Herbs and Spices Vocabulary: There are a lot of words associated with herbs and spices in general like turmeric, ginger, or black spices etc. Still, vocabulary about herbs and spices comprises significant words which prove useful and valuable when you are a complete beginner in learning the different names of herbs and spices, and one may don’t know how to get started.
To help one get started, we’ve put up a hand-picked list of herbs and spices vocabulary just for you.
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List of Herbs and Spices Vocabulary Words in English
In an English-speaking supermarket, if you have a strong desire to cook and are in the market for herbs and spices, you will be confronted with rows and rows of products related to herbs names like lemongrass and spices names like coriander labelled with their English names. How lovely would it be to be capable of reading the labels on packages and knowing exactly what was inside?
Following this will be much easier to accomplish if you are familiar with the herbs list a-z. It is essential to note that the American and British versions of some words may differ. Learn the names of these herbs and spices to help you improve and increase your English vocabulary when talking about fruits and vegetables.
List of Herbs and Spices
- Bay leaves
- Mint leaves
- Spring onions/green onions
- Green chili
Coriander is known as an annual herb that belongs to the Apiaceae family. Chinese parsley, dhania, and cilantro are all names for this herb. Despite the fact that all parts of the plant are edible, it is the fresh leaves and dried seeds that are most commonly employed in culinary preparations.
Example: Fresh cilantro/coriander may be found in most stores and is inexpensive.
The globe artichoke, also known in the United States by the names French artichoke and green artichoke, is a variation of a type of thistle that is grown for its edible qualities. The edible component of the plant is comprised of the flower buds that are present before the flowers open up and bloom.
Example: The artichoke leaf has been found to help reduce cholesterol levels in the body.
Rosmarinus officinalis, generally known as rosemary, is a Mediterranean shrub with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and flowers in shades of white, blue, pink, and purple that blooms throughout the year. It was previously known by the scientific name Rosmarinus officinalis, which has now been replaced by a synonym.
Example: Their meal consisted of lamb and rosemary, and she shocked herself by devouring the entire plate.
The bay leaf is a fragrant leaf that is frequently used in cooking. It can be utilised whole or in a dried or crushed form, according to your preference. Unless eaten whole, bay leaves are fragrant and have a strong, bitter flavour when consumed. The smell of the bay leaf is more prominent than the taste of the leaf, as is the case with many spices and flavourings. When dried, the scent is herbal and slightly flowery, and it smells somewhat like oregano and thyme, to some extent.
Example: Bay leaves are extremely beneficial to our overall health.
Mentha (commonly known as mint, which comes from the Greek) is a genus of plants belonging to the Lamiaceae family (mint family). According to current estimates, there are between 13 and 24 species in existence, with the actual number of species unknown. Natural hybridization happens when the ranges of two or more species overlap. There are several hybrids and cultivars that have been developed.
Example: Drinking a cup of tea made from mint leaves might provide relief if you are experiencing stomach discomfort.
Basil, sometimes known as big basil, is a culinary herb that belongs to the Lamiaceae family. Tropical areas, ranging from central Africa to Southeast Asia, are home to the basil plant. It is a delicate plant that is utilised in a variety of cuisines throughout the world. There are several basil cultivars available, as well as other related species or hybrids that are also known as basil.
Example: It is the basil that lends the sauce its distinctive flavour and aroma.
Cloves are the quite aromatic flower buds of the Syzygium aromaticum tree, which is a member of the Myrtaceae family. They are indigenous to Indonesia’s Maluku Islands and are frequently used as a spice in the region. Cloves are accessible throughout the year as a result of the varied harvest seasons seen in different parts of the world.
Example: The numbing properties of clove oil are in addition to its bacteria-fighting abilities.
Olives are tiny fruits that are produced by olive trees and eaten (Olea europaea). They are a member of the drupes (stone fruits) family of fruits, which includes mangoes, cherries, peaches, almonds, and pistachios, among other fruits and nuts. Olives have a high concentration of vitamin E as well as other strong antioxidants.
