Election Commission of India Essay: India is the second-largest democracy in the world and has numerous elections conducted every year right from state elections to district elections to panchayat election. The central elections to elect the prime minister of India is conducted every five years in the country. All these elections are conducted by the election commission of India which was established in the year 1950.
In this particular essay on election commission of India, we shall be talking about the various roles and responsibilities of the Election Commission of India Essay as well as the various works that the body has done in the last 70 years of independent India.
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Long and Short Essays on Election Commission of India for Students and Kids in English
600-word long essay on Election Commission of India and a 200-word short essay on Election Commission of India is provided below. Both of these essays can be used by school students and college students as well as UPSC civil services aspirants.
Long Essay on Election Commission of India in English
Election Commission of India Essay is usually given to classes 7, 8, 9, and 10.
The title of the largest democracy in the world belongs to India and most of the credit for this title goes to the important role that Election Commission of India plays in maintaining the democratic values of the country in line with the constitution of India. Election Commission of India is an independent and autonomous body that was formed in the year 1950 after India attained Independence from the British.
Election Commission of India also known as ECI has various roles and responsibilities and the major one is to have a smooth functioning electoral procedure in the country. For a country as big and as diverse as India with the population of 135 crore people, it is not an easy task to conduct elections at such a massive scale and Election Commission of India has been doing it for the past 70 years which is a commendable feat in itself.
Election Commission of India has been adapting to changes in the election scenarios of the country as and when required. They have increasingly adopted the power of technology to conduct smooth elections in the country. Electronic voting machines or popularly known as EVM’s was introduced in the 2004 Lok Sabha election. This was a revolutionary step taken by the election commission of India that reduced the discrepancies and fraud during elections. ECI also introduced the system of voter ID in the year 1993 that further helped to smoothen the process of elections. It gave a clear and distinct identity for people who are eligible to vote and distinguished them from people who weren’t eligible to vote.
One of the most revolutionary steps taken by Election Commission of India was to introduce the options None Of The Above (NOTA). This was an important option in a country like India where every political party and candidates can be corrupt and not suitable to lead the people. In such cases, people can send out a message saying that none of the leaders who were standing for the election is capable enough to let them. The concept of None Of The Above (NOTA) represents the condition of the political parties in India and this innovative step taken by the election commission of India was lauded by the international community.
But not everything is hunky-dory with respect to Election Commission of India. In the last 70 years, the Election Commission of India has faced a lot of criticism from various aspects of life within India and outside India as well. Introduction of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) has come under criticism for its inaccuracy and the possibility of hampering by various political parties of India such as Bhartiya Janata Party, Indian National Congress and Samajwadi Party. There are petitions lying in the Supreme court of India to discard the concept of electronic voting machines and to bring back the pen and paper ballot system for conducting a free and fair election in the country. The debate about banning EVMs is still going on even in the year 2020.
Election Commission of India has also been criticized for failing to implement the model code of conduct during the elections of 2014 and 2019 Lok Sabha. Political leaders have the tendency of creating hate speeches and warmongering statements against a certain section of society and the opposition parties during election time. It is the responsibility of the Election Commission of India to prevent such hate speeches from being propagated in the country that can harm the impact of the election results.
Inspite of robust laws and policies in place, the Election Commission of India has failed to implement this model code of conduct in the last few years. There has been criticism that Election Commission of India has been compromised and is acting as a mouthpiece for the Government of India. This is dangerous precedence because the Election Commission of India should not be influenced by any other bodies in the country. Election Commission of India should only follow and obey the constitution of India and not any other institution in the country.
Short Essay on Election Commission of India 200 Words in English
Election Commission of India Essay is usually given to classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Election Commission of India is an autonomous and independent body under the constitution of India that was established in the year 1950. The major roles and responsibilities of the election commission of India are to conduct free and fair elections in the country and to implement the values of democracy and secularism in the society.
There are various milestones that the Election Commission of India has brought about in its 70 years of existence in the country. Some of the notable achievements of the ECI is the introduction of an electronic voting machine in the 2004 Lok Sabha elections. Another laudable achievement by the ECI is the introduction of voter ID for the people of the country. Introduction of nota in 2014 is another example of how efficiently ECI works on its own. Robust and bold implementation of model code of conduct during the Lok Sabha elections of 2009 was another milestone to remember.
India is the largest democracy in the world and most of the credit for it goes to independent bodies in India such as election commission which are not influenced by any government or political ideologies. Although, in recent years there has been criticism that the ECI has come under the influence of certain sections of society and political ideologies which is a dangerous precedence for the democratic fabric of the country.
- Election Commission of India is an independent and an autonomous body under the constitution of India.
- Election Commission of India helps in conducting smooth elections on national, state and district level of the country.
- The ECI was first established in the year 1950.
- The concept of the electronic voting machine was introduced by ECI in the year 2004 for the Lok Sabha polls.
- Election Commission of India has a separate application on Google Play Store to see and track the candidates and the constituencies to help voter make better decisions during elections.
- ECI has one or more election commissioners and one chief election commissioner.
- Sukumar Sen is the first election commissioner of India who served from 1950 to 1958
- The state election commissioner will be appointed by the governor of the state for a 4-year term and should be confirmed by the majority of members elected.
- Sunil Arora is the present Chief Election Election Commissioner of India.
- The headquarters of election commission of India is situated in New Delhi.
FAQ’s on Election Commission of India Essay
What are the roles and responsibilities of election commission of India?
The election commission of India is responsible for the conduct of union, state and district level elections in the country without fear or favour.
What is EVM?
EVM which stands for the electronic voting machine, is an alternative for ballot paper voting machine which is more accurate and easy to handle the election processes.
What are a few criticisms of ECI?
Election Commission of India has faced few criticisms in its handling of model code of conduct and tampering of EVMs in recent years.
Who elects the election commissioner of India?
The President of India appoints chief election commissioner and election commissioners for up to a tenure of 6 years.