Essay On Solar System and Planets: Essay On Solar System and Planets: Our solar system consists of eight planets and the various satellites associated with it. There were nine planets before, but pluto was derecognised as a planet. In this essay on solar systems and planets, we will be talking about each planet and its properties and unique facts. We have the sun around which all the eight planets revolve. An informative and comprehensive essay on solar systems and planets will be provided below.
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Long and Short Essays on Solar System and Planets for Students and Kids in English
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Long Essay On Solar System And Planets 500 Words in English
Find below a long essay on solar system and planets with a word limit of 600 is helpful for students of classes 7,8,9 and 10.
The universe consists of more than 500 solar systems as of now or as of our limited knowledge on the universe. Our solar system is present inside the Milkyway galaxy. The Milkyway galaxy is called so because the Romans named it as they found the earth’s skyline at night to resemble that of a band and a patch of milk. The solar system is the most important part of our Milkyway galaxy. According to experts and astronomers, the solar system is the only planetary body in the universe that supports life. And earth, a part of the solar system, is the only planet that supports life in the universe. But this can easily be false since man has not discovered all the aspects of our universe.
Solar systems consist of eight planets, which are Mercury, Venus, Mars, Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Pluto was also a planet but it was derecognized a few years ago because of its size. The main criteria for being a planet are it should orbit around the sun, it should have sufficient mass to assume hydrostatic equilibrium and it should have a clearly defined neighborhood around its orbit. Pluto failed in the second criterion. But Pluto is known as a dwarf planet. All these decisions of naming, recognizing and derecognizing of planetary objects are taken by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Basically, IAU is an international body that consists of astronomers and scientists all across the world with the main objective and goal of promoting and safeguarding the astronomical sciences in every sphere, through collective international cooperation.
Each planet present in the solar systems revolves around the sun inside their own orbits at their own speed. This is an essential criterion to be declared as a planet in the solar system.
Each of the planets that we mentioned has its own characteristics, which is given below
Characteristics of the Planets in the Solar System
- Mercury: Mercury also knows as the swift planet, is the smallest, hottest and the closet planet to the sun in the solar system. The temperature on Mercury can go as high as 450-degree Celcius on normal days but the nights are freezing cold. Mercury completes one revolution in 88 earth days. With a diameter of 4878 kilometers and a distance of 35 million miles from the sun, mercury is the fastest planet in the solar system
- Venus: Venus also called as a morning star, is the second closet planet to the sun in the solar system. With a distance of 67 million miles from the sun, Venus completes one complete revolution around the sun in 255 earth days. It is also known as the hottest planet in the solar system. On bright days, Venus is visible through the naked eye because it also one of the brightest planets
- Earth: The third planet in the solar system is the only known planet in the whole universe which can sustain life. Nicknamed as the blue planet, Earth completes one revolution around the sun in 365 earth days and is at a distance of 93 million miles from the sun. With a diameter of 12760 kilometres, the earth is covered with two-thirds of water on its surface. The presence of water and oxygen is what makes earth sustain life.
- Mars: Also known as the red planet is the fourth planet from the sun. It is called a red planet because of the presence of iron oxide on the Martian surface which gives it the red tinge. With a distance of 142 million miles from the sun, Mars completes one full revolution around the sun in 687 earth days. It is considered to be a cold planet and has certain physical and geographical features that are similar to the earth. It is most likely to be the next home for human beings after the Earth
- Jupiter: Nick-named as the giant planet of the solar system is fourth in line from the Sun and is the biggest known planet soo far. With a huge diameter of 139,822 kilometers and a distance of 484 million miles from the sun, Jupiter takes almost 4333 earth days to complete one revolution around the sun. Jupiter is known to have 79 natural satellites revolving around it. It also has great red spots and cloud bands surrounding the planet.
- Saturn: Known as the ringed planet, because of the numerous rings around it, which are made up of ice particles. Saturn is at a distance of 887 million miles from the sun and takes 10,759 earth days to complete one complete revolution around the sun. It has 62 natural satellites composed of ice
- Uranus: Uranus is the second largest planet with a diameter of 51,120 kilometers and takes 30,687 earth days to complete one revolution. It is also the coldest planet in the solar system
- Neptune: The last planet in the line is Neptune also called a big blue planet. It is 2.8 billion miles away from the sun and takes 60,190 earth days to complete one revolution.
Short Essay On Solar System and Planets 200 Words in English
Find below a short essay on solar system and planets with a word limit of 200 is helpful for students of classes 1,2,3,4,5 and 6.
Our solar system is made up of eight planets, which are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Each of these planets has unique characteristics and properties. Pluto is known as a dwarf planet which as at the farthest distance from the sun.
Mercury is the closest planet to the sun at a distance of 35 million miles from the sun. It is nicknamed as the swift planet. The second in line is the Venus, also knows as the morning star, is the brightest planet in the solar system which can be seen by human beings from earth. The third in line is Earth, known as the blue planet, which is the only known planet in the universe that supports life. The fourth in line is the Jupiter which is the biggest planet in the solar system with a diameter of 139,822 kilometres. The fifth in line is the Saturn known to be the ice planet of our solar system is at a distance of 887 million miles from the sun. The sixth in line is the Uranus which is the 2nd largest planet and is full of methane in its atmosphere. The last planet in the solar system is Neptune which is at a distance of 4.5 billion kilometres from the sun and has helium, hydrogen, ammonia and methane in its atmosphere.
- The Solar system consists of 8 planets and one Sun
- The 8 planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
- For a planetary body to be called a planet, it needs to fulfil the criteria given by IAU (International Astronomical Union)
- Internation Astronomical Union is responsible for discovering, naming and taking care of the science of astronomy in the world
- There are more than 500 solar systems in the universe.
- Each planet has its own properties and characteristics
- Earth is the only known planet to support life
- Jupiter is the biggest planet in the solar system
- Mercury is the smallest known planet
- Sun is not a planet but is considered as a star.
FAQ’s on Essay On Solar System and Planets
How many planets are there?
There are 8 planets
Is the sun a star or a planet?
Sun is a star located at the centre of our solar system
What is the most Earth-like planet?
Kepler-452b is the most Earth-like planet in the universe
What is the difference between a galaxy and a universe?
Galaxy is a cluster of stars while the universe consists of planets and celestial bodies.