will support the writer’s argument.
- Counterargument: The counterargument is the second last paragraph in the essay situated just before the conclusion. In this paragraph, the writer has to imagine an objection to what the writer has been writing to establish earlier. It is like the other party addressing the motion in a debate. Where all along with the essay you have been stating your one point of view, now you have to imagine the issue from a different perspective. This can be achieved by looking at your topic and your stated points from the view of a critique.
- Conclusion: The major points of the essay must be used to summarize the entire essay in the concluding paragraph. The conclusion is one of the most significant paragraphs of the essay, and it required tremendous thought and attention while being formulated. The connection of the thesis with the body of the essay must be re-established in the conclusion. The main idea behind the issue discussed in the essay must be upheld in the last sentence of the conclusion paragraph in a clear and compelling tone.
- Fill In The Blanks: This step cannot be attempted unless the previous step of providing a well-developed outline is fulfilled. It is only then you can start writing in the blanks with relevant and well-researched information. While filling those gaps up you need to consider the strategy you are approaching from the options Classical, Rogerian or Toulmin.
- Edit: After finishing your essay, it is essential you read it thoroughly for potential edits that have the potential to improve your essay. Also, notice whether your essay ticks of all the following check-box points.
- Is the topic chosen a good one for anyone to argue in favour of or against?
- Were you able to convey your arguments well?
- Were the arguments backed up by examples and researches?
- Was a well-written counterargument also presented in the essay?
- Did the conclusion convey a compelling idea about the future of the topic chosen?
Argumentative Essay Writing Format
While writing an argumentative essay, the essay structure should be held together in the following format:
- A compact, crisp introductory paragraph with a well-defined thesis statement present in the introductory paragraph itself: In the first paragraph of an argumentative essay, the student should outline the topic and provide valuable information to understand your point of view. Why the topic is important to be discussed should be explained by the author. Next, the student should finally present the thesis statement. In one sentence, students should provide a concise one-sentence summary of the highlight of their point.
- Clear And Proper Transition Bet The Introduction, Body, And Conclusion: Transitions are the tool of a strong argumentative essay that holds the essay together. Without logical change, the reader will not be able to keep up with the argument. The transition from one paragraph should wrap up the idea and lead to the next section introducing a new concept.
- Body Paragraph, Including Evidential Support: There are several paragraphs in a typical argumentative essay. Each paragraph should be providing reasons and evidence to support your thesis. Every paragraph should be covering a piece of evidence that helps your point of view in the essay. It is necessary to support and explain how your pieces of evidence support the thesis. Addressing the opposite point of view and mentioning why you disapprove it is necessary. Students should say that how the opinions differing from their thesis might be out of date or not well informed.
- Evidence Supporting Your Answer: An argumentative essay requires well-researched, current, accurate and information to back up the thesis statement and oppose the other point of view. Shreds of evidence, such as examples, thesis, surveys, statistics, surveys, and research, help make a point of view stronger. The proofs can be logical, statistical, anecdotal, or factual.
Conclusion on How to Write an Argumentative Essay
This is the paragraph that summarises the points stated in the body paragraphs. Restate your thesis point and review the main points. A good conclusion appeals to the reader. In some conclusions, writers talk about their personal experience of how the topic affects them.
FAQ’s On How to Write an Argumentative Essay
How is an argumentative essay different from a persuasive one?
The purpose of an argumentative essay is similar to that of a persuasive one, but an argumentative essay requires more in-depth research about the topic. In an argumentative essay, it is expected that the author provides logical pieces of evidence to support his point of view in the argument to influence the reader(s). However, in a persuasive essay, the author uses allure, tactics, and strong emotions to convince the reader(s) to take his side.
Name five types of argument claims.
Once you are decided on what you will be arguments about, and your thesis statement will be, you should consider how you will be placing your perspective. These are the following five types of arguments to support your answer:
- Factual: Stating whether the statement is true or false.
- Definition: Providing the dictionary definition of what you are arguing about and giving your perspective about it.
- Importance: Stating the value of the topic and why it is necessary to be discussed.
- Causes and effects: What are the factors causing the issue and its impact on the world.
- Approach: What can you do about the problems after learning about it.