Essay on Varanasi: Varanasi, one of many world’s oldest existing cities, is rightly called the spiritual capital of India. Also called Banaras or Benaras, this holy city is found in the southeastern area of the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. It rests on the left bank of the sacred river Ganga (Ganges) and is among the seven sacred spots for Hindus.
Every devout Hindu hopes to go to the town at least one time in a lifetime, take a holy dip at the Ghats of the Ganga (the famous steps leading right down to the water), walk the pious Panchakosi road that bounds the city, and, if God wills, die within old age.
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Long and Short Essays on Varanasi for Students and Kids in English
We are providing students with essay samples on a long essay of 500 words and a short essay of 150 words on the topic Varanasi for reference.
Long Essay on Varanasi 500 Words in English
Long Essay on Varanasi is usually given to classes 7, 8, 9, and 10.
Varanasi is considered to have been built by Lord Shiva approximately 5000 years ago. Also, this is one of many twelve Jyotirlingas; the town has always been a centre of religion and spiritualism. The city of Varanasi finds a note in old Hindu religious books and inscriptions like the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, Rigveda amongst others. It is the holy shrine of Lord Kashi Vishwanath, a manifestation of Lord Shiva and was here that Gautam Buddha came to be.
Varanasi is probably one of many few holy cities that enjoys a revered position among devouts of Hindus, Buddhists and Jains. Over the years, the city of Varanasi has got several sobriquets, ‘the city of temples ‘, ‘the city of lights’ and the ‘city of knowledge ‘. No surprise then, Varanasi is home to many temples; however, many of these places of worship were destroyed by pillaging Muslim armies of Mahmud of Ghazni and Mohammad Ghori. Varanasi can also be home to over 100 ghats scattered along the banks of river Ganga.
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple: This temple was built in 1780 by Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar and enclosed the holy Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva and is said that a view of this Jyotirlinga is produced an incredibly profound spiritual awakening. The temple is a brilliant piece of construction and is decorated by elaborate carvings. Intricate carvings can be seen on the dome that’s the roof of the temple.
Durga Temple: Is another temple of devotion and is controlled over by Goddess Durga. The temple is home to a sizable measure of monkeys who can be found rambling around in the yard and the Durga Kund, a tiny tank near the temple. It is, therefore, seldom introduced to as ‘Monkey Temple ‘. The temple built-in the 18th century is a classic example case of the Nagara design of architecture.
The Sankat Mochan Temple: The Sankat Mochan temple is focused on Lord Hanuman and is among the famous temples in Varanasi. This temple, unfortunately, was also the site of a vicious terrorist attack but that failed to diminish the faith of the devotees who still throng to the temple in vast quantities to pay for obeisance to Hanuman.
Varanasi can also be home to over a hundred ghats located along the banks of the Ganga. By day, these ghats witness the frantic activity of devotees attempting to take a dip in the holy waters. By evening, these ghats turn into a magnificent spectacle of lights – it is here now that the Ganga aarti is performed in the evening. Varanasi has a unique airport, the Babatpur airport, that is about 25 km from the city centre. The town is well connected by rail and road with other cities in India.
Excavations in 2014 led to the invention of artefacts dating back to 800 BCE. Further excavations at Aktha and Ramnagar, two sites in the vicinity of the city, uncovered artefacts dating back to 1800 BCE, confirming the view that the area was resided by this time. You can now access more Essay Writing on this topic and many more.
Short Essay on Varanasi 150 Words in English
Short Essay on Varanasi is usually given to classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Legends concerning the origin of Varanasi abound, nevertheless the archaeological evidence implies that urban settlement of the location began in about 2,000 BCE, making Varanasi among the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. In ancient times, the town was well-known for its production of delicate fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture.
Buddhism is said to possess started here in 528 BCE in nearby Sarnath once the Buddha gave his lecture on the first turning of the Wheel of Dharma. By the 8th century CE, Varanasi had become a centre for the worship of Shiva and accounts from foreign travellers throughout the medieval period show, so it had an unsurpassed reputation as a holy city.
During the seizure by the Persian Empire in the 17th century, many of Varanasi’s Hindu temples were demolished and reconstructed with mosques, in the 18th century, recent Varanasi began to take shape as Hindu-led authorities promoted the renovation of temples and the construction of new shrines.
10 Lines on Varanasi Essay in English
1. Varanasi is also known as Benares or Banaras or Kashi.
2. Varanasi is also described as the City of Temples.
3. According to Hindu religion, Varanasi was established by Shiva.
4. Varanasi developed as an important manufacturing centre, noted for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture.
5. Chandradeva, the originator of the Gahadavala family, made Banaras the second capital in 1090.
6. Varanasi is placed at an altitude of 80.71 metres (264.8 ft) in the centre of the Ganges ravine of North India.
7. Varanasi experiences a humid subtropical climate with large variations between summer and winter temperatures.
8. Tourism is Varanasi’s second most important industry. Home tourist most usually visits for spiritual objectives while foreign tourist stays for ghats along River Ganges and Sarnath.
9. The Ghats in Varanasi are world-renowned banks made in steps of stone slabs along the river bank where pilgrims make ritual ablutions.
10. Historically, Varanasi has been a hub for learning in India, dragging students and scholars from beyond the country.
FAQ’s on Varanasi Essay
What is unique about Varanasi?
As the most faithful of seven holy cities for Hindus and Jains, it’s a pilgrim-drawing religious capital of India.
Why is Varanasi holy?
The city is essential to Hindus because it is dedicated to the God Shiva.
Which river flows in Varanasi?
Which language is spoken in Varanasi?
Bhojpuri and Hindi are delivered in Varanasi and written in Devanagari scripts.