Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development: India is not just made up of sky crappers and fancy malls. The real India and the true essence of the country lie in its rural parts. While urban India in the brain of the country, rural India is its heart. And this is true not just for India, but any other country in the world.
And the backbone of rural India is agriculture. Agriculture is not just livelihood for the people, but its the way of life for people in the rural parts.
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Long and Short Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development
In this article, we provided students and children with a long and short essay on agriculture and rural development that they can use in submitting there assignments and project works.
Long Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development
We have provided a 600-word essay on agriculture and rural development below.
A country’s true development and economic prowess lie in how well it can take care of its rural areas. While urban areas get the most limelight from international communities and the media alike, it accounts for not more than 5% of total India’s population. Large and tall buildings, resorts, malls, highways, dams, power plants and other such infrastructure development is needed for the country to develop. But these should not be confined to just the urban population. If a country needs real development and become a superpower in the world, then a uniform development across both the urban and rural parts is necessary.
India, to most extent, has neglected its rural sides in terms of development. And this has resulted in the mass exodus of migrant populations from rural to urban areas in search of a better standard of living. This is further increasing the pressure on our cities like Delhi, Bengaluru, Mumbai or Chennai.
The desire to earn money and have a better standard of living is a basic human tendency seen cross all spectrums and rural population is no different,
Hence, in this essay on agriculture and rural development, I will be talking about the challenges in rural areas and how to find lasting solutions for them.
Challenges Faced in Agriculture and Rural Development
Any problem that rural India and agriculture industry faces, it directly results in the food security of the country
Infrastructure: Infrastructure in this context does not mean buildings or malls. The rural infrastructure consists of proper roads, sanitation facilities, irrigation facilities, canals, dams, and much more. All these are required to sustain the growing demand for agriculture in the country as a result of the population boom. Hence, the way we take care of our rural India directly reflects upon the development priorities in urban India. Needless to say, both are intertwined.
Social Awareness: The lack of social awareness is a burning issue in a country like India. Right from female foeticide to communication and gender discrimination, rural India has been facing such social stigmas for a very long time. Concrete actions, awareness campaigns and policies need to be in place to change these dynamics in the future.
Negligence: How many big corporations and multinational companies have you seen in rural areas. Everyone wants to treat rural India as just the market place to sell products but never as a hub for production and manufacturing. There are several reasons for this one. Some of them are lack of skilled laborers, lack of proper connectivity, political and social distress and corruption combined with red-tape bureaucracy
So what are the long term solutions and immediate remedies for these problems?
- Give financial support to agricultural activities in rural areas
- Provide farmers with technological expertise to have them inculcate efficient farming methods
- Impart quality education to rural people so that all the harmful social stigmas are eliminated
- Give importance to local governance. This is because centralised governance will lack the picture of ground realities and the actual problems that people face. Local bodies and gram panchayats are better off in understanding and finding a concrete solution to people’s problems
- Awareness campaigns need to be conducted to educate people about social issues like female infanticide, gender discrimination, migration, family planning etc
More than 75% of India’s population are from rural areas. Most of the youth from India’s villages migrate to urban cities in search of better-paying jobs to help their families. But not all of them succeed in there endeavors. Urban areas have benefitted from migration as they got cheap labour for factories and construction works. Migration has been a pivotal issue in India since independence and the effects of it are seen during the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in not just India, but across the world.
Short Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development in English
Below, we have provided a 150 to 200-word essay on agriculture and rural development for children and school students
Mahatma Gandhi always endorsed small scale cottage industries in rural India. He believed that they are the true heroes of our nation’s economy and that train of thought holds true even in today’s scenarios. The development of rural India is of utmost importance for the development of the country. If India needs to become the next superpower in the world, it needs to tap into the potential of rural India. Given its size and population, no business house can afford to neglect the consumer spending power in rural India.
But all these potential can only be tapped into if there is some development seen. Globalisation has led to a decline in cottage industries and village level businesses. But a pandemic like a coronavirus has made people realise the benefit of self-sufficiency and localised economy. Globalisation has its own perks but to support India and its development, MSMEs and cottage industries need all kinds of support from the government and our financial system.
India has many heroes that rural population should look up like M.S Swaminatha, the father of the green revolution in India, Varghese Kurien, the father of the white revolution in India. Today’s government needs to fulfill the vision of such people as well as freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Vallebhai Patel who were the gladiators of India’s rural development.
- Agriculture is the backbone of our nation’s economy
- More than 50% of India’s population resides in its rural parts
- India is the second-largest producer of agricultural products in the world and all the credits go to rural India
- Rural India needs improvement in education and infrastructure
- The density population in rural India is 400 persons per square kilometre
- Panchayat system of governance should be given priority and more power for proper governance of rural areas
- Health, education and road and rail connectivity should be improved in rural areas so that the overall development of the country can be achieved
- The economic and social life in rural India is below par in comparison to that of urban India
- Migration from rural to the urban areas, in many parts of the world, is a serious threat to social and geographic stability
- Lack of social awareness and proper education is a big problem that rural people face
FAQs on Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development
How many people reside in rural India?
More than 83 crore people are residing in rural India
What is the biggest problem that rural India faces?
Some of the biggest problems are the lack of infrastructure in health and education sector
Why do people migrate from rural areas?
In search of better job opportunities, people migrate to urban areas
Who is the greatest leader to emerge from rural India?
Varghese Kurien, the father of the white revolution is considered as the greatest leader for rural India in recent times