CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 3 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 3.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 3
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Englsih Core is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 100
- This paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the prescribed Word limit while answering the questions.
READING (30 MARKS)
Read the following passage carefully. (12 Marks)
1. Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers.
2. Nanoscience and nanotechnology are the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Materials Science, and Engineering.
3. The ideas and concepts behind nanoscience and nanotechnology started with a talk entitled “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom” by physicist Richard Feynman at an American Physical Society meeting at the California Institute of Technology (CalTech) on December 29, 1959, long before the term nanotechnology was used. In his talk, Feynman described a process in which scientists would be able to manipulate and control individual atoms and molecules. Over a decade later, in his explorations of ultraprecision machining, Professor Norio Taniguchi coined the term nanotechnology. It wasn’t until 1981, with the development of the scanning tunneling microscope that could ‘see’ individual atoms, that modern nanotechnology began.
4. It’s hard to imagine just how small nanotechnology is. One nanometer is a billionth of a meter, or 1/109 of a meter. Here are a few illustrative examples: There are 25,400,000 nanometers in an inch: A sheet of newspaper is about 100,000 nanometers thick. On a comparative scale, if a marble were a nanometer, then one meter would be the size of the Earth.
5. Nanoscience and nanotechnology involve the ability to see and to control individual atoms and molecules. Everything on Earth is made up of atoms—the food we eat, the clothes we wear, the buildings and houses we live in, and our own bodies.
6. But something as small as an atom is impossible to see with the naked eye. In fact, it’s impossible to see with the microscopes typically used in a high school science classes. The microscopes needed to see things at the nanoscale were invented relatively recently—about 30 years ago.
7. Once scientists had the right tools, such as the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM), the age of nanotechnology was born.
8. Although modern nanoscience and nanotechnology are quite new, nanoscale materials were used for centuries. Alternate-sized gold and silver particles created colors in the stained glass windows of medieval churches hundreds of years ago. The artists back then just didn’t know that the process they used to create these beautiful works of art actually led to changes in the composition of the materials they were working with.
9. Today’s scientists and engineers are finding a wide variety of ways to deliberately make materials at the nanoscale to take advantage of their enhanced properties such as higher strength, lighter weight, increased control of light spectrum, and greater chemical reactivity than their larger-scale counterparts.
I. On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option. (1 × 3 = 3 Marks)
(a) Materials at nanoscale are desirable as they:
- have higher strength.
- have light weight.
- increased control of light spectrum.
- all of the above.
(b) Pick a statement that is not true:
- food is made of atoms.
- our bodies are made of atoms.
- high school microscopes can reveal atoms.
- atoms can be seen with the naked eye.
(c) Nanotechnology can be used in:
- making newspaper.
- making artworks using colours.
- both (i) and (ii).
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 6 = 6 Marks)
(d) What is nanotechnology?
(e) How did the concept of nanoscience start?
(f) Who coined the term ‘nanotechnology?
(g) What restricted the use of nanotechnology?
(h) Which inventions made modern nanotechnology possible?
(i) What did the artists of earlier age not know?
III. Find words from the passage which mean the same as: (1 × 3 = 3 Marks)
(a) influence (para 3) (b) instructive (para 4)
(c) band (para 9)
Read the following passage carefully. (10 Marks)
1. An ancient Sanskrit saying says, woman is the home and the home is the basis of society. It is as we build our homes that we can build our country. If the home is inadequate—either inadequate in material goods and necessities or inadequate in the sort of friendly, loving atmosphere that every child needs to grow and develop—then that country cannot have harmony and no country which does not have harmony can grow in any direction at all.
2. That is why women’s education is almost more important than the education of boys and men. We—and by ‘we’ I do not mean only we in India but all the world—have neglected women education. It is fairly recent. Of course, not to you but when I was a child, the story of early days of women’s education in England, for instance, was very f current. Everybody remembered what had happened in the early days,
3. I remember what used to happen here. I still remember the days when living in old Delhi even as a small child of seven or eight. I had to go out in a doli if I left the house. We just did not walk. Girls did not walk in the streets. First, you had your sari with which you covered your head, then you had another shawl or something with which you covered your hand and all the body, then you had a white shawl, with which everything was covered again although your face was open fortunately. Then you were in the doli, which again was covered by another cloth. And this was in a family or community which did not observe purdah of any kind at all. In fact, all our social functions always were mixed functions but this was the atmosphere of the city and of the country.
