Disaster Management Essay: Every country should have a plan and an outlay to maintain or mitigate the cause of disasters, both man-made and natural. Disaster management is a term that is usually referred to as the management of resources and responsibilities in dealing with the losses of life and property in a disaster like an earthquake, volcanic eruptions, epidemics and pandemics. The whole world is in the disaster management mode due to the COVID-19 pandemic that has gripped the whole world from the past few months. But this essay on disaster management is not confined to that aspect.
Countries that were disaster-ready are coping up with the pandemic relatively well than the countries that had neglected the importance of disaster management.
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Long and Short essay on Disaster Management for school Students and Kids in English
In this article, we have provided a disaster management Essay of 500-word as well as a 200-word short essay on disaster management that students can use in their project work, tests, exams, assignment and essay writing competitions.
Long essay on Disaster Management in English 500 words
Disaster can be of both man-made as well of natural causes. Earthquakes, floods and volcanic eruptions are usually considered as natural disasters while bomb explosion, gas leakage and wars are considered as man-made disasters. These categorizations of disaster as man-made and natural are in itself a dispute because certain natural calamities are directly linked to the man-made drudgery. In this essay on disaster management, we will be talking about the importance of disaster management as well as how well countries are prepared for the upcoming disasters.
What is the importance of disaster management?
The crux of the essay on disaster management lies in understanding the importance of why disaster management is necessary for every country. Therefore, we have provided three main reasons why every country should have robust policies on disaster management
Reduce the potential loss of lives
Organizations such as the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) are the ones that take necessary actions during and before disasters. In fact, there is nothing that we as humans can do during a disaster, like the one that’s e are living in, COVID-19 pandemic. Disaster management always should have long term planning and everything should be in place well before the occurrence of disasters. This robust planning beforehand will reduce the losses to life and property.
As we have seen the cyclone Amphan that has hit India and Bangladesh on the Bay of Bengal coast, the preparedness of the authorities led to the mass evacuation of people in the red zones, which helped save millions of lives. If proper planning is not in place, then millions of lives will be lost, like we have seen in the USA, Italy or Spain due to the COVID 19 pandemic. The healthcare systems were not able to cope up with the number of coronavirus infected people rushing to the hospitals as a result of which, millions of lives were lost, which would have otherwise been saved if proper disaster management policies were in place.
There are certain disasters whose effect on loss on lives cannot be averted even if proper disaster management policies are in place because, let us accept it, nature keeps throwing surprises at us all the time. But disaster management policies are not framed to just prevent the loss, but how to overcome losses. In the case of floods or earthquakes, many families and in certain cases, entire communities will be displaced and their basic livelihoods will be affected. A proper rehabilitation program should be in place to help them get back on their feet to lead a normal life again. The government should provide employment opportunities to the affected people along with health and monetary befits to the families of the lost ones.
As the saying goes prevention is better than cure, a good disaster management policy will have an efficient long term plan to prevent the disaster from happening in the first place. While this particular essay on disaster management covers measures to save human life, we should also be talking about saving the environment, without which a good essay on disaster management will not be complete.
Many of the so-called natural disasters that are happening around us such as floods and earthquakes are a result of man’s greed and exploitation of nature. Increased agriculture, deforestation, globalization, carbon emissions are some of the things that man has done that indirectly or directly results in floods, famines and pandemics in the world.
While disaster can be prevented if the man is responsible for nature, even if it cannot be prevented, at least every government in the world should have efficient disaster management policies in place to prevent the impact of the disaster on human beings as well as nature.
Short essay on disaster management in English 200 words
Find below a 200-word short essay on disaster management which can be used by children in school and college essay writing competition.
Disasters can come anytime and anywhere without warnings. It is the responsibility of the government to have proper disaster management laws and policies in the country so that when the disasters do occur, the prevention of lives and property will be easier. Disaster management also includes the prevention of disaster in the first place.
But this is easier said than done. All the stakeholders including the common citizen should come together to prevent this from happening. Planning, organizing, reducing and implementing are some of the core functionalities of a disaster management relief force.
Climate change, global warming, globalization, rapid industrialization, agriculture expansion, deforestation and population explosion are some of the problems that disaster management policies should address. At the same time, disaster management is not just about saving human lives, it should also include plans to save animal and wildlife as well as forests and other such natural resources.
- Good disaster management should include both prevention and cure for the aftereffects of a disaster
- The governing body in India with regard to disaster management is the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
- Disaster are mostly two types, man-made and natural disaster
- Disaster need to be predicted and people near the vicinity of the location of diaster should be given relief measure immediately
- Preparedness, response and recovery are the three main core values governing a disaster management policy
- Some of the deadliest disasters are earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, storms, pandemics and hurricanes
- Man-made disasters include wars, chemical explosions, gas leakages, forest fires and oil spills
- When a disaster like COVID 19 occurs, each country should support each other in the time of need
- Long term planning and vision is necessary to prevent disaster from happening
- Globalization, population, deforestation are some of the reasons for the natural occurrence of disasters like floods, famine and earthquakes
FAQ’s on Disaster Management Essay
What are the types of natural disasters?
Geophysical, hydrological, climatological, meteorological and biological disasters are the types of natural disasters
What is the main aim of disaster management?
Prevention, rescue and recover are the main aims of disaster management
Which is the worst disaster in the world?
The 1931 China floods in considered to be the worst disaster in the world with more than 4 million people killed because of it
When is the world disaster day?
13th October is considered as the international day for natural disaster reduction