CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Home Science Paper 3 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for class 12 Home Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Home Science Paper 3.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Home Science Paper 3
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Home Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- All questions are compulsory.
- There are total 25 questions.
- Questions no. 1-6 are for 1 mark, to be answered in one or two lines.
- Questions no. 7-13 are of 2 marks, to be answered in 10-20 words.
- Questions no. 14-15 are of 3 marks, to be answered in 20-30 words.
- Questions no. 16-21 are of 4 marks, to be answered in 40 words.
- Questions no. 22-25 are of 5 marks, to be answered in 50-60 words.
- Support your answers with suitable examples wherever required.
What do you mean by Cephalocandal principle of development ? Give one example.
Mention any two impacts of media on adolescents.
Why it is important to provide calcium to a nursing mother ? Give two reasons.
Write two features of DWCRA.
Point out one benefit and one drawback of investment in shares.
What is the effect of vertical lines in an apparel on the body shape of a person?
Adolescents are more vulnerable to substance abuse. Write any four consequences of it.
Present one difference and one similarity between General Provident Fund (GPF) and Public Provident Fund (PPF). Specify one common benefit of both
What are the four ways by which a student can earn a living after studying Food and Nutrition?
Name any two item with ECO mark and draw the logo of the same.
Prepare a checklist of four points for a cook to maintain personal hygiene in the kitchen while cooking.
Given any four long term goals for which a family should save money
Name a suitable chemical which can be used to purify drinking water when you are travelling. Describe the procedure of purifying water in three steps.
Give three suggestions with diagram to your tall and thin brother to choose a suitable design of Kurta for him.
At your home in the dinner-Fried Rice, Dal Palak and Boondi Raita has been served. Suggest three modifications in the menu for your father who is suffering from diarrhoea to suit his nutritional requirement. Also explain the reason for modifications.
Peers can exert positive pressure or negative pressure on a teenager. Support this statement with four examples each.
Write down the expansion of FSSAI. List down any six conditions under which foods is considered adulterated under FSSAI.
Prepare a format to record weekly family’s expenditure on food. State two advantages of recording this.
Your uncle wants to invest some money in any saving scheme. Name any two schemes which could help him. Write two benefits and two drawbacks of these schemes.
Give two ways each to create Balance and Rhythm in a frock of 5 year old girl.
Briefly describe the steps of laundering woolen sweater at home and list some important precautions while washing the garment.
Name any two life-style diseases. Give four dietary management for each of these diseases.
Radha wants to buy a silk saree for wedding. Suggest any four points she should consider while selecting her saree and also guide her any six ways to store it.
Your mother bought 2 kg of potatoes but when she weighed them at home, they were less than that. Mention four ways through which the shopkeepers generally cheat their customers. Tell her at least six buying tips which can safeguard her from such frauds in future.
Your friend Reeta is very short tempered. Over very small issues, she starts shouting and throwing things. Explain her six strategies which would help her in controlling her anger. What could be the consequences of this behaviour.
According to Cephalocandal principle of development, development starts from head and progresses towards feet. For example, In womb, the head of the foetus develops first, then the body and afterwards legs develop.
Today’s adolescents get affected by media, as it helps them in framing opinions and perspectives of the country and the world. Media also helps the adolescents to participate in popular sports.
A nursing mother needs more calcium than a normal adult for the following reasons
- Increased production of milk.
- For increased mineral absorption.
The two features of DWCRA is that
- It facilitates access to any poor women to employment.
- It improves socio-economic status of poor women and children from rural areas.
One benefit of investing in shares is that one can earn profit if company is having heavy profit. Similarly, one drawback of investment in shares is to face losses if company is going in loss. Moreover, there is no income tax rebate on these transactions.
Two ways in which vertical lines in an apparel affect the body shape of a person are
- They make the person appear taller.
- They make the fat person appear slimmer or thinner.
Four consequences of substance abuse by adolescents can be
- The adolescent may lose self-confidence and control over himself.
- The adolescent’s mental and physical stamina becomes less.
- His/Her reflexes become slow.
- Nausea and Insomnia are other problems which an adolescent may face.
One difference between GPF and PPF is that GPF is compulsory for salaried government employees. PPF can be opened by any adult at anytime. One similarity between GPF and PPF is that both schemes are long term and give tax rebate to the concerned person.
After studying Food and Nutrition, a student can earn a living in the following ways
- Work as dietician in hospitals or nursing homes etc.
- He/She can work as demonstrators in preservation centres.
- The students can work as a supplier of food for various occasions.
- Work as a cook at a restaurant.
ECO mark is used to show that the product in environment friendly. The two items with Eco mark are
- Soaps and detergents.
The Logo of Eco mark is
A cook can maintain his/her personal hygiene in the kitchen by following these precautions:
- Fle/She should have bath everyday.
- His/her nails should be trimmed properly and remain unpainted.
- Before cooking rings or watches should be removed.