4. Now, we have got education and there is a debate all over the country whether this education is adequate to the needs of society or the needs of our young people. I am one of those who always believe that education needs a thorough overhauling. But at the same time, I think that everything in our education is not bad, that even the present education has produced very fine men and women, specially scientists and experts in different fields, who are in great demand all over the world and even in the most i affluent countries. Many of our young people leave us and go abroad because they get higher salaries, they get better conditions of work.
5. But it is not all a one-sided business because there are many who are persuaded and cajoled to go even when they are reluctant. We know of first class students, especially in medicine or nuclear energy for instance, they are approached long before they have passed out and offered all kinds of inducements to go out. Now, that shows that people do consider that they have a standard of knowledge and capability which will be useful anywhere in the world.
6. So, that is why I say that there is something worthwhile. It also shows that our own ancient philosophy has taught us that nothing in life is entirely bad or entirely good. Everything is somewhat of a mixture and it depends on us and our capability how we can extract the good, how we can make use of what is around us. There are people who through observation can learn from anything that is around them. There are others who can be surrounded by the most fascinating people, the most wonderful books, and other things and who yet remain quite closed in and they are unable to take anything from this wealth around them.
I. Answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option: (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) If there is no harmony then:
- children suffer.
- there can be no direction for national growth.
- women remain miserable.
- homelife remains unsatisfactory.
(b) Indira Gandhi recalls the example of women covered in layers of clothing to point out:
- women were not allowed to walk in streets.
- women were overprotected.
- it was very cold in Delhi.
- women’s freedom had been restricted severely.
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible.
(c) How do women contribute to the growth of a country?
(d) What is good about our education system?
(e) What is the debate about education?
(f) What according to the narrator has the ancient philosophy taught us?
(g) What is the type of people that the narrator mentions in the passage?
(h) Our country requires a large number of talented young people like doctors engineers. Then why do young and talented people go abroad?
III. Find words from the passage which are similar in meaning to the following. (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) Incentives (para 5)
(b) to persuade with gentle persuasion (para 5)
Read the following passage carefully. (8 Marks)
What most people mean when they say they want to be themselves is that they want to be relaxed and comfortable, authentic, and free to express themselves, and they don’t want to be worried about being judged for doing it. But being yourself isn’t as simple as it seems, because you don’t have just one self; there are multiple versions of who you are. There is the self you are at work, the self you are with your best friend, the self you are with your family, the self you are with total strangers. There is your irritable self, your calm self, your social self, your kind self, your selfish self, and your best self. Sometimes you like yourself and sometimes you don’t. We are ever-changing beings.
Having a self that adapts to different situations is a highly desirable characteristic that demonstrates what psychologists refer to as EQ (emotional quotient), which is also known as social intelligence. Having good social intelligence reflects having knowledge of your own power to decide which self you want to be in a given situation.
If a friend tries to make you laugh by telling you a joke that isn’t funny, you could be your truthful self and say it wasn’t funny, which might hurt the friend’s feelings. Or you could be your sensitive, caring self who smiles because you want to make your friend feel good.
What is important to know is whether the self you are being at any given moment is a self that you like, and/or whether that self is helping you attain the things you want in life. Being your sarcastic self with your friends might make them laugh, but it probably wouldn’t land you the job you are interviewing for. Yelling at a co-worker who makes a mistake might be a way to release your authentic anger in the moment but it won’t gain his or her cooperation or motivation to help you in the future. So how do you reconcile the desire to “be yourself’ in situations where you feel unable to be authentic?
Recognize that you don’t just have one self. You have choices about which self to be, and being adaptable is a trait that reflects intelligence and awareness about the effect you have on other people, as well as your potential to influence situations. Just because you hold back expressing certain thoughts or behaving in certain ways doesn’t mean you aren’t being yourself; it means you are being an aware version of yourself that knows when certain self-expression is appropriate and when it isn’t. You can still respect your desire for expression of certain aspects of your personality by finding appropriate outlets. If you have an aggressive streak, take up a boxing class or play paintball, but don’t run people off the highway. Learning how to express the diverse aspects of who you are as a person can be one of the greatest joys in life, and an essential part of maintaining your emotional well-being. On the other hand, expressing yourself in a socially intelligent way is critical to your success in life—and will be greatly appreciated by those around you.
