CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 1 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 1.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 1
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 1 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 1 is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- All questions are compulsory.
- Answers to questions carrying 1 mark should approximately 10-20 words.
- Answers to questions carrying 3 marks should approximately 30-50 words.
- Answers to questions carrying 5 marks should approximately 75-100 words.
What is Intramural tournament? 1
Define Macro nutrients. 1
Define obesity. 1
What is SPD? 1
Enlist types of Disabilities. 1
What is Posture. 1
What do you mean by female athletes triad? 1
What do you mean by test? 1
Define ageing. 1
Define flexibility. 1
What is dislocation? 3
Describe three advantages of knock-out tournament. 1
Discuss Anatomical Difference. 3
Explain the procedure and benefits of Chakrasan. 3
Write regarding the physiological changes due to ageing. 3
Discuss the long term effects of exercise on respiratory system. 3
The school has proposed to organize sports activities for its school children. The Sports committee was formed and it proposed for inter-house sports competition. Entire school strength was divided into four houses and designated with different colours to differentiate houses. 3
(i) Which type of competition is being discussed for school children?
(ii) Name the various committees required for organization of the Competitions?
(iii) Enlist benefits of organizing such sports competition.
Explain types of aggression in sports. 3
Write about sports injuries in detail. 3
Explain extramural tournament. Draw a fixture of 9 teams by cycle method for League Tournament. 5
Elaborate the nutritive and non-nutritive components of diet. 5
Explain Osteoporosis and eating disorder in detail. 5
Explain Rikli and Jones senior citizen fitness test in detail. 5
Discuss psychological benefits of exercise in detail. 5
What is Speed? Explain the methods of speed development in detail. 5
How circuit training improves the performance of an athlete? 5
Intramural tournaments is the Recreational sports within walls of the institution.
Macro nutrients are the Class of chemical compounds which humans consume in the largest quantities to gain bulk of energy.
Obesity is the medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
SPD is known as Sensory Integration Dysfunction. It refers to the way the nervous system receives messages from the senses and turns them into appropriate motor and behavioral responses.
The types of disabilities are cognitive, Intellectual, and physical.
Posture is the arrangement of the body and its limbs.
Female athletes triad is associated with disordered eating, secondary amenorrhea and bone mineral disorder. These disorders lead to diminishing of physical performance and cause of morbidity or mortality.
A test is an instrument or activity used to accumulate data on a person’s ability to perform a specified task.
Ageing is becoming older.The accumulation of changes in a human being over time, encompassing physical, psychological and social changes.
Flexibility is the range of motion of body’s joint.
Dislocation is the Injury to a joint due to twisting the ends of the bones.
Advantages of knock-out tournament:
- Less expensive because the defeated team gets eliminated from competition.
- Helpful in enhancing the standard of sports.
- Minimum numbers of officials are required.
Anatomy is a science dealing with the structure of organisms and their parts. Men are stronger, have large body size and better endurance whereas women are lax, fragile and have a smaller heart.
Chakrasana – Chakra = Wheels
Procedure – Lie down on yoga mat looking upward, Legs -fold, below hips. Make sure sole of the feet touches the floor, Hands- beneath shoulders, Deep breaths, hands and legs – floor, slowly raise hips, shoulder and the head from the floor, Bend – back as far as possible , 1 minute.
Benefits – Reduces stress and tension , Reduces fat in abdomen area.
- Changes in gastrointestinal system – with ageing, production of hydrochloric acid, digestive enzymes and saliva reduces, it leads to the problem in metabolizing drugs and repairing damaged cells.
- Changes in urinary system – as mass of kidney decreases, the rate of blood filtration by kidney also reduces, as a result capacity of bladder decreases and residual urine increases.
- Changes in flexibility – elasticity of tendons, ligaments and joint capsule decreases with age, elderly person loses 8-10 cm of lower back and hip flexibility.
The long term effects of exercise on Respiratory system are:
- Increases the vital capacity (maximum amount of air that a person is capable of expelling from their lungs after maximum inhalation)
- Diffusion capacity increases
- Tidal volume (the volume of air breathed in and out at rest) increases after long term training
- Residual volume is found to be less in sports persons
- Intramural competition is being discussed for children.
- The various committees required for organisation of the competitions are – technical committee, finance committee, publicity committee, ceremony committee.
