**Selina Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions – Rational Numbers**

**APlusTopper.com Provides Selina Concise ICSE Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 1 Rational Numbers with Free PDF download option. All questions are solved by expert mathematic teachers as per ICSE guidelines.**

**EXERCISE 1(A)**

**Question 1.**

Add, each pair of rational numbers, given below, and show that their addition (sum) is also a rational number:

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

Evaluate:

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

Evaluate:

**Solution:**

**Question 4.**

For each pair of rational numbers, verify commutative property of addition of rational numbers:

**Solution:**

This verifies the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

This verifies the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

This verifies the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

This verifies the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

This verifies the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

This verifies the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

**Question 5.**

For each set of rational numbers, given below, verify the associative property of addition of rational numbers:

**Solution:**

This verifies associative property of the addition of rational numbers.

This verifies associative property of the addition of rational numbers.

This verifies associative property of the addition of rational numbers.

**Question 6.**

Write the additive inverse (negative) of:

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

Fill in the blanks:

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

State, true or false:

**Solution:**

(i) False

(ii) False

(iii) True

(iv) True

(v) False

(vi) False

**EXERCISE 1(B)**

**Question 1.**

Evaluate:

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

Subtract:

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

The sum of two rational numbers is . If one of them is , find the other.

**Solution:**

The sum of two rational numbers =

And, one of the numbers =

The other rational number

**Question 4.**

The sum of the two rational numbers is . If one of them is , find the other.

**Solution:**

**Question 5.**

The sum of the two rational numbers is -6. If one of them is , find the other.

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

Which rational number should be added to to get ?

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

Which rational number should be added to to get ?

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

Which rational number should be subtracted from to get ?

**Solution:**

**Question 9.**

(i) What should be subtracted from -2 to get

(ii) What should be added to -2 to get

**Solution:**

**Question 10.**

Evaluate:

**Solution:**

**EXERCISE 1(C)**

**Question 1.**

Evaluate:

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

Multiply:

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

Evaluate:

**Solution:**

**Question 4.**

Multiply each rational number, given below, by one (1):

**Solution:**

**Question 5.**

For each pair of rational numbers, given below, verify that the multiplication is commutative:

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

Write the reciprocal (multiplicative inverse) of each rational number, given below :

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

Find the reciprocal (multiplicative inverse) of:

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

**Solution:**

**Question 9.**

**Solution:**

**Question 10.**

Name the multiplication property of rational numbers shown below :

**Solution:**

(i) Commutativity property.

(ii) Associativity property.

(iii) Distributivity property.

(iv) Existence of inverse.

(v) Existence of identity.

(vi) Existence of inverse.

**Question 11.**

**Fill in the blanks:**

(i) The product of two positive rational numbers is always ……………

(ii) The product of two negative rational numbers is always ……………

(iii) If two rational numbers have opposite signs then their product is always …………..

(iv) The reciprocal of a positive rational number is ………. and the reciprocal of a negative raitonal number is ……………

(v) Rational number 0 has ………….. reciprocal.

(vi) The product of a rational number and its reciprocal is ………..

(vii) The numbers ……….. and ……….. are their own reciprocals.

(viii) If m is reciprocal of n, then the reciprocal of n is ………….

**Solution:**

(i) The product of two positive rational numbers is always **positive.**

(ii) The product of two negative rational numbers is always **positive.**

(iii) If two rational numbers have opposite signs then their product is always **negative.**

(iv) The reciprocal of a positive rational number is **positive** and the reciprocal of a negative raitonal number is **negative**.

(v) Rational number 0 has **no** reciprocal.

(vi) The product of a rational number and its reciprocal is **1.**

(vii) The numbers **1** and **-1** are their own reciprocals.

(viii)If m is reciprocal of n, then the reciprocal of n is **m**.

**EXERCISE 1(D)**

**Question 1.**

Evaluate:

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

Divide:

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

The product of two rational numbers is -2. If one of them is , find the other.

**Solution:**

**Question 4.**

The product of two numbers is . If one of them is , find the other.

**Solution:**

**Question 5.**

m and n are two rational numbers such that

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

By what number must be multiplied so that the product is ?

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

By what number should be multiplied to get 16?

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

If 3 litres of milk costs ₹49, find the cost of one litre of milk?

**Solution:**

**Question 9.**

Cost of 3 metre of cloth is ₹88. What is the cost of 1 metre of cloth?

**Solution:**

**Question 10.**

Divide the sum of and by .

**Solution:**

**Question 11.**

**Solution:**

**Question 12.**

The product of two rational numbers is -5. If one of these numbers is , find the other.

**Solution:**

**Question 13.**

**Solution:**

**EXERCISE 1(E)**

**Question 1.**

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

Insert one rational number between (0 7 and 8 (ii) 3.5 and 5

(i) 2 and 3.2

(ii) 3.5 and 5

(iii) 2 and 3.2

(iv) 4.2 and 3.6

(v) and 2

**Solution:**

**Question 4.**

Insert two rational numbers between

(i) 6 and 7

(ii) 4.8 and 6

(iii) 2.7 and 6.3

**Solution:**

**Question 5.**

Insert three rational numbers between

(i) 3 and 4

(ii) 10 and 12

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

Insert five rational numbers between and

**Solution:**

LCM of denominators 5 and 3 is 15

**Question 7.**

Insert six rational numbers between and

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

Insert seven rational numbers between 2 and 3.

**Solution:**

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