A. On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it, using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations (wherever necessary—minimum four) and a format you consider suitable. Also supply an appropriate title to it. (5 Marks)
B. Write a summary of the passage in about 80 words. (3 Marks)
ADVANCE WRITING SKILLS (30 MARKS)
Principal, Sunrise Global School, Agra requires a receptionist for her school. Draft a suitable advertisement in about 50 words to be published in the classified columns of a national newspaper giving necessary details of qualifications and experience required in the receptionist. (Delhi 2016) (4 Marks)
You are Manoj Rathi. Draft a suitable invitation for the celebration of your son’s engagement.
Yesterday you went to Sunrise Hospital, Market Road, New Delhi taking with you the victim of a hit and run accident. There were chaotic conditions in the casualty department. The injured was attended to after a lot of precious time had been lost. Write a letter of complaint inl20-150 words to the medical superintendent. You are Karan/ Karuna. Ml 14, Mall Road, Delhi. (Delhi 2016) (6 Marks)
You are Karan/Karuna, M114, Mall Road, Delhi. You recently came across a news item on the rising cases of dowry even in the educated classes. Write a letter to a national daily bringing out the ills of dowry and the need to eradicate it.
‘The policy of reservation of seats for admission to the professional courses is good for the deprived section of society’. Write a debate in 150-200 words either for or against the motion. (150-200 words) (Delhi 2016) (10 Marks)
Write a speech on the benefits of regular studies to be delivered by you in the morning assembly of your school. You are Karan/Karuna, Head Girl/Head Boy. (150-200 words)
India is a land of diversity. One way in which it makes us feel proud of it is the number of festivals we enjoy. Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘ Festivals of India’. You are Karan/ Karuna. (Delhi 2016) (10 Marks)
You are Karan/ Karuna. Your society recently organized a Diwali mela in its premises. Write a report on it in 150-200 words for a local daily.
TEXTBOOKS AND EXTENDED READING TEXT (40 MARKS)
Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow: (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
And yet, for these
Children, these windows, not this world, are world,
Where all their future’s painted with a fog,
A narrow street sealed in with a lead sky,
Far far from rivers, capes, and stars of words
(a) Who are the children referred to?
(b) What does the writer mean by ‘these windows’?
(c) Explain ‘future’s’ painted with fog.
(d) Why does the poet mention rivers and capes?
A thing of beauty is a joy forever:
Its loveliness increases; it will never
Pass into nothingness; but still will keep
A bower quiet for us, and a sleep
Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.
(a) How does the loveliness of beautiful things increase?
(b) What does the poet mean by ‘nothingness’?
(c) What do beautiful things give man?
(d) What image is evoked by the word ‘bower’?
Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each: (3 × 4 = 12 Marks)
(a) Describe the irony in Saheb’s name? (Delhi 2016)
(b) Why did Gandhi reject the idea of C.F. Andrews’ helping him in Champaran?
(c) Aunt Jennifer’s efforts to get rid of her fear proved to be futile. Comment. (DeZ/ii 2016)
(d) Why does Stephen Spender evoke the symbol of fog?
(e) What was Sadao’s father’s chief concern about Dr. Sadao? (Delhi 2016)
(f) Why did the Dewan think of procuring a tiger?
Dr Sadao was a patriotic Japanese as well as a dedicated surgeon. How could / he honour both the values? (120-150 words) (Delhi 2015) (6 Marks)
‘Victors try to impose their culture on the vanquished.’ Discuss the statement with reference to the Zitkala-Sa’s example from ‘Memories of Childhood’.
Write a note on Seemapuri. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
How does conquering fear liberate us? Discuss with reference to the chapter, ‘Deep Water’. (120-150 words)
Describe how Griffin meets his death. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
Describe the relation between Squire Cass and his sons in Silas Mamer. (120-150 words)
Scientific advancements cannot be dissociated from ethics. Discuss with reference to ‘ The Invisible Man’. (120-150 words) (6 Marks)
Bring out the character traits of Godfrey Cass as he appears in the novel, Silas Mamer’. (120-150 words) (All India (C) 2015)
I. (a) (iv) all of the above
(b) (iv) atoms can be seen with the naked eye
(c) (iv) both (i) and (ii)
II. (d) Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers.
(e) The ideas and concepts behind nanoscience and nanotechnology started with a talk entitled “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom” by physicist Richard Feynman at an American Physical Society meeting at the California Institute of Technology (CalTech) on December 29, 1959.