- The benefits of organising such sports competition are – talent finding, mass participation, socialization.
According to Baron and Richardson, “Aggression is defined as any form of behavior directed towards the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment.” Generally, it is considered negative psychological characteristic. Aggression is at times important also, as a rugby player uses it to tackle his opponent to win the ball.
Types of aggression are:
- Hostile – main aim is to harm the opponent. Example, in cricket when a bowler throws a bouncer to intentionally disturb the attentiveness of a bowler.
- Instrumental – main aim is to accomplish the goal by using aggression. It is used mostly by athletes.
Sports injuries are very common in this competitive world. They can be categorized as:
- Classification due to cause – it can be further classified into –
- Direct – Caused due to impact of external forces e.g. a hockey player receiving a bruise from being struck on the face by a stick during a game.
- Indirect – These injuries typically involve the athlete himself by damaging the soft tissues such as the ligaments, tendons or muscles.
- Overuse – Caused due to the overuse of body parts e.g. tennis elbow in javelin throwers.
- Classification due to types of tissues – it can be further classified into –
- Soft tissue – Like sprain, strain, abrasion etc.
- Hard tissue – These occur in bones and cartilages e.g. fracture.
The activities performed outside the walls of an institution are called extramurals tournament. They are highly significant as they provide ample opportunities for schools and children to show their sports capabilities. They also enhance the standard of sports performance.
Their objectives are to improve the standard of sports, provide experience and develop sportsmanship and leadership qualities. They also broaden the base of sports.
Fixture of 9 Teams
Nutrition is the science of foods which deals with the dynamic process in which the food constituent is digested, nutrients are absorbed and distributed to the tissues for utilization and wastes are disposed off from the body. Food is a mixture of various substances which are essential for life whereas nutrition is a dynamic process in which body is made healthy by consumption of food. The various components in food are-
- Proteins – It contains nitrogenous compounds which helps in repairing the tissues and body building. Its sources are-
Animals – meat, fish, egg, milk, cheese.
Plants – pulses, nuts, beans, oil seed.
- Carbohydrates – provide energy to the body. Its main sources are- Starch- wheat, rice, potatoes, etc
Sugar- honey, sugarcane, milk, etc.
Cellulose -fruits and vegetables
- Fats – It provides more calories, produces heat and potential energy, provides protection to vital organs such as heart, kidney and intestine. Sources-
Animals – milk, butter, cheese, egg
Vegetables – ground nut, mustard, sunflower, coconut
- Vitamins – these are complex organic compounds which act as catalyst in various body processes. Vitamin B and C are water soluble and Vitamin A, D and K are fat soluble.
- Minerals – They are minute quantities of chemicals, vital for smooth running of the body.
- Fiber or roughage – It is the dietary fibers help to clean out the digestive track and bowel and prevents infection and diseases. Examples are fruits and grains.
- Artificial sweeteners – It is the best substitute of sugar less calorie and carbohydrates.
- Water-prevents dehydration, helps in the removal of byproducts of cell metabolism.
- Color Compounds – It makes food more attractive and presentable.
- Flavor Compounds – It develops better taste of the food.
- Plant Compounds – They have non nutritive values and also contain colors and flavors.
Eating disorder – It is the major problem in female athletes. It occurs in players who want to improve their appearance in sports like diving, gymnastics, ballet, etc. It can lead to serious eating disorders like anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. Many sports have weight categories like in judo, boxing, wrestling, etc. so athletes try to lose weight. It can show following symptoms-
- Physical symptoms – accumulation of fatigue, fluctuation in body weight, frequent vomiting, sensitivity to cold, etc.
- Psychological symptoms – mood swing, anxiety, low self-esteem, obsession with body weight, shape and appearance etc.
- Behavioural symptoms – eating slowly, hesitation in social gatherings, isolation from friends, frequent trips to washroom shortly after meals, etc.
Eating disorders can be caused when a person is going through emotional or psychological problems or even due to the peer pressure of the society. Certain people may have genes that increase their risk of developing eating disorders.
Osteoporosis is the weakening of the bones due to the loss of bone density and improper bone formation. This condition can ruin athlete’s career because it may lead to stress fractures and other injuries. It remains unnoticed as it takes long time to develop.
