Food Security in India Essay: Food security means availability of adequate food grains to meet the domestic demand along with availability at the individual level, to sufficient quantities of food at affordable prices.
Despite rapid economic growth in recent years, low access to food by people living below the poverty line remains a crisis in India. Right to food is a fundamental right. Yet food security remains a farfetched dream in our country.
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Long and Short Essays on Food Security in India for Students and Kids in English
We provide children and students with essay samples on a long essay of 500 words and a short essay of 150 words on the topic “Food Security In India” for reference.
Long Essay on Food Security in India 500 Words in English
Long Essay on Food Security in India is usually given to classes 7, 8, 9, and 10.
Food security is a factor that ensures the public to have access to sufficient, sanitary and nutritious food to suffice their nutritional needs and food preference for them to live a healthy and active life. Food Security has three chief and closely related workings, which are the– availability of food, access to food, and absorption of food.
Even with India’s fast-growing economy throughout the past few years, food security among the below poverty line population still is a far-off dream in our nation. It is estimated that around 50% of children and infants are malnourished and about half of the pregnant women population are anaemic.
In 2016’s Global Hunger Index, India has been ranked 97th in 118 countries. In the history of this country, it has suffered from14 famines, the Bengal Famine in 1943 being the worst. Food availability here has been largely dependent on the monsoon season. Environmental situations like floods, droughts, depletion in soil fertility, erosion and waterlogging have created obstacles in the normal running of the agricultural activities. With increasing population, agricultural areas are getting occupied for accommodation areas, roads, factories and other activities.
In the past, multiple efforts were executed to attain food security by massively increasing food grain production. The Green Revolution during Indira Gandhi’s governance was a step towards achieving Food Security. Ultimately revolutionary self-sufficiency in food was achieved with the Green Revolution during the late 1960s and 1970s in India.
Over the years, the White Revolution and structural transformation in agro-industry have helped to make sure food security to a large degree. During the 1960s, the Government of India launched the Public Distribution System (PDS), to ensure physical and economic availability of food to all sectors of the society, principally for the poor.
In 1995, the “Mid Day Meal Scheme” was launched. This was a scheme to feed underprivileged school children. The “Antyoday Ann Yojana” scheme was launched in 2000 for the most economically background people; National Food Security Act 2013 etc. to supply food and nutritional security to every segment of the country.
But with the power of progressing science and innovation in today’s world India hopes to increase the rate of food production in the agricultural as well as the livestock area including pisciculture. Advance biotechnology used in agriculture to improve soil production by employing various environmental friendly tools for insect and pest management. These measures are to ensure national and household nutritional and food security, by reducing poverty at a rapid rate, and to achieve accelerated growth in the agricultural sector.
The supply chain between the farmers and the consumers should be shortened, and farmer-friendly marketing processes are to be introduced.Such efforts would bring about positive developments and prosperity for everyone living in India. In a big country like India with a rapidly growing population, a large chunk of it is malnourished and under-weight; thus, it’s necessary to attain food security. Therefore a second revolution is extremely necessary to bring about stability in the Food Security in this nation.
Short Essay on Food Security in India 150 Words in English
Short Essay on Food Security in India is usually given to classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Food security is a factor that ensures sufficient food supply to people, particularly those who are deprived of basic nutrition. Food security is a major concern in India. Ironically, the vision for food security in a primarily agricultural country seems distant from reality. There are nearly 19.5 crore undernourished people in India, according to the UN, which is equivalent to a quarter of the world’s hunger burden. Also, around 43% of children in this country are chronically malnourished.
India ranks 74 out of 113 major countries in food security index. Though the available nutritional standard is 100% of the requirement, India lags far behind in terms of quality protein intake at 20% which needs to be tackled by making available protein-rich food products at affordable prices. India needs to work on methods to improve the accessibility and affordability of protein-rich food products using the latest environmentally friendly technology without the need for additional land and water to make this nation 100% food secure.
10 Lines on Food Security in India in English
- Food is essential to the survival of people.
- Food Security is the availability of food and one’s access to it.
- A household is deemed food-secure when its occupants do not live in hunger or fear of starvation.
- Six million children die of hunger every year.
- More than 850 million people worldwide live every day being food insecure. One in seven people lives with a problem that can be fixed.
- Indian contributes a quarter of the population across the world suffering from hunger.
- There are 19.5 crore undernourished people in India.
- The Green Revolution was the first step taken in India to attain food security.
- Average India’s diet consists of grains and vegetables and is deficient in protein.
- India’s malnutrition figures are not coming down despite several government programmes, says a new report released by World Food Programme.
FAQ’s on Food Security in India Essay
What do you mean by food security in India?
According to the World Health Organization, food security is when people at all times have physical and economic access to adequate and nutritious food for a healthy and active life.
Does India have food security?
Data reports show that is the country with the largest population of food-insecure people. By 2019, 6.2+ crore people were living with food insecurity than the number in 2014.
What are the five components of food security?
5 components of food security:
- Availability of Food
- Access to Food
- Utilization of Food