(f) Professor Norio Taniguchi coined the term nanotechnology.
(g) Lack of microscopes that could make atom visible restricted the use of nanoscience.
(h) The right tools, such as the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM) helped the growth of nanotechnology.
(i) The artists of the earlier ages did not know that in using alternate sized gold and silver particles to create colors they were actually engaging in nanotechnology as this process changed the composition of the materials they worked with.
III. (a)manipulate (b) illustrative (c) spectrum
I. (a) (iii) there can be no direction for national growth.
(b) (iv) women’s freedom had been restricted severely.
II. (c) Woman is the home and the home is the basis of society. If the home is inadequate then that country cannot have harmony and no country which does not have harmony can grow in any direction at all.
(d) The present education has produced very fine men and women, specially scientists and experts in different fields, who are in great demand all over the world and even in the most affluent countries.
(e) The debate all over the country is whether this education is adequate to the needs of society or the needs of our young people.
(f) Our own ancient philosophy has taught us that nothing in life is entirely bad or entirely good. Everything is somewhat of a mixture and it depends on us and our capability how we can extract the good, how we can make use of what is around us.
(g) There are people who through observation can learn from anything that is around them. There are others who can be surrounded by the most fascinating people, the most wonderful books, and other things and who yet remain quite closed in and they are unable to take anything from this wealth around them.
(h) Young and talented people go abroad because they get higher salaries and better working environment.
III. (a) inducements (b) cajole
A. TITLE: How to be Yourself?
(a) What ‘being yourself’ means:
- to be relaxed
- free to express
- no fear of being judged:
(b) Why is it difficult?
- one has many slvs
- they r ever changing
(c) Essential for being yourself:
- high EQ/social intell.
- means ability to adapt to demand of situ
(d) How to be yourself in tough situations?
- recognize man has many slvs of choice
- adopt a self as per requirmnt
- seek suitbl outle for self expr.
- channelize extreme emo.
Key to Abbreviations
slvs : selves
r : are
requirmnt : requirement
suitbl : suitable
expr : expression
emo : emotion
Being yourselves means to be relaxed, authentic, comfortable and free from anxiety of being judged. However it is difficult as man has many opposing selves. The essential ingredient of being yourself is having a high EQ or social intelligence which is the ability to successfully adapt oneself to a situation. Ways to be yourself in tough situations are recognizing that man has many selves but also the power to choose the right self or behavior according to one’s need. Appropriate self expression and channelizing extreme impulses also help.
M114, Mall Road
6th October, 20××
The Medical Superintendent
Sub: Delay in medical attention
This is to bring to your attention the extremely trying experience I had in the reputed Sunrise Hospital yesterday. I had brought a victim of hit and run case to your hospital yesterday for treatment. I was anxious to procure urgent medical attention for the victim but to my dismay the attention came only after a prolonged period of painful and nervous wait. The emergency department appeared to be in a chaos. No doctor was available for a long time. By the time he arrived a long restless queue had already formed. All the while I was anxious about the well being of the patient who was bleeding profusely. Only after much pleading with the doctor could I compel him to see the patient.
I would like you to carry out a full investigation into my concerns and provide a response in accordance with the Complaints Procedure of your hospital. I look forward to receiving your acknowledgement of this letter. Please do not hesitate to contact me if you need further information.
M114, Mall Road
6th October, 20××
Times of India
Sub: Rising cases of dowry
I write with reference to the news item in your esteemed daily about a recent case of dowry death.
The evil of dowry has marred several lives. It has assumed an alarming proportion in these days of soaring prices. Dowry system is a curse. Today, no marriage is considered to be complete unless it is followed by a large dowry.
It is even more disheartening to note that the system is no less prevalent in the educated classes. Education is expected to make man moral and progressive, but this doesn’t seem to hold true of the many educated people in India who shamelessly stoop to demanding dowry.
The evil practice of dowry has given rise to many social ills. This cruel practice must be done away with. Boys and girls should come forward and take a vow not to take or give dowry. Mothers should be discouraged from giving dowry. Much should not be spent on marriages. Day-marriages should be popularized. The number of guests should be limited. Strict action should be taken against the defaulters.
