Essay on Forest: Forests are rightly called as the lungs of the earth. They are the most important part of our ecosystem and are pivotal in maintaining the balance in the food cycle and the natural equilibrium on the planet. Forests cover almost 31% of the surface of the earth. They are a habitat for not only wildlife and trees but also to some of the rarest of rare animals and plants on earth.
Man has been using the resources of forests for thousands of years. As much as the forest has provided man with his livelihood, man has not given back to the forest as much as he should have. And this overuse, imbalance and greed of man have led to a disturbance in the natural cycle of the earth.
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In the article, we have provided a 600-word essay on forest our lifeline for assignments and projects which can be used by children and school students. We have also provided a 200-word essay on forest for kids to use and learn about essay on forest for class 2, 4, 5.
Long Essay on Forest in English
Forests are the lifeline of the existence of the earth. Without forest cover on this planet, devastating and cascading effects on the life cycle and climate change can be seen with a negative impact on human life.
Forests are made up on trees, shrubs, grasses, herbs and much more. They are home to millions of animal species and birds. Forests are also a blessing for mankind as it provides many resources that human beings can use in order to survive and prosper.
Importance of Forests
Let us understand why the forest is important, Forests are home to many wild animals like elephants, tiger, lion, cheetah, rhinoceros, wolves, etc., which would otherwise become extinct if they are made to live without forests. And these animals are of utmost importance for a healthy food cycle. Each animal, whether carnivorous or herbivores or omnivorous has to play their part in maintaining this food cycle. Any disturbance in the cycle will lead to a ripple effect that can affect the food chain which ultimately leads to the extinction of animals and human beings.
Secondly, forests provide resources like wood, nutrients, rare timber, food, fuel and much more to human beings for their survival. Early humans were solely dependant on the forest for food and fuel to eat and survive. But as man evolved and his mental horizon expanded, he started taking advantage of various other resources that forests provided us with, including cutting down forest land for agriculture purposes, killing animals for furs, horns and organs, and conducting deforestation drives to expand cities and villages.
This greed and irresponsibility of mankind have led to a decrease in the forest cover in the world leading to global warming, floods, desertification, forest fires, extinction, biodiversity losses and much more.
Effects of Deforestation
In this informative essay on forest, let us also discuss a few points on the effects of deforestation, essay on forest and wildlife.
Change in Climate and Animal Extinction: Forest is the main source of oxygen in the world. As man has been grabbing forest lands for urbanization and industrialization, the number of trees has reduced leading to less pumping of oxygen into the atmosphere on one hand and increase in emission of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and other toxic gases into the atmosphere, on the other hand, leading to climate change and global warming. These effects are seen in the extinction of polar bears in Antarctica and various other species of wildlife across the world. The effects of deforestation can be seen in the melting of glaciers leading to floods and famine around the world.
Agriculture and Food Cycle: The roots of the trees in the forest hold the soil together and provide nutrients to it. But as trees are cut-down, the soil becomes loose and starts eroding. The particles in the soil get eroded day by day and are carried away by wind and water leading to desertification of land. This desertified land, with no nutrients and humus in the soil, is basically not suitable for cultivation. So the man can not grow any crops on this land ever.
Also, the desertification effects can be seen on fertile soils as well, harming the agriculture cycle. The agriculture cycle is also ruined by unpredictable weather conditions, scanty rainfalls, flood and storms caused due to the effects of deforestation.
Forests, if not conserved properly, can lead to devastating effects. Man has to learn how to live and let live with forests and animals. Man is not the only animal on this planet. He is meant to share the forest resources with all the animals on the planet, for his own survival as well as to save the ecosystem.
Short Essay on Forest in English
We have provided a 150 to 200 words essay on the forest which can be used by school students and children for their assignments and projects.
Forests, being the lungs of the earth, have been a home and a source of livelihood for millions of animals, plants, trees, and also human beings, for thousands of years now. It has provided food and shelter and continues to provide the same to living things since the beginning of time.
There are various types of forests in the world with their own specific characteristics and a signature blend of trees and animals that they house. Some of the most commonly known types of forests are equatorial moist evergreen forests also known as rainforests, tropical deciduous forests, Mediterranean forests, coniferous forests, temperate forests, etc. Each forest has its own contribution in providing livelihood to human beings and other animals.
But unfortunately, due to events like globalization, industrialization, population explosion, agricultural expansion and various other seasons, forests are being cut down without realizing the impact that it will have on the planet. From climate change to the extinction of animals to soil erosion and desertification, deforestation will have a long-lasting and fatal impact on the earth and its ecosystem. The sooner we realize the importance of saving forests in our lives, the better it is for us as well as our future generations.
- Forests are the lungs of nature that provide oxygen for us to breathe, survive and maintain a healthy ecosystem
- Forests have been a source of livelihood for millions of plants and animals on the planet
- Forests provide food, fuel, and raw materials for human beings to use and prosper
- Forests provide us with medicinal herbs and plants that will cure deadly diseases against viruses and pathogens which would otherwise wipe out the animal species
- Forests help in preventing soil erosion and maintains and enhances the fertility of the soil
- Forests help in ecological balance and maintain a healthy food cycle in the system
- Many tribes around the world consider the forest as god and have a religious belief with respect to trees and animals. This helps them save and use the resources of the forest judiciously
- Deforestation will lead to climate change and an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere
- Removal of forest cover will lead to floods and famine in that region
- Man needs to learn how to use the resources of forest and at the same time increase the forest cover on the planet to save the nature so that future generation can savour the blessings that forests provide us with
FAQs on Essay on Forest
What will happen if the forests are destroyed completely?
There will be pandemics, floods, increase in temperature and other such bad effects on nature that will ultimately wipe out living things from the face of the planet
Who should protect forests?
It is each and every individual’s responsibility to protect forests and not just governments or business houses
Which is the largest forest in the world?
Amazon forest, located in South America and Europe is the largest forest in the world
How many types of forests are there?
There are 3 types of forests in the world which are tropical forests, boreal forests and temperate forests