Its symptoms can be back pain, bone fracture or even bad posture. Imbalance of thyroxin hormone can cause bone loss. Hyperthyroidism causes osteoporosis. It can also be caused ‘ due to improper diet leading towards low calcium intake and weakness. It is found mostly in
women because of menopause. The estrogen hormone is essential for healthy bones and after menopause level it falls leading to rapid decrease in bone density.
Rikli And Jones Senior Citizens Fitness Test was developed by Dr. Roberta and Dr. Jessie Jones of Fullerton University. It includes:
- Chair Stand Test – to measure leg strength and endurance
Procedure – The subject is advised to sit on the chair with arms crossed around the wrists and hands are kept close to the chest. After this the subject stands completely and then reaches again the same sitting position. This activity is repeated for 30 seconds.
- Arm Curl Test – to measure upper body strength.
Procedure – The subject sits on the chair keeping the back straight and holds weight in ! strong hand. The subject performs arm curls in 30 seconds.
- Back Scratch Test – to measure range of motion of shoulder.
Procedure – The subject is advised to stand initially. After this one hand is placed behind the head and other arm is bent behind the back. Test administrator helps in guiding the subject about the alignment of the fingertips. If the tip of both index finger touches, then the score is awarded zero. In case it is not touching the gap is measured and this is awarded as negative score. While overlapping distance is given as positive score. Reading is taken twice and the best score is awarded.
- Eight Foot Up and Go Test – to measure speed, agility and balance while moving. Procedure – A cone is placed 8 feet away from the chair which is placed away from wall. On the command “go” the subject starts before sitting on chair. The subject is advised to walk briskly and turn around the cone and again sits on the chair. The time is measured for this whole activity. The two trials are conducted. The best trial is counted for scoring,
- Six Minute Walk Test – to measure aerobic fitness.
Procedure-the walking course is marked in a 50 yard (45.72 meters) rectangular area dimensions 45><5 yards.
Psychological benefits of exercise:
- Improves mood-exercise is a great source of energy. It helps in changing mood. It stimulates various brain toxins which make us feel happy.
- Develops self-confidence -regular exercise increases strength which leads to better fitness and develops self confidence.
- Reduces depression – exercise act as antidepressant and recreational activities.
- Reduces anxiety and stress – regular exercise reduces muscle tension, frustration and anxiety. Exercise also reduces build up of stress hormones.
- Increases relaxation – people who do not work out regularly often face insomnia. Meditation is also a great source of relaxation.
- Improves self-esteem – regular exercise improves body image, self-worth and self esteem.
According to Barrow and McGee, “Speed is the capacity of an individual to perform successive movement of the same pattern at a fast rate”. According to G. Schnable, “It is the performance prerequisite to do motor actions under given conditions in minimum of time”.
Methods to develop Speed:
- Acceleration runs – adopted to develop speed, especially in attaining maximum speed from stationary position, runs are repeated again and again with sufficient intervals, sprinters usually achieve their maximum speed in 6 seconds after stationary position.
- Pace runs or races – running the whole distance of race at a constant speed, athlete runs the race with uniform speed, in longer races such as 800m or above races he must conserve his energy by reducing his speed.
- Development of reaction time – reaction time is the time taken to respond to a stimulus. It can be developed by giving practice of reacting repeatedly on a particular signal. The signal can be given through a whistle, sound, light, etc.
- By increasing stride length.
- By lifting the knees higher.
- By developing strength of the legs.
- By developing co-ordination between arms and legs.
It was developed by R.E. Morgan and G.T. Adamson. It is utilized to develop strength, power, endurance, speed, agility, flexibility and neuromuscular coordination. It is a formal type of training in which an athlete goes through a series of exercises that are arranged in a circuit. They can be arranged inside or outside, even on top of roofs. There are usually 5-10 stations in a circuit.
- Station no.l- Bench press—develops arms, chest and shoulders
- Station no.2- Dumb-bell squat—develops legs
- Station no.3- Chinning the bar—develops arms and shoulders
- Station no.4- Bench stepping—develops legs
- Station no.5- Press up—develops arms, chest and shoulders
- Station no.6- Sit-Ups—develops abdominal muscles
- Station no.7- Dumb-bell raising sideways—develops arms and shoulders
- Station no. 8- Skipping—develops legs
It improves sports performance as –
- It develops total fitness of the player.
- It provides interesting environment for the contestants.
- It can accommodate large group of players.
- It helps in increasing load from time to time.
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