I request you to give a wide publicity to these views of mine.
Esteemed judges, I stand here to speak against the motion that the policy of reservation in professional colleges is good for the deprived section of society. Reservation should be purely on merit basis. Imagine a person gets a seat for MBBS purely on reservation quota even with very low marks. What will happen when he becomes a doctor with his limited knowledge? This is the game played by politicians over the years and it has been passed over for generations. We should not forget that we are in the 21st century. On the one hand we want economic reforms and on the other hand we want to stick to the age-old parochial mentality of reservation policy. There was a time when so-called casteism was prevalent in India but things have changed and most of them have become upper class and the so-called brahmins have become economically poor and they do not get any seat even though they come on the merit list because of the reservation policy. It is high time India came out of this parochial view. I have seen many deserving candidates have lost opportunities in good education institutes because of the quota system. Politicians who advocate casteism in this era should be eliminated from politics.
With these arguments I rest my case.
Good morning, respected Principal, teachers and my dear friends! I stand before you to speak on the importance of regular studies. Our parents and teachers force us constantly to focus on the study regularly. But we ignore this by saying that, “I can prepare for the exam easily in last days”. Now it has become a fashion to study at last night of the exam. But according to the survey, it has been proven that those students who study regularly, deliver far better result than the other students who study at the last night. Whenever you prepare for the exam, your regular study plays an important role. You might have read many articles of toppers, who say that regular study helped them to get this position. Yes that is the key for success. You can do the best preparation with the help of regular studies. And you will need only a quick revision at the time of exam. It helps to make the notes on the regular basis. When you do regular study, it boosts your confidence level. By regular studies you only have to study a small portion everyday and studies never appear horrifying. Remember procrastination is the enemy of regular studies!
So I urge you to develop the habit of regular studying not only to do well but also to beat stress.
Festivals of India
A festival is a celebration of life. Festivals break the monotony of life. They bring peace and joy to the masses. All nations have their religious and cultural festivals. Indian festivals are numerous. They are harmonious, rich, varied and colorful. Indian festivals are as varied as the people themselves.
Diwali is the most prominent of Hindu festivals. It is the festival of lights. This festival is celebrated to mark the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after the victory over Ravana. Holi is celebrated at the end of winter season. Raslila, a cultural dance of Manipur is staged during this festival.
Guru Nanak Dev’s birthday is celebrated by Sikhs and members of other communities. Christmas is the most important festival of Christians. It is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Jesus Christ on 25th December.
The Parsees celebrate Navroz during August or September each year. It is the beginning of their new year.
Eid is celebrated to mark the end of Ramzan. It was during the month of Ramzan that Holy Quran was revealed to Prophet Mohammed.
All festivals have a common thread of joy, peace and harmony which unites the people of India.
Diwali Fete celebrated at Galaxy Apartments
Noida, 20th April, 20××: Galaxy Apartments Sector 51, Noida celebrated the Diwali Mela on 13th October, 20xx to commemorate the hero of the Ramayana, Lord Rama’s return from the exile of 14 years. The Mela was inaugurated by Chief guest, Mr. S.C. Panda, President, RWA of Galaxy Apartments.
Hand-made lamp shades, notebooks, jewellery boxes, paper bags, stole, mufflers, chunk jewellery, beaded jewellery, coasters, gift pouches, home made chikki, painted diyas, texture papers, greeting cards and many natural products were the main attractions of the Diwali Mela.
Various games which attracted the visitors were Tear the Paper, Light the Candle, Seven Up Seven Down and Break the Pyramid. The campus was lit up by hundreds of diyas and was decorated with balloons and crap papers. The pretty rangolis made by the residents further beautified the event. Thirteen members went to the orphanage, PALNA to celebrate Diwali with them. They donated clothes, food items, chocolates, toys and some money to the orphanage.
(a) The children referred to are the children of the slums.
(b) ‘these windows’ refers to the windows of the slum classroom through which only the slums are visible.
(c) Fog is a symbol of uncertain future. The poet means that the slum children have a dark and uncertain future.
(d) The lives of the children are far from the rivers and capes which represent liberating, open outdoors of which the children are deprived .