Example: Olive is one of her favourite fruits since it represents calm.
The shallot is a kind of onion that is botanically distinct. Until 2010, the shallot was considered to be a distinct species, Allium ascalonicum, which is a synonym of the onion’s species name, Allium cepa. This classification was changed in 2010. The shallot species is officially known as A.-cepa, which is the right name.
Example: They are wonderful when paired with garlic, thyme, bay leaf, shallots, basil, tarragon, oregano, and cumin, and they are frequently used in dishes that include olives, peppers, and Spanish cuisine.
Turmeric is a flowering plant, Curcuma longa, that belongs to the ginger family, Zingiberaceae, and whose rhizomes are utilised in culinary preparations. It is used fresh or boiled in dried and water, after which it is ground into a powder that is deep orange-yellow in colour and commonly used as a colouring and flavouring agent in many Asian cuisines, particularly curries, as well as for dyeing. These characteristics are imparted by curcumin, the primary turmeric constituent, which is found in high concentrations of turmeric.
Example: Her turmeric pies are a particular favourite of mine.
Garlic is a bulbous blooming plant belonging to the Allium genus of the onion family. Some of the onion’s near cousins include the shallot, leek, chive, Welsh onion, and Chinese onion, to name a few. It was well-known to the ancient Egyptians and has been utilised as a culinary flavouring as well as a traditional medicinal for thousands of years.
Example: Garlic is one of my favourite flavours.
Ginger is a flowering plant whose rhizome, often known as ginger root or ginger, is extensively used as traditional medicine and also primary as a spice. Ginger is a member of the ginger family. There are annual pseudostems approximately a metre long bearing narrow leaf blades on this herbaceous perennial that grows in clusters..
Example: It didn’t have much of a ginger flavour to it.
When referring to the onion as a vegetable, it is also known as the bulb onion or common onion. It is the most extensively grown species of the Allium genus and is a root vegetable. The shallot is a kind of onion that is botanically distinct. Until 2010, the shallot was considered to be a distinct species from the other vegetables.
Example: Once the onion skin has been peeled away, you will discover another skin beneath it.
A variety of plants of the genus Allium are used to produce the vegetable known as scallions. Scallions have a milder flavour than most other types of onions. Garlic, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onions are all near cousins of Chinese onions.
The difference between scallions, green onions, and spring onions is their age, which is the amount of time they have been growing before being picked.
You can tell them apart by the shape of their bulbs: scallions have the thinnest bulbs, which are generally no broader than the onion’s stem, while green onions’ bulbs are somewhat bigger and spring onions’ bulbs are spherical.
Example: Salad, spring onions/green onions, black olives, and dark soft rye bread were served for lunch, along with local salami.
Cymbopogon, also known as lemongrass, barbed wire grass, silky heads, Cochin grass, Malabar grass, oily heads, citronella grass, or fever grass, is a genus of grasses native to Asia, Africa, Australia, and tropical islands that includes plants from Asia, Africa, Australia, and tropical islands. Cymbopogon is one of the members of the grass family.
Example: There is an odd and quite fascinating entrée section on the Lemongrass menu that is worth trying.
Chives, scientifically known as Allium schoenoprasum, are a type of flowering plant in the Amaryllidaceae family that produces edible leaves and blossoms. They are native to Europe and Asia.
They are quite closely related to the common onion, leek, scallion, garlic, shallot, and Chinese onion, among other vegetables.
Example: The chives and the scallops are frequently added to the veggies after they have been cooked.
Chilli peppers (from the Nahuatl chilli) are the berry-fruit of plants of the genus Capsicum, Solanaceae, which are native to South and Central America and part of the nightshade family. Chilli peppers are frequently used as a spice in various cuisines to give a pungent ‘heat’ to meals by combining them with other spices.
Example: She spiced up her cheese dip by adding green chilli peppers to make it a little hotter.