Electoral College Essay: By the term electoral college, a body of people is indicated in the United States who are essentially electors. This body is constituted every four years, which elects the President and the Vice President.
In the countries which have provision for the electoral college, the members are elected from amongst the elected candidates of the legislature. In India, such members are also selected from the Union territories.
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Long and Short Essays on Electoral College for Students and Kids in English
We are providing students with samples of essay on an extended piece of 500 words and short writing of 150 words on the topic “Electoral College Essay” for reference.
Long Essay on Electoral College 500 Words in English
Long Essay on Electoral College is usually given to classes 7, 8, 9, and 10.
In India, the election of President and the Vice-President takes place indirectly, through an electoral college. The electoral colleges for these two elections are separate and vary in composition.
For the election of President, the electoral members are chosen mainly from Legislative assemblies of the states and the union territories. Still, for the election of vice-president, the electoral college has elected members from the Parliament houses, that is, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
If the value of an MLA vote for electoral college needs to be calculated, it can be done by a formula. The total population of the state from which the MLA is gets divided by the total of the elected members in the Legislative Assembly of the State. This is then multiplied by 1000.
The history of electoral colleges can be traced back to the examples of Finland and Brazil in the 1900s. Finland elected the country’s President through an electoral college in the year 1944. Similarly, it was Brazil which elected its President through an electoral college during the military rule. Argentina too established its original electoral college back in 1853.
In the case of the USA, the electoral members are elected from a total of 50 states and also a federal district. The electors are chosen by the public, which forms the electoral college and then votes for the President or the Vice-President. Similarly, in the case of France, also the locally elected representatives constitute the electoral college. In China, the electoral college is the electoral committee set up in Hong Kong and Macau.
The importance of the electoral college is immense in the USA. Donald Trump could win the elections only because the electoral college was in favour of him. It acted as an overruling factor that Hilary Clinton had the popular vote. The votes in an electoral college depend, although partially, on the representation of the House. Thus, in the USA, the most populated states like California, Texas, Florida and New York have the maximum expression.
When the various political parties look for candidates for the post of President or the Vice-President, they solely look for the factor whether the candidate would be able to seek the maximum votes from the electoral college or not. Even if the candidate is a celebrity, there is no guarantee that he would win the confidence of the electoral college. Every electoral college has provision for each state to provide at least three votes.
As of now, many questions are being raised against the electoral college of the United States of America. It is argued that the electoral college is the main reason behind an unfair voting system in the state.
It seriously causes discouragement if any third party or any individual might want to run for a candidature. This is because he or she might not be able to win over the electoral college. The electoral college also has a method that the winner is the one who gets the sole advantage, which is quite unjust for the other candidates. Voting should never be the power solely in the hands of the electoral college.
Short Essay on Electoral College 150 Words in English
Short Essay on Electoral College is usually given to classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
A representative body, especially elected to elect the President or the Vice-President of the country is the electoral body. Such a provision is made in many of the nations, like India, USA, France, China etc. This provision ensures that the election of the President takes place through a method of indirect election.
The general public elects the entire electoral college. In India and the USA, the states have the responsibility to select the members for this body. This method has begun in France and Brazil and is continued till date. The founding fathers of this body created it some 200 years ago. This body can bring political stability to any country and also has the power to protect the minority section.
Many times, such a provision creates unjust ruling and discourages individual and small parties to take part in the election. Although it helps maintain the unity of the country, many potential candidates cannot take part in the run for candidature.
10 Lines on Electoral College Essay in English
1. The electoral college first came almost 200 years ago.
2. The 42nd amendment act in India established the college.
3. The extension for Indian electoral college was through 84th amendment.
4. The states and Union territories choose the college candidates
5. It is responsible for making the voting system unfair.
6. The first electoral college came in 1787.
7. Donald Trump had the confidence of the electoral college.
8. Each state gets to put at least three votes.
9. China has only two electoral colleges.
10. Electoral colleges unify the country.
FAQ’s on Electoral College Essay
Which countries have electoral colleges?
There are many countries to have this provision. USA, China, India, Argentina are some of them.
Which amendment establish an electoral college in India?
In India, the provision was made by the 42nd amendment act.
How does this system work?
The voters of the country select the electoral college members. This body is then responsible for electing the President and the Vice President.
How are the number of electoral colleges determined?
The population of the states and the cotes of the public determine the number.