- The cook’s hair should be tied. They should not be left open.
Four long term goals for which family should save money can be
- Education of children.
- Marriage of children.
- For buying properties.
- Money provides old age security
A suitable chemical which can be used to purify drinking water while travelling is Chlorine. The procedure of purifying water in three steps is
- One teaspoon of bleaching powder is added in a glass of water.
- Then three teaspoons of this solution is taken and added in a bucket full of water.
- This is then left 30 minutes.
Three suggestions for choosing a Kurta for a tall and thin person are
- Kurta with horizontal lines which given illusion of height.
- Kurta with bold prints.
- Select warm colours and use contrast.
The three modifications in the menu can be
- Fried Rice can be replaced by boiled rice as fried food aggravates the digestive system.
- Dal Palak can be replaced by plain boiled dal with less thickness as leafy vegetables should be avoided to ‘escape mechanical irritation.
- Boondi Raita is not good for a patient suffering from diarrhoea, it should be replaced with plain curd or buttermilk.
Peer pressure is an influence that a peer group or individual exerts that encourages others to change their attitudes, values or behaviours to conform the group norms.
A pressure can be positive or negative.
- Helps in achieving goals.
- Perform academically better.
- Motivation and encouragement.
- Healthy habits.
- May indulge in anti-social activities such as stealing, drug abuse, eve teasing etc.
- An adolescent may loose individuality.
- They lack self-esteem and are always stressed.
- Consider their parents as rigid and very demanding.
The full form of FSSAI is Food Safety and Standard Authority of India.
The six conditions under which food is considered adulterated under FSSAI are
- If food is substituted partly or completely with a cheap substance.
- If a valuable constituent of food is partially or completely removed.
- If food contains any harmful substance.
- If food contains any unpermitted colours or preservatives.
- If the food is insect infested.
- If the food is obtained from a diseased or sick animal.
- If it does not satisfy all standards prescribed by the authorities
Weekly food record format of family’s expenditure can be like this
The two advantage so recording this expenditure is
- Know the exact amount of money available.
- Avoid wasteful expenditure.
- Help avoid being overcharged.
- Guide for future expenses.
Saving schemes are modes of investment which may help an individual or family in time of needs. The two saving schemes are
- PPF In this saving scheme some nationalised banks and post-offices offer people to deposit money from 1000/- to 1,50,000/- in a financial year. The money can be deposited either in lumpsum or in convenient installments.
- Benefits of PPF schemes are
- The investment are safe and secure.
- Interest is exempted from tax.
- Drawbacks of this Scheme are
- Duration is long
- Can’t invest more then 1,50,000/- per annum.
Another saving scheme is whole life insurance where insurer is insured for his entire life. A specified premium has to be paid either quarterly or half yearly or annually.
- Benefits of this scheme are
- Safe method.
- Can really help in case of untimely death of an insurer.
- Drawbacks of this scheme are
- It is a long term policy.
- There is no liquidity.
Balance and Rhythm are principles of design which provide attraction and variety to the dresses.
Balance can be created by using any of these
- Using colours.
- Embroidery etc.
Balance can be of two types
- Formal Balance When structure, decoration and accessories are identical on both sides of the dress, it is called formal balance.
- Informal Balance When structure, decoration are different on both sides still dress looks attractive.
Rhythm can be created by
- Repetition of colours.
- Alteration of pleats.
- Radiation in the form of gathers.
- Repetition of other accessories.
Rhythm is an important principle of art. If rhythm is created in a design, the eye would move easily from one part to the other. Both balance and rhythm can make the dress attractive
One must be careful while laundering woolen sweater at home. We must follow the following steps while laundering woolens at home
- Make draft of sweatre at home.
- Very soft type detergent like easy or reetha should be chosen, as it contains less alkaline.
- Solution with detergent must be made in luke warm water.
- While washing, less pressure should be exercised, kneading and squeezing method should be adopted.
- oolen sweater should be rinsed thoroughly.
- After rinsing, it should be squeezed with light pressure in towel.
- After rinsing it should not be hung, it should be spread on the draft on a flat surface.
We must take following precautions while washing woolens
- We should not use very hard detergent for woolens.
- Very hot water should be avoided.
- Woolen should always be dried on a flat surface. They should not be hung on line.
- While ironing, it should be done on wrong side. Spread damp cotton cloth on them before ironing.
Members of a family may have different health status from time to time. People acquire life style diseases due to various factors. Their diet has to be modified keeping in mind the diseases he/she is suffering from. The diet should able to meet the nutritional needs of a particular person suffering from an ailment.
Two life style diseases can be
Diabetes It is a metabolic disorder caused by low or no secretion of insulin harmone which is secreted by the B-cells of langerhans of Pancreas in the body. By the deficiency of insulin, glucose is not-converted into glycogen leading to increased level of glucose in blood. This disease causes weakness and loss of weight of the body.