(a) Beautiful things make an everlasting impression on man’s mind and soul. Recalling a beautiful thing only increases its beauty with the passage of time.
(b) The poet means that a beautiful thing can never pass into oblivion. It can never be forgotten.
(c) Beautiful things give man sound sleep and peaceful mind .
(d) A ‘bower’ is a shade created by overhanging foliage. Here it is a symbol of a relaxing, soothing peaceful place.
(a) Saheb’s name is ‘Saheb-e-Alam’. It means ‘lord of the universe’. It is quite ironical that this Saheb-e-Alam is a young barefoot ragpicker who scrounges for gold in the garbage dumps of Delhi. Saheb is unaware of the irony of his name.
(b) In early days of Champaran action, Charles Freer Andrews, the English pacifist became a devoted follower of Gandhi. Before going to a tour to duty to Fiji Island he came to bid Gandhi farewell. Gandhi’s lawyer friend wanted him to stay and help them thinking that having a British on their side will have more leverage in taking on the British. Gandhi strongly opposed them saying that a battle should be won on the merit of the justness of the cause and not on outside crutches.
(c) Aunt Jennifer’s efforts to get rid of her fear seem to be futile. The speaker expresses this idea by questioning whether the aunt will get rid of fear after death. The answer she arrives at is that even after death she will remain fearful and bound by the shakles of matrimony.
(d) Fog is a symbol of uncertain future. The poet means that the slum children have a dark and uncertain future. He evokes the symbol of the fog repeatedly to drive home the many deprivations faced by the slum children.
(e) The influence of his father was quite deep on Sadao. His father was a serious man who* never joked or played with him. Sadao’s education was his father’s chief concern. For this reason he was sent to America to study surgery and medicine at twenty two. By the time his father died, Sadao had established himself as a famous surgeon and scientist.
(f) The Maharaja’s anxiety had reached a fever pitch. The hundredth tiger was yet to be killed. The dewan could lose his job if he couldn’t search the tiger. He had brought a tiger from the People’s Park in Madras and kept it hidden in his house. He dragged I the tiger to the forest where the Maharaja was hunting. Maharaja shot the tiger. The Maharaja was happy to think that his vow to kill hundred tigers had bean fulfilled. I After the Maharaja left, the dewan went near the tiger and found that the tiger was not dead. Then he spotted a wooden tiger in a toy shop and gave it as a gift to the Maharaja’s son. One day, while playing with his son, one sliver of the wooden tiger pierced the Maharaja’s right hand which later developed into a fatal would and the Maharaja died.
Dr Sadao was first a doctor and then anything else. He and Hana found a prisoner of war wounded and bleeding. He at once packed the wound with sea moss. Sadao was in ,a dilemma. The wounded man was an American. Japan was at war with America. If he sheltered a white man, he could be arrested. If he handed him over the police, the soldier would certainly die. All Americans were their enemies. Still he brought the man home, washed his wounds. He knew that the man would die if he was not operated on.
Dr Sadao and his wife faced the displeasure of their servants. The old gardener thought that his master must let the white man die. Dr Sadao ignored all these warnings. He heard the call of his profession and operated on the prisoner of war.
Thinking lest Tom should be arrested, he made elaborate arrangements for his escape. He did all these sacrifices putting himself and his wife at maximum risk. He rose to the occasion and did what only a devoted doctor could have done in the circumstances. Thus he honoured his duty towards his nation as well as that towards his profession.
Victors always tend to restrict and eliminate the rights of the vanquished in order to subjugate them mentally. It is a way to force them into submission.
The narrator was an American Native Indian. She was separated from her mother. Among her people, young girls wore long and heavy hair. She wanted to maintain her distinct cultural identity. Her long and beautiful hair was shingled against her wish. She lost her distinct identity. The teacher at the Carlisle Indian School imposed on her western way of dining. A small bell was tapped. She pulled her chair out and sat on it. She was the only one seated there. A second bell was sounded. All were seated. A ‘paleface woman’ watched her keenly. Then everyone started eating. She felt quite uncomfortable and uneasy. Beside she was made to wear boots and tight dresses, all alien to her culture.
