The Layers Of A Typical Rainforest
Forests are home to a variety of plants and animals. Several trees, shrubs, mosses, and mushrooms, birds and mammals, spiders, frogs, and snakes grow and live in forests. Human beings, too, depend on forests for a variety of things. Felling of trees and clearing of forests may have undesirable effects on all life forms on Earth.
About one-third of the world’s land surface is covered with forests. Forests are different from one another depending upon where they are located. Climate, topography (physical features) and soil type are some of the main factors that determine the type of trees and animals that grow and thrive in a forest. The current forest cover of the world is shown below.
According to the height of plants and trees, forests can be divided into three layers canopy, crown, and understorey. The uppermost layer of branches which serves as a dense roof of trees over the ground in a forest is called canopy. The layer where trees branch off from the tree trunk is called crown. The shaded layer of the forest where low light is available is called understorey. India has a diverse range of forests and their uses are equally diverse.