Dietary management for diabeties are
- The concerned person should be given a high protein diet as they require more of a protein than a normal person i.e. 1.00 to 1.5 gm protein /kg. Body weight should be taken.
- Give low carbohydrates if less then 40% of carbohydrates are consumed for energy, the possibility of ketosis increases. The main source of carbohydrates should be starch.
- Low fat dairy products should be given. 75% of fats should be unsaturated fat, as excessive fat should leads to faltening of arteries.
- Low sodium and low calorie diet should be given to diabetics. The diet should be high in fibres.
Hyper Tension or High Blood Pressure Regular flow of blood from heart in the body due to diastolic and systolic pressure of heart. If there is any obstruction in the flow of the blood, then heart has to pump the blood with more force causing high blood pressure. This state is known as hypertension. As this disease may lead to other complications also, care is needed to select the diet of such patients.
Dietary Management for hypertension is
- Calories People suffering from hypertension should maintain their body weight to avoid workload on arteries. Therefore, their diet should be of less calorie value.
- Fats Due to hypertension, the flexibility of arteries is reduced because of deposition of cholesterol in them. Therefore, hypertension patients should avoid animal fats and saturated fatty acids. Intake of unsaturated fats should be restricted to 40 gms.
- Proteins Hypertension patients should also avoid protein rich diet such as — meat, fish, egg and milk because protein rich food contains more of sodium also. They should restrict the intake of protein upto 20 gms only.
- Minerals Calcium and Potassium are essential nutrients during hypertension to excrete excess amount of sodium from the body. Hypertension patients should consume barley, lobhia, bathu, mustard leaves and pumpkin as they do not contain any sodium.
Induce a variety of fruits and vegetables in diet as they contain potassium and fibre. They have an opposite effect to sodiurn and prevent water retention, thereby reducing blood pressure.
As Radha wants to buy a silk saree for a specific function i.e. wedding, she should buy from a reputed store or brand. Silk is always expensive so we must survey the market and go to the established brands or store so that we may not be cheated.
While buying saree, she must see the silk mark. Authentic silk sarees always carry a ‘Silk Mark’ on them. As the occasion for which Radha wants to buy a saree is wedding, she should choose some bright colours to suit the occasion.
She should also check the fibre, yarn and finishing of the saree so that her money does not get wasted.
Six ways how Radha can store her silk sarees are
- Saree should be properly aired to remove perspiration smell. Moreover it is better to get the silk dry-cleaned before storing it.
- It should be wrapped in clean, while muslin cloth to keep it safe.
- Tissue paper should be inserted between the folds to keep saree intact.
- Moth proof finish on silk makes it safe from insects.
- Never use naphthalene balls for silk sarees with zari, as it turns black.
- With following precautions, the silk saree can be stored carefully and can be used on many occasions.
All of us are consumers in one way or the other. Every consumer faces many problems while making purchases. Four ways through which the shopkeeper generally cheat their customers are as following
- Weighing vegetables by using stones or bricks in place of standard weights.
- The shopkeeper may use magnet under the pan of the scale or iron rings hung on one side of the balance to make is heavier.
- Through adulteration also a shopkeeper can cheat its customers.
- Weighing of goods alongwith their boxes is another way of cheating.
- We all are witness to price variation in the same product according to shop, locality or and city. Some
shopkeepers ever charge more than the printed MRP (Maximum Retail Price) by putting up their own price tags. .
Six buying tips which may save anyone from being cheated are
- To check the weights and measures before making purchases.
- Before buying one must read the labels properly.
- Buying loose food stuff should be avoided.
- Try to buy the product from reputed and established shops.
- While buying a product, one must demand a proper bill from the shopkeepers.
- If the consumer feels that the shopkeeper uses malpractice in weights and measures, he/she should immediately lodge a complaint with Weights and Measures bureau.
Anger is a normal human emotion. But when one gets explosive anger, it can have serious consequences bn relationships, health and state of mind.
Some strategies to control anger are
- One should take deep breath and count up to ten.
- Count your blessings.
- Write thoughts on a paper and then destroy it.
- Talk to trust worthy person, it will certainly help in control your anger.
- Think before you speak In the heat of the moment, it’s easy to say something you’ll later regret.
- Once you are calm, express you anger — As soon as you’re thinking clearly, express your frustration in an assertive but non-confrontational ways.
Some consequences of anger are
- Anger affects us physically as well as mentally.
- Anger increases the risk of developing heart diseases and blood pressure.
- Angry people are more prone to mental disorder like depression and insomnia.
- Angry outbursts give rise to negative emotions such as guilt, loneliness and sadness, one loses respect among others.
- Lashing out on workers, colleagues or clients create a distance between them. People start Staying away from angry person and might not like to continue working with them.
- Angry people also lose goodwill and chances of rising in career.
- People try to stay away from a person who suffers from chronic anger and avoid to speak honestly.
It is advised therefore that one should try to control anger as it is harmful physically, mentally and socially.
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