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Long Essay on Delhi A Historical City for Students and Kids in English
Delhi is one of the most important historical cities. It has a rich historical background. One finds Delhi a land of magnificent ruined tombs and temples, mausoleums and monuments and of forts and fortresses. Delhi has been the seat of power of many ancient empires, kingdoms and invaders. Delhi was also the centre of great Indian movements. It was the capital of ancient Hindu kingdom as well as that of Mughal emperors. Factually speaking, Delhi is the star city for Indians and foreigners because of its great and rich historical background. It has been ravaged and rebuilt seven times.
Delhi was named ‘Indraprashtha’ by Pandavas and remained the capital of Hindu kingdoms for thousands of years. The Muslim kings also made it their capital, though every Muslim King rehabilitated it at a particular place around the walled city. For example, the present Delhi was founded by Shah Jahan. Red Fort was a grand palace. Delhi of Shah Jahan’s days was founded near Red Fort and Chandni Chowk. Chandni Chowk used to have a beautiful lake during the days of Shah Jahan. During the reign of Qutabudin-Aibak and Altumash, Delhi was situated around Qutab Minar and Mehrauli. When the Lodi dynasty came into power, they made areas near Lodi tombs and Lodi gardens as their official workplaces. The other Muslim kings settled at the places of their own choice. During the days of the Pandavas, Delhi was situated at Old Fort and its periphery.
Around the city of Delhi, there used to be a big wall. The city of Delhi presents a beautiful picture of India’s past. It has many historical buildings and spectacular monuments. Humayun’s tomb, a majestic piece of art and architecture, was built by his wife. Qutab Minar is another tower of great importance that was built by Qutabuddin-Aibak and completed by Altumash, the Muslim king. There are also the tombs of Safdarjang and Nizamuddin. These tombs are now ruined and broken while some have been preserved properly.
Delhi has been the capital during the period of British rule in India. Presently also it is the capital of the government of free India and is the seat of the central government, embassies, high commissions, trading firms and many other organisations of India and the world. New Delhi is a lovely part of the city. It is a well built and charming city. It has green gardens and beautiful parks. The Parliament House, Rashtrapati Bhavan, various offices of the central government, old houses and palaces of Indian kings, princes etc. are situated in New Delhi.
Among its trading centres, Connaught Place is considered to be one of the most fashionable shopping arcades. This shopping centre hums with activity, especially during the evenings, amidst neon signs, glittering lights and coloured fountains.
Therefore, the city of Delhi is prominent because of its historical importance and is also the seat of central government but at the same time, it is a city that reflects the whole world. It has a strange blend of the ancient and the modern legacies, the ruined monuments and Mughal architecture. The city of Delhi is cynosure of all eyes. Everyone is interested and anxious to have a bird’s eye view of this ancient historical city of India. Delhi, indeed, is a treasure-chest of antiquity and heart of India.