Seemapuri is a settlement of more than 10,000 ragpickers. It is a place on the periphery of Delhi. Those who live here are squatters who came from Bangladesh in 1971. They live here without an identity and without permits. They do have ration cards that enable them to vote and buy grain. Food is more important for them than their identity. Children grow up to become partners in survival. And survival in Seemapuri means rag-picking. Through the years it has acquired the ‘proportions of a fine art’. An army of barefoot children appear in the morning with their plastic bags on their shoulders. They disappear by noon. Garbage has a different meaning for children. For them it is wrapped in ‘wonder’. They may find a rupee even a ten rupee note or a silver coin. There is always hope of finding more.
Seemapuri may be on the periphery of Delhi yet it is miles away from it, metaphorically. It is a little hell. Ragpickers live in structures of mud. They have roofs of tin and tarpaulin. There is no sewage, drainage or running water. It is unimaginable that it is a part of Delhi, the capital of India.
The ‘misadventure’ that William O. Douglas experienced at the Y.M.C.A. swimming pool left a deep impression on his mind. The fear stayed with him as the years rolled by. Finally, he decided to get an instructor and learn how to swim. He went to a pool and practised five days a week, an hour a day. The instructor put a belt round him. A rope was attached to the belt. The rope went through a pulley. He was made to go back and forth across the pool. Then he taught Douglas how to exhale under water and inhale outside it.
William O. Douglas was still not sure that all the terror had left him. So he went to Lake Wentworth and dived off a dock at Triggs Island. He swam two miles across the lake. But still he had residual doubts. So he dived into Warm Lake and swam across to the other shore and back fearlessly. At last, he was liberated from his fear.
Dr Kemp is chased by Griffin. Kemp tries to take shelter in Mr. Heelas’s house but entry is refused by Mr. Heelas. So he takes the road and starts running towards the police station. When he comes near the pub, Jolly Cricketers, he sees a tram arriving. Kemp calls for help and at once the tram driver, his assistant and the people of Jolly Crickters start chasing Griffin. Kemp takes a sharp turn near a sweet shop where Griffin catches him. After a bit of struggle Kemp is able to catch hold of Griffin’s neck and someone strikes Griffin with a spade. Griffin is siezed by the mob and they shower kicks and punches on Griffin. The sweet shop owner hits Griffin with a stick after which Griffin shouts ‘mercy’ ‘mercy’ and his voice chokes and he dies and slowly his dead and naked body becomes visible. In this way Griffin’s brief life comes to an end.
The relationship between Squire Cass and his sons can be characterized as the relationship an administrator has with two bad, lazy, ineffective, and difficult employees who also happen to be related by blood to him. Hence, it is twice more difficult to fire an employee who is related by family.
Squire Cass was very clear with his sons, especially Godfrey, that he did not trust either of them enough to administer the Red House. The sons also knew that they would never match up to their father’s expectation because none of them had the work ethics, the strength of morale, nor the attitude to take over a job as well as their father did.
Hence, it is the relationship of master and servant, soldier and commander, boss and employee what is characteristic of the father/son connection in the Cass clan.
Griffin is the model of science without humanity. He begins his road to decline in college when he becomes so obsessed with his experiments that he hides his work lest anyone else should receive credit. When he runs out of money, he kills his own father—a crime that makes the rest of his crimes pale in comparison. He goes from scientist to fanatic when he begins to focus all of his attention merely on the concept of invisibility and neglects to think about the consequences of such a condition. H.G. Wells is concerned that science cannot be used in absence of morality. While he clearly disaproves of Griffin’s ambition sans morality, he has created Kemp, a representative of a man of science with a social and moral conscience. By pitting these against each other and showing the death of Griffin after Kemp’s effort to chase him, Wells makes the theme amply clear that scientific advancements cannot exist without ethics.
Godfrey’s character is summed up by Eliot in the beginning of the novel as ‘irresolution and moral cowardice,’ a state in which he continues until almost the end. Godfrey is not evil in any way but he does not have the courage to take responsibility for his acts nor to give up his desires when they conflict with duty. His early marriage was not really his fault; he has good intentions about caring for Eppie; he really wants to lead a better life. There is no true test of his character except his failure to own Eppie as his daughter. This shows that Godfrey is unchanged—he wants to do the right things, but not badly I enough to risk his happiness. Godfrey at last comes to some self-realization. He takes the easy way out, deciding to own Eppie only in his will. But at least he does it from nobler motives—from consideration for others rather